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REACTIVITY
All
Product Includes Volume Solution Color
GFP Ab Coated Microwells 96 tests
GFP Detection Ab 11 ml Green
Anti-mouse IgG, HRP-linked Antibody 11 ml Red
Sample Diluent 25 ml Blue
TMB Substrate 7004 11 ml Colorless
STOP Solution 7002 11 ml Colorless
Sealing Tape 2 sheets
ELISA Wash Buffer (20X) 25 ml Colorless
Cell Lysis Buffer (10X) 9803 15 ml Yellowish
Page

ELISA Colorimetric

NOTE: Refer to product-specific datasheets or product webpage for assay incubation temperature.

A. Solutions and Reagents

NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.

  1. 20X Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS): (#9808) To prepare 1 L PBS: add 50 ml 10X PBS to 950 ml dH2O, mix.
  2. Bring all microwell strips to room temperature before use.
  3. Prepare 1X Wash Buffer by diluting 20X Wash Buffer (included in each PathScan® Sandwich ELISA Kit) in dH2O.
  4. 1X Cell Lysis Buffer: 10X Cell Lysis Buffer (#9803): To prepare 10 ml of 1X Cell Lysis Buffer, add 1 ml of 10X Cell Lysis Buffer to 9 ml of dH2O, mix. Buffer can be stored at 4°C for short-term use (1–2 weeks).

    Recommended: Add 1 mM phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF) (#8553) immediately before use.

    NOTE: Refer to product-specific datasheet or webpage for lysis buffer recommendation.

  5. TMB Substrate: (#7004).
  6. STOP Solution: (#7002).

B. Preparing Cell Lysates

For adherent cells

  1. Aspirate media when the culture reaches 80–90% confluence. Treat cells by adding fresh media containing regulator for desired time.
  2. Remove media and rinse cells once with ice-cold 1X PBS.
  3. Remove PBS and add 0.5 ml ice-cold 1X cell lysis buffer plus 1 mM PMSF to each plate (10 cm diameter) and incubate the plate on ice for 5 min.
  4. Scrape cells off the plate and transfer to an appropriate tube. Keep on ice.
  5. Sonicate lysates on ice.
  6. Microcentrifuge for 10 min (x14,000 rpm) at 4°C and transfer the supernatant to a new tube. The supernatant is the cell lysate. Store at -80°C in single-use aliquots.

For suspension cells

  1. Remove media by low speed centrifugation (~1,200 rpm) when the culture reaches 0.5–1.0 x 106 viable cells/ml. Treat cells by adding fresh media containing regulator for desired time.
  2. Collect cells by low speed centrifugation (~1,200 rpm) and wash once with 5–10 ml ice-cold 1X PBS.
  3. Cells harvested from 50 ml of growth media can be lysed in 2.0 ml of 1X cell lysis buffer plus 1 mM PMSF.
  4. Sonicate lysates on ice.
  5. Microcentrifuge for 10 min (x14,000 rpm) at 4°C and transfer the supernatant to a new tube. The supernatant is the cell lysate. Store at -80°C in single-use aliquots.

C. Test Procedure

  1. After the microwell strips have reached room temperature, break off the required number of microwells. Place the microwells in the strip holder. Unused microwells must be resealed in the storage bag and stored at 4°C immediately.
  2. Cell lysates can be undiluted or diluted with sample diluent (supplied in each PathScan® Sandwich ELISA Kit, blue color). Individual datasheets or product webpage for each kit provide information regarding an appropriate dilution factor for lysates and kit assay results.
  3. Add 100 µl of each undiluted or diluted cell lysate to the appropriate well. Seal with tape and press firmly onto top of microwells. Incubate the plate for 2 hr at 37°C. Alternatively, the plate can be incubated overnight at 4°C.
  4. Gently remove the tape and wash wells:
    1. Discard plate contents into a receptacle.
    2. Wash 4 times with 1X wash buffer, 200 µl each time per well.
    3. For each wash, strike plates on fresh paper towels hard enough to remove the residual solution in each well, but do not allow wells to completely dry at any time.
    4. Clean the underside of all wells with a lint-free tissue.
  5. Add 100 µl of detection antibody (green color) to each well. Seal with tape and incubate the plate at 37°C for 1 hr.
  6. Repeat wash procedure (Section C, Step 4).
  7. Add 100 µl of HRP-linked secondary antibody (red color) to each well. Seal with tape and incubate the plate for 30 min at 37°C.
  8. Repeat wash procedure (Section C, Step 4).
  9. Add 100 µl of TMB substrate to each well. Seal with tape and incubate the plate for 10 min at 37°C or 30 min at 25°C.
  10. Add 100 µl of STOP solution to each well. Shake gently for a few seconds.

    NOTE: Initial color of positive reaction is blue, which changes to yellow upon addition of STOP solution.

  11. Read results
    1. Visual Determination: Read within 30 min after adding STOP solution.
    2. Spectrophotometric Determination: Wipe underside of wells with a lint-free tissue. Read absorbance at 450 nm within 30 min after adding STOP solution.

posted June 2005

revised November 2013

protocol id: 21

Product Description

The PathScan® Total GFP Sandwich ELISA Kit is a solid phase sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that detects exogenously expressed GFP. This kit is intended for use with cotransfected GFP as a convenient means of monitoring transfection efficiency. A GFP rabbit antibody has been coated onto the microwells. After incubation with cell lysates, GFP is captured by the coated antibody. Following extensive washing, a GFP mouse detection antibody is added to detect the captured GFP. Anti-mouse IgG, HRP-linked antibody is then used to recognize the bound detection antibody. The HRP substrate TMB is added to develop color. The magnitude of the absorbance for this developed color is proportional to the quantity of GFP.


Specificity / Sensitivity

CST's PathScan® Total GFP Sandwich ELISA Kit #7878 detects GFP when exogenously expressed in cells. As shown in Figure 1, this kit readily detects GFP in transfected, but not in untransfected HEK293 cell lysate. This kit was developed for use with transfected full-length GFP and may not detect GFP fusion proteins. This kit detects proteins from the indicated species, as determined through in-house testing, but may also detect homologous proteins from other species.


Species Reactivity: All Species Expected

The green-fluorescent protein (GFP) functions as a bioluminescence energy transfer acceptor in the jellyfish Aequorea. GFP maximally absorbs light at 395 nm and has an emission spectrum that peaks at 509 nm (1). Among other applications, GFP is commonly cotransfected alongside a gene of interest as a means of monitoring transfection efficiency.


1.  Miyawaki, A. et al. (2003) Curr Opin Chem Biol 7, 557-62.



For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
Cell Signaling Technology® is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
PathScan® is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.