Product Pathways - PI3K / Akt Signaling
Akt1 (C73H10) Rabbit mAb #2938
|2938S||100 µl (10 western blots)||---||In Stock||---|
|2938P||40 µl (4 western blots)||---||In Stock||---|
|2938||carrier free and custom formulation / quantity||email request|
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|W||1:1000||Human, Mouse, Rat, Monkey||Endogenous||60||Rabbit IgG|
Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot.
Applications Key: W=Western Blotting, IP=Immunoprecipitation, IHC-P=Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin)
Specificity / Sensitivity
Akt1 (C73H10) Rabbit mAb detects endogenous levels of total Akt1 protein. This antibody does not cross-react with Akt2 or Akt3.
Source / Purification
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide surrounding Leu110 of human Akt1.
Western blot analysis of extracts from various cell types using Akt1 (C73H10) Rabbit mAb.
Western blot analysis of extracts from Akt1 (lane 1), Akt2 (lane 2) and Akt3 (lane 3) knock-out mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and matched wild-type MEFs (lane 4) using Akt1 (C73H10) Rabbit mAb (upper) and Akt2 Antibody #2962 (lower).
Western blot analysis of recombinant Akt1, Akt2 and Akt3 proteins using Akt1 (C73H10) Rabbit mAb (upper) and Akt (pan) (11E7) Rabbit mAb #4685 (lower).
Immunohistochemical analysis using Akt1 (C73H10) Rabbit mAb on SignalSlide™ Phospho-Akt (Ser473) IHC Controls #8101 (paraffin-embedded LNCaP cells, untreated (left) or LY294002-treated (right)).
Akt, also referred to as PKB or Rac, plays a critical role in controlling survival and apoptosis (1-3). This protein kinase is activated by insulin and various growth and survival factors to function in a wortmannin-sensitive pathway involving PI3 kinase (2,3). Akt is activated by phospholipid binding and activation loop phosphorylation at Thr308 by PDK1 (4) and by phosphorylation within the carboxy terminus at Ser473. The previously elusive PDK2 responsible for phosphorylation of Akt at Ser473 has been identified as mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) in a rapamycin-insensitive complex with rictor and Sin1 (5,6). Akt promotes cell survival by inhibiting apoptosis through phosphorylation and inactivation of several targets, including Bad (7), forkhead transcription factors (8), c-Raf (9), and caspase-9. PTEN phosphatase is a major negative regulator of the PI3 kinase/Akt signaling pathway (10). LY294002 is a specific PI3 kinase inhibitor (11). Another essential Akt function is the regulation of glycogen synthesis through phosphorylation and inactivation of GSK-3α and β (12,13). Akt may also play a role in insulin stimulation of glucose transport (12). In addition to its role in survival and glycogen synthesis, Akt is involved in cell cycle regulation by preventing GSK-3β-mediated phosphorylation and degradation of cyclin D1 (14) and by negatively regulating the cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors p27 Kip1 (15) and p21 Waf1/Cip1 (16). Akt also plays a critical role in cell growth by directly phosphorylating mTOR in a rapamycin-sensitive complex containing raptor (17). More importantly, Akt phosphorylates and inactivates tuberin (TSC2), an inhibitor of mTOR within the mTOR-raptor complex (18,19).
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- Brunet, A. et al. (1999) Cell 96, 857-68.
- Zimmermann, S. and Moelling, K. (1999) Science 286, 1741-4.
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- Mahajan, K. et al. (2010) PLoS One 5, e9646. Applications: Western Blotting.
- Carlin, L.M. et al. (2011) Sci Signal 4, ra81. Applications: Western Blotting.
- Kasahara, K. et al. (2013) Nat Commun 4, 1882. Applications: Western Blotting.
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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
Cell Signaling Technology® is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
This antibody is developed, validated, and produced by CST using in part technology under license (granting certain rights including those under U.S. Patent No. 5,675,063) from Epitomics, Inc.