Product Pathways - Lymphocyte Signaling
Phospho-Btk (Ser180) (3D3) Mouse mAb #3537
|3537S||100 µl (10 western blots)||---||In Stock||---|
|3537||carrier free and custom formulation / quantity||email request|
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Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot.
Applications Key: W=Western Blotting
Species predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology: Mouse.
Specificity / Sensitivity
Phospho-Btk (Ser180) (3D3) Mouse mAb detects endogenous levels of Btk only when phosphorylated at Ser180.
Source / Purification
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic phosphopeptide corresponding to residues around Ser180 of human Btk.
Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) is a member of the Btk/Tec family of cytoplasmic tyrosine kinases. Like other Btk family members, it contains a pleckstrin homology (PH) domain and Src homology SH3 and SH2 domains. Btk plays an important role in B cell development (1,2). Activation of B cells by various ligands is accompanied by Btk membrane translocation mediated by its PH domain binding to phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate (3-5). The membrane-localized Btk is active and associated with transient phosphorylation of two tyrosine residues, Tyr551 and Tyr223. Tyr551 in the activation loop is transphosphorylated by the Src family tyrosine kinases, leading to autophosphorylation at Tyr223 within the SH3 domain, which is necessary for full activation (6,7). The activation of Btk is negatively regulated by PKCβ through phosphorylation of Btk at Ser180, which results in reduced membrane recruitment, transphosphorylation, and subsequent activation (8). The PKC inhibitory signal is likely to be a key determinant of the B cell receptor signaling threshold to maintain optimal Btk activity (8).
- Khan, W.N. (2001) Immunol. Res. 23, 147-156.
- Lewis, C.M. et al. (2001) Curr. Opin. Immunol. 13, 317-325.
- Salim, K. et al. (1996) EMBO J. 15, 6241-6250.
- Rameh, L.E. et al. (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272, 22059-22066.
- Varnai, P. et al. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 10983-10989.
- Rawlings, D.J. et al. (1996) Science 271, 822-825.
- Park, H. et al. (1996) Immunity 4, 515-525.
- Kang, S.W. et al. (2001) EMBO J. 20, 5692-5702.
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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
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