Phospholipid Binding: FYVE Domain

The FYVE Domain of EEA1 bound to PI(1,3)P2.

Domain Binding and Function

The FYVE (Fab-1, YGL023, Vps27, and EEA1) domain is a small, cysteine-rich Zn2+ binding domain of approximately 60-70 amino acids. To date, FYVE domains have been identified in over 300 different proteins from yeast to man. The FYVE domain structure consists of two β-hairpins plus a small C-terminal α-helix held together by two Zn2+ binding clusters. FYVE domains contain a basic motif in the first β-strand (R/K)(R/K)HHCR, creating a positively charged pocket that binds PI(3)P. Upon binding of the FYVE domain to PI(3)P, a membrane insertion loop (MIL) located within the domain penetrates into the phospholipid bilayer. The EEA1 protein has an increased affinity for PI(3)P upon dimerization as well as lowered cytosolic pH. FYVE domain binding of PI(3)P has implicated it in a signaling role downstream of PI(3)kinase. Furthermore, FYVE containing proteins have been implicated in the regulation of the vacuolar/lysosomal membrane trafficking pathway and in the regulation of signaling by TGFβ-receptors.

Structure Reference

  1. Kutateladze, T and Overduin, M. (2001) Science 291(5509), 1793–1796

Examples of Domain Proteins

Phospholipid Binding: FYVE Domain

Binding Examples

FYVE Domain Proteins Binding Partners
EEA1 Early Endosome Antigen PI(3)P
Hrs Putative ATPase PI(3)P
SARA (Smad Anchor for Receptor Activation) PI(3)P
FENS1 PI(3)P