F-Box Protein Domain
The F-Box domain from human Skp2.
Domain Binding and Function
The F-Box domain is a 42–48 conserved amino acid domain found at the N-terminus of F-Box proteins. F-Box proteins act as modular E3 ubiquitin ligase adaptor proteins within the SCF complex responsible for phosphorylation-mediated ubiquitination. The F-Box domain mediates interaction with SKP1, which links F-Box proteins to the core ubiquitin-ligase complex that is composed of Rbx1, cdc53/Cul1 and the E2 conjugating enzyme cdc34. The C-terminal region of F-Box proteins is also composed of various modular domains that interact with target substrates, often in a phosphorylation-dependent manner.
- Schulman, B.A. et al. (2000) Nature 408(6810), 381–386.
Examples of Domain Proteins
|F-Box Domain Proteins||Binding Partners||C-terminal Binding Partners|
|Cdc4 (Yeast)||Skp1, Rbx1||Sic1, CDK inhibitor|
|Grr1 (Yeast)||Skp1, Rbx1||Cyclin (CLN) 1,2|
|TrCp (Yeast)||Skp1, Rbx1||IΚB, NF-ΚB regulator|