Product Pathways - Translational Control
eIF2B-ε Antibody #3595
|3595S||100 µl (10 western blots)||---||In Stock||---|
|3595||carrier free and custom formulation / quantity||email request|
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|W||1:1000||Human, Mouse, Rat, Monkey||Endogenous||85||Rabbit|
Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot.
Applications Key: W=Western Blotting
Specificity / Sensitivity
eIF2B-epsilon Antibody detects endogenous levels of total eIF2B-epsilon protein.
Source / Purification
Polyclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to amino acids near the middle of human eIF2B-epsilon. Antibodies are purified by protein A and peptide affinity chromatography.
Phosphorylation of the eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF2) α subunit is a well-documented mechanism to downregulate protein synthesis under a variety of stress conditions. eIF2 binds GTP and Met-tRNAi and transfers Met-tRNA to the 40S subunit to form the 43S preinitiation complex (1,2). eIF2 promotes a new round of translation initiation by exchanging GDP for GTP, a reaction catalyzed by eIF2B (1,2). Kinases that are activated by viral infection (PKR), endoplasmic reticulum stress (PERK/PEK), amino acid deprivation (GCN2), or heme deficiency (HRI) can phosphorylate the α subunit of eIF2 (3,4). This phosphorylation stabilizes the eIF2-GDP-eIF2B complex and inhibits the turnover of eIF2B. Induction of PKR by IFN-γ and TNF-α induces potent phosphorylation of eIF2α at Ser51 (5,6).
eIF2B, a guanine nucleotide exchange factor, is composed of 5 subunits, the largest of which is eIF2B-epsilon (7). Multiple in vivo phosphorylation sites have been identified on eIF2B-epsilon (8). Casein Kinase II can phosphorylate eIF2B-epsilon at Ser717/718 to allow for association with its substrate eIF2. Phosphorylation at Ser544 allows GSK-3 to phosphorylate the key regulatory site Ser540. A fifth eIF2B-epsilon phosphorylation site, Ser466, can be phosphorylated by casein kinase I.
- Kimball, S.R. (1999) Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol. 31, 25-29.
- De Haro, C. et al. (1996) FASEB J. 10, 1378-1387.
- Kaufman, R.J. (1999) Genes Dev. 13, 1211-1233.
- Sheikh, M.S. and Fornace Jr., A.J. (1999) Oncogene 18, 6121-6128.
- Cheshire, J.L. et al. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 4801-4806.
- Zamanian-Daryoush, M. et al. (2000) Mol. Cell. Biol. 20, 1278-1290.
- Fabian , J. R. et al. (1997) J. Biol. Chem. 272, 12359-12365.
- Wang, X. et al. (2001) EMBO J. 20, 4349-4359.
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