Product Pathways - Cell Cycle / Checkpoint
Cyclin D1 Blocking Peptide #1044
This peptide is used to block Cyclin D1 (92G2) Rabbit mAb #2978 reactivity.
The quality of the peptide was evaluated by reversed-phase HPLC and by mass spectrometry. The peptide blocks Cyclin D1 (92G2) Rabbit mAb #2978 by immunohistochemistry.
Use as a blocking reagent to evaluate the specificity of antibody reactivity in immunohistochemistry protocols.
Directions for Use
For immunohistochemistry, add twice the volume of peptide as volume of antibody used in 100 μl total volume. Incubate for a minimum of 30 minutes prior to adding the entire volume to the slide. Recommended antibody dilutions can be found on the relevant product data sheet.
Activity of the cyclin-dependent kinases CDK4 and CDK6 is regulated by T-loop phosphorylation, by the abundance of their cyclin partners (the D-type cyclins), and by association with CDK inhibitors of the Cip/Kip or INK family of proteins (1). The inactive ternary complex of cyclin D/CDK4 and p27 Kip1 requires extracellular mitogenic stimuli for the release and degradation of p27 concomitant with a rise in cyclin D levels to affect progression through the restriction point and Rb-dependent entry into S-phase (2). The active complex of cyclin D/CDK4 targets the retinoblastoma protein for phosphorylation, allowing the release of E2F transcription factors that activate G1/S-phase gene expression (3). Levels of cyclin D protein drop upon withdrawal of growth factors through downregulation of protein expression and phosphorylation-dependent degradation (4).
- Hirai, H. et al. (1995) Mol. Cell. Biol. 15, 2672-2681.
- Sherr, C.J. (1996) Science 274, 1672-1677.
- Lukas, J. et al. (1996) Mol. Cell. Biol. 16, 6917-6925.
- Diehl, J.A. et al. (1997) Genes Dev. 11, 957-972.
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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.