no pathway map

News from the Bench

Discover what’s going on at CST, receive our latest application notes and tips, read our science features, and learn about our products.

Subscribe

Antibody Guarantee

CST Antibody Performance Guarantee

LEARN MORE  

Questions?

Find answers on our FAQs page.

ANSWERS  

Visit PhosphoSitePlus®

PTM information and tools available.

LEARN MORE

Product Description

The Phospho-(Ser/Thr) Kinase Substrate Antibody Sampler Kit provides an economical means to investigate the downstream activity of select serine/threonine kinases. The kit contains enough primary antibody to perform four western blot experiments with each antibody.


Specificity / Sensitivity

Phospho-(Ser/Thr) Akt Substrate (110B7E) Rabbit mAb preferentially recognizes peptides and proteins containing phospho-serine/threonine preceded

by arginine at positions -5 and -3, in a manner largely independent of the surrounding amino acid sequence. Some cross-reactivity is observed for peptides that contain phospho-serine/threonine preceded by arginine at position -3 . No cross-reactivity is observed with the corresponding nonphosphorylated sequences or with other phospho-serine/threonine-containing motifs. By ELISA, the antibody recognizes a wide range of peptides with phospho-threonine or Phospho-serine with arginine at -3 and -5 position.

Phospho-(Ser) PKC Substrate (P-S3-101) Rabbit mAb detects endogenous levels of many cellular proteins only when phosphorylated at Ser residues surrounded by Arg or Lys at the -2 and +2 positions. The antibody may also cross-react with S*X(R/K) motif-containing proteins. The antibody does not cross-react with nonphosphorylated Ser residues, phospho-Thr in the same motif, or phospho-Ser in other motifs.

Phospho-PKA Substrate (RRXS*/T*) (100G7E) Rabbit mAb detects peptides and proteins containing a phospho-Ser/Thr residue with arginine at the -3 and -2 positions. It is a useful tool in identifying new substrates of PKA. The antibody recognizes other -3 arginine-bearing phospho-Ser/Thr peptides, such as substrate motifs for Akt and PKC, to a lesser extent. It does not recognize the nonphosphorylated substrate motif peptides.

Phospho-(Ser/Thr) AMPK Substrate (P-S/T2-102) Rabbit mAb preferentially recognizes endogenous proteins and peptides bearing the LXRXXpS/pT motif. The antibody also cross-reacts with proteins and peptides that only harbor an RXXpS/pT motif.

Phospho-(Ser) CDKs Substrate (P-S2-100) Rabbit mAb rec- ognizes phospho-serine in a KS*P motif. The antibody does not cross-react with phospho-threonine or phospho-tyrosine containing peptides/proteins.

Phospho-(Ser/Thr) ATM/ATR Substrate (S*/T*QG) (P-S/T2-100) Rabbit mAb recognizes proteins containing phospho-Ser or phospho-Thr followed by Gln and Gly residues. To some extent, this antibody also recongizes proteins with an S*/T*Q motif.


Source / Purification

Monoclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with synthetic phosphopeptides .

Phospho-(Ser/Thr) kinases and phosphatases play critical roles in a wide range of biological processes. Each phospho-(Ser/Thr) kinase phosphorylates serine or threonine within a specific motif. Akt phosphorylates substrates at a serine or threonine only in a conserved motif characterized by arginine at positions -5 and -3 (1). Conventional PKC isozymes phosphorylate substrates containing serine or threonine, with arginine or lysine at the -3, -2 and +2 positions, and a hydrophobic amino acid at position +1 (2,3). A consensus phosphorylation site of PKA is serine or threonine with arginine at the -2 and -3 positions (3). AMPK phosphorylates consensus motif (L/M)XRXX(S/T)XXXL (6). Antibodies recognizing the LXRXX(S/T) motif are very useful in the identification of AMPK substrates. The consensus amino acid sequence for CDK substrate is (K/R)(S*)PX(K/R), where denotes any one of the 20 amino acids and S* is the phosphorylation site (4-6). ATM and the related kinase ATR phosphorylate serine or threonine in an S*/T*Q motif (7,8).

Antibodies specific to particular kinase substrates are invaluable reagents in determining kinase activity and identifying potential new kinase substrates. CST has developed antibodies that recognize phosphorylated serine or threonine within the context of a protein motif that is phosphorylated by Akt, PKC, PKA, MAPK/CDK, CDKs or ATM/ATR. As shown by peptide pairing ELISA, each phospho-(Ser/Thr) kinase substrate antibody in this sampler kit is specific to its kinase substrate motif.


1.  Nishikawa, K. et al. (1997) J Biol Chem 272, 952-60.

2.  Pearson, R.B. and Kemp, B.E. (1991) Methods Enzymol 200, 62-81.

3.  Zhao, H. and Piwnica-Worms, H. (2001) Mol Cell Biol 21, 4129-39.

4.  Songyang, Z. et al. (1996) Mol Cell Biol 16, 6486-93.

5.  Kastan, M.B. and Lim, D.S. (2000) Nat. Rev. Mol. Cell Biol. 1, 179-186.

6.  Songyang, Z. (1999) Prog Biophys Mol Biol 71, 359-72.

7.  Alessi, D.R. et al. (1996) FEBS Lett 399, 333-8.

8.  Holmes, J.K. and Solomon, M.J. (1996) J Biol Chem 271, 25240-6.



For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
Cell Signaling Technology® is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
U.S. Patent No. 5,675,063.
Use of Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Motif Antibodies within certain methods (e.g., U.S. Patents No. 7,198,896 and 7,300,753) may require a license from CST. For information regarding academic licensing terms please have your technology transfer office contact CST Legal Department at CST_ip@cellsignal.com. For information regarding commercial licensing terms please contact CST Pharma Services Department at ptmscan@cellsignal.com.