Product Pathways - Neuroscience
CDK5 (1H3) Mouse mAb #12134
|W IP||H M R Mk||Endogenous||30||Mouse IgG1|
Reactivity Key: H=Human M=Mouse R=Rat Mk=Monkey
Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot. Species enclosed in parentheses are predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology.
Specificity / Sensitivity
CDK5 (1H3) Mouse mAb recognizes endogenous levels of total CDK5 protein.
Source / Purification
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a recombinant protein specific to the amino terminus of rat CDK5 protein.
Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) are serine/threonine kinases that are activated by cyclins and govern eukaryotic cell cycle progression. While CDK5 shares high sequence homology with its family members, it is thought mainly to function in postmitotic neurons to regulate the cytoarchitecture of these cells. Analogous to cyclins, the regulatory subunits p35 and p39 associate with and activate CDK5 despite the lack of sequence homology. CDK5 is ubiquitously expressed, with high levels of kinase activity detected primarily in the nervous system due to the narrow expression pattern of p35 and p39 in post-mitotic neurons. A large number of CDK5 substrates have been identified although no substrates have been specifically attributed to p35 or p39. Substrates of CDK5 include p35, PAK1, Src, β-catenin, tau, neurofilament-H, neurofilament-M, synapsin-1, APP, DARPP32, PP1-inhibitor, and Rb. p35 is rapidly degraded (T1/2 <20 min) by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway (1). However, p35 stability increases as CDK5 kinase activity decreases, likely as a result of decreased phosphorylation of p35 at Thr138 by CDK5 (2). Proteolytic cleavage of p35 by calpain produces p25 upon neurotoxic insult, resulting in prolonged activation of CDK5 by p25. Research studies have shown accumulation of p25 in neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) (3,4).
- Dhavan, R. and Tsai, L.H. (2001) Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 2, 749-59.
- Patrick, G.N. et al. (1998) J Biol Chem 273, 24057-64.
- Lee, M.S. et al. (2000) Nature 405, 360-4.
- Kusakawa, G. et al. (2000) J Biol Chem 275, 17166-72.
- Lagace, D.C. et al. (2008) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105, 18567-71. Applications: IF-F Western Blotting
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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.