Product Pathways - NF-kB Signaling
Toll-like Receptor 7 Antibody #2633
|2633S||100 µl (10 western blots)||---||In Stock||---|
|2633P||40 µl (4 western blots)||---||In Stock||---|
|2633||carrier free and custom formulation / quantity||email request|
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|W||1:1000||Human, Mouse, Rat||Endogenous||140||Rabbit|
Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot.
Applications Key: W=Western Blotting
Species predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology: Monkey, Dog.
Specificity / Sensitivity
Toll-like Receptor 7 Antibody detects endogenous levels of total TLR7 protein.
Source / Purification
Polyclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues near the carboxyl terminus of TLR7 protein. Antibodies are purified by peptide affinity chromatography.
Members of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family, named for the closely related Toll receptor in Drosophila, play a pivotal role in innate immune responses (1-4). TLRs recognize conserved motifs found in various pathogens and mediate defense responses (5-7). Triggering of the TLR pathway leads to the activation of NF-κB and subsequent regulation of immune and inflammatory genes (4). The TLRs and members of the IL-1 receptor family share a conserved stretch of approximately 200 amino acids known as the Toll/Interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) domain (1). Upon activation, TLRs associate with a number of cytoplasmic adaptor proteins containing TIR domains, including myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), MyD88-adaptor-like/TIR-associated protein (MAL/TIRAP), Toll-receptor-associated activator of interferon (TRIF), and Toll-receptor-associated molecule (TRAM) (8-10). This association leads to the recruitment and activation of IRAK1 and IRAK4, which form a complex with TRAF6 to activate TAK1 and IKK (8,11-14). Activation of IKK leads to the degradation of IκB, which normally maintains NF-κB in an inactive state by sequestering it in the cytoplasm.
TLR7, 8 and 9 form a group of structurally related TLR family members that are are localized to intracellular endosomes (4-6). TLR7 shows highest expression in lung, placenta, and spleen (4). TLR7 mediates responses to a class of synthetic compounds, including imidazoquinolines, guanosine-based drugs that induce anti-viral responses (7). Naturally, TLR7 responds to ssRNA viruses to activate NF-κB and trigger IFN production (8-10).
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