Product Pathways - Neuroscience
NeuroD Antibody #2833
|W IP||H (M) (R)||Endogenous||49||Rabbit|
Reactivity Key: H=Human M=Mouse R=Rat
Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot. Species enclosed in parentheses are predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology.
Specificity / Sensitivity
NeuroD Antibody detects endogenous levels of total NeuroD protein.
Source / Purification
Polyclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to the sequence of human NeuroD. Antibodies are purified by protein A and peptide affinity chromatography.
NeuroD is a member of the basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) family of transcription factors. These proteins function by forming heterodimers with E-proteins and binding to the canonical E-box sequence CANNTG (1,2). Neuronal activity results in CaMKII-mediated phosphorylation of NeuroD at Ser336, which is necessary for formation and growth of dendrites (3,4). NeuroD is also phosphorylated at Ser274 though the results are context dependent as phosphorylation by Erk stimulates NeuroD activity in pancreatic β-cells while phosphorylation by GSK-3β inhibits NeuroD in neurons (3). NeuroD is crucially important in both the pancreas and developing nervous system, and plays a large role in the development of the inner ear and mammalian retina (3). Mice lacking NeuroD become severely diabetic and die shortly after birth due to defects in β-cell differentiation (2,3,5,6). The lack of NeuroD in the brain results in severe defects in development (5). Human mutations have been linked to a number of types of diabetes including type I diabetes mellitus and maturity-onset diabetes of the young (1,3).
- Schonhoff, S.E. et al. (2004) Endocrinology 145, 2639-2644.
- Sharma, A. et al. (1999) Mol. Cell Biol. 19, 704-713.
- Chae, J.H. et al. (2004) Mol. Cells 18, 271-288.
- Gaudillière, B. et al. (2004) Neuron 41, 229-241.
- Miyata, T. et al. (1999) Genes Dev. 13, 1647-1652.
- Naya, F.J. et al. (1997) Genes Dev. 11, 2323-2334.
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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.