Product Pathways - NF-kB Signaling
NF-κB p65 Blocking Peptide #1061
This peptide is used to block NF-κB p65 (C22B4) Rabbit mAb #4764 reactivity in immunohistochemistry protocols.
The quality of the peptide was evaluated by reversed-phase HPLC and by mass spectrometry. The peptide blocks NF-κB p65 (C22B4) Rabbit mAb #4764 signal in immunohistochemistry.
Use as a blocking reagent to evaluate the specificity of antibody reactivity in immunohistochemistry protocols.
Directions for Use
For immunohistochemistry, add twice the volume of peptide as volume of antibody used in 100 μl total volume. Incubate for a minimum of 30 minutes prior to adding the entire volume to the slide. Recommended antibody dilutions can be found on the product data sheet.
Transcription factors of the nuclear factor κ B (NF-κB)/Rel family play a pivotal role in inflammatory and immune responses (1,2). There are five family members in mammals: RelA, c-Rel, RelB, NF-κB1 (p105/p50), and NF-κB2 (p100/p52). Both p105 and p100 are proteolytically processed by the proteasome to produce p50 and p52, respectively. Rel proteins bind p50 and p52 to form dimeric complexes that bind DNA and regulate transcription. In unstimulated cells, NF-κB is sequestered in the cytoplasm by IκB inhibitory proteins (3-5). NF-κB-activating agents can induce the phosphorylation of IκB proteins, targeting them for rapid degradation through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway and releasing NF-κB to enter the nucleus where it regulates gene expression (6-8). NIK and IKKα (IKK1) regulate the phosphorylation and processing of NF-κB2 (p100) to produce p52, which translocates to the nucleus (9-11).
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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.