Product Pathways - Chromatin Regulation / Epigenetics
Histone Deacetylase 4 (HDAC4) Antibody #2072
|W||H M R Mk||Endogenous||140||Rabbit|
Reactivity Key: H=Human M=Mouse R=Rat Mk=Monkey
Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot. Species enclosed in parentheses are predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology.
Specificity / Sensitivity
Histone Deacetylase 4 (HDAC4) Antibody detects endogenous levels of total HDAC4 protein. This antibody detects only HDAC4 protein; it does not cross-react with other HDAC proteins.
Source / Purification
Polyclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues surrounding amino acid 10 of human HDAC4. Antibodies are purified by protein A and peptide affinity chromatography.
Acetylation of the histone tail causes chromatin to adopt an "open" conformation, allowing increased accessibility of transcription factors to DNA. The identification of histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and their large multiprotein complexes has yielded important insights into how these enzymes regulate transcription (1,2). HAT complexes interact with sequence-specific activator proteins to target specific genes. In addition to histones, HATs can acetylate nonhistone proteins, suggesting multiple roles for these enzymes (3). In contrast, histone deacetylation promotes a "closed" chromatin conformation and typically leads to repression of gene activity (4). Mammalian histone deacetylases can be divided into three classes on the basis of their similarity to various yeast deacetylases (5). Class I proteins (HDACs 1, 2, 3, and 8) are related to the yeast Rpd3-like proteins, those in class II (HDACs 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, and 10) are related to yeast Hda1-like proteins, and class III proteins are related to the yeast protein Sir2. Inhibitors of HDAC activity are now being explored as potential therapeutic cancer agents (6,7).
- Marmorstein, R. (2001) Cell Mol Life Sci 58, 693-703.
- Gregory, P.D. et al. (2001) Exp Cell Res 265, 195-202.
- Liu, Y. et al. (2000) Mol Cell Biol 20, 5540-53.
- Cress, W.D. and Seto, E. (2000) J Cell Physiol 184, 1-16.
- Gray, S.G. and Ekström, T.J. (2001) Exp Cell Res 262, 75-83.
- Thiagalingam, S. et al. (2003) Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 983, 84-100.
- Vigushin, D.M. and Coombes, R.C. (2004) Curr. Cancer Drug Targets 4, 205-218.
- Wu, H. and Olson, E. (2002) Activation of the MEF2 transcription factor in skeletal muscles from myotonic mice. J. Clin. Invest. 109 (10), 1327-1333. Applications: Western Blotting
- Yoon, H. G. et al. (2003) Purification and functional characterization of the human N-CoR complex: the roles of HDAC3, TBL1 and TBLR1. EMBO J. 22, 1336-1346. Applications: Western Blotting
- Zhang, Z. et al. (2011) Nat Med 17, 1448-55. Applications: ChIP
Have you published research involving the use of our products? If so we'd love to hear about it. Please let us know!
- 2062 Histone Deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) Antibody
- 2632 Histone Deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) Antibody
- 2082 Histone Deacetylase 5 (HDAC5) Antibody
- 2152 WSTF Antibody
- 7074 Anti-rabbit IgG, HRP-linked Antibody
- 7720 Prestained Protein Marker, Broad Range (Premixed Format)
- 7727 Biotinylated Protein Ladder Detection Pack
- 7003 20X LumiGLO® Reagent and 20X Peroxide
For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.