Product Pathways - Nuclear Receptor Signaling
Phospho-Progesterone Receptor (Ser345) Antibody #12783
|12783S||100 µl (10 western blots)||---||In Stock||---|
|12783||carrier free and custom formulation / quantity||email request|
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|W||1:1000||Human||Endogenous||90 (PR-A), 118 (PR-B)||Rabbit|
Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot.
Applications Key: W=Western Blotting
Specificity / Sensitivity
Phospho-Progesterone Receptor (Ser345) Antibody recognizes endogenous levels of progesterone receptor B (PR-B) and progesterone receptor A (PR-A) proteins only when phosphorylated at Ser345 and Ser181, respectively. This antibody does not cross-react with other progesterone receptor family members.
Source / Purification
Polyclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic phosphopeptide corresponding to residues surrounding Ser345 of human progesterone receptor B (PR-B) protein. Antibodies are purified by protein A and peptide affinity chromatography.
Western blot analysis of extracts from T-47D cells grown for 48 hr in phenol red-free medium supplemented with 5% charcoal-stripped FBS, untreated (-) or promegestone (R5020)-treated (100 nM, 1 hr; +), using Phospho-Progesterone Receptor (Ser345) Antibody (upper) or Progesterone Receptor A/B (D8Q2J) XP® Rabbit mAb #8757 (lower).
Human progesterone receptor (PR) is expressed as two forms: the full length PR-B and the short form PR-A. PR-A lacks the first 164 amino acid residues of PR-B (1,2). Both PR-A and PR-B are ligand activated, but differ in their relative ability to activate target gene transcription (3,4). The activity of PR is regulated by phosphorylation; at least seven serine residues are phosphorylated in its amino-terminal domain. Three sites (Ser81, Ser102, and Ser162) are unique to full length PR-B, while other sites (Ser190, Ser294, Ser345, and Ser400) are shared by both isoforms (5). Phosphorylation of PR-B at Ser190 (equivalent to Ser26 of PR-A) is catalyzed by CDK2 (6). Mutation of Ser190 results in decreased activity of PR (7), suggesting that the phosphorylation at Ser190 may be critical to its biological function.
Research studies have demonstrated ligand-dependent phosphorylation of PR-B at Ser345 is catalyzed by MAPK and plays an important role in mediating the proliferation of breast cancer cells. Investigators have shown that Ser345-phosphorylated PR-B associates with Sp1 to regulate EGFR and p21 transcription (8).
- Evans, R.M. (1988) Science 240, 889-895.
- Kastner, P. et al. (1990) EMBO J. 112, 1603-1614.
- Giangrande, P.H. et al. (2000) Mol. Cell. Biol. 20, 3102-3115.
- Wen, D.X. et al. (1994) Mol. Cell. Biol. 14, 8356-8364.
- Clemm, D.L. et al. (2000) Mol. Endocrinol. 14, 52-65.
- Zhang, Y. et al. (1997) Mol. Endocrinol. 11, 823-832.
- Takimoto, G.S. et al. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 13308-13316.
- Faivre, E.J. et al. (2008) Mol Endocrinol 22, 823-37.
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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
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