Product Pathways - DNA Damage
Thymidylate Synthase Antibody #3766
|3766S||100 µl (10 western blots)||---||In Stock||---|
|3766||carrier free and custom formulation / quantity||email request|
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|W||1:1000||Human, Mouse, Rat, Hamster, Monkey||Endogenous||30||Rabbit|
Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot.
Applications Key: W=Western Blotting
Specificity / Sensitivity
Thymidylate Synthase Antibody detects endogenous levels of total thymidylate synthase protein.
Source / Purification
Polyclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues near the carboxy terminus of human thymidylate synthase. Antibodies are purified using protein A and peptide affinity chromatography.
The methylation of deoxyuridine monophosphate (dUMP) to deoxythymidine monophosphate (dTMP) is an essential step in the formation of thymine nucleotides (1,2, reviewed in 3). This process is catalyzed by thymidylate synthase (TS or TYMS), a homodimer composed of two 30 kDa subunits. TS is an intracellular enzyme that provides the sole de novo source of thymidylate, making it a required enzyme in DNA biosynthesis with activity highest in proliferating cells (1). Being the exclusive source of dTMP, investigators have concluded that TS is also an important target for anticancer agents such as 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) (1-5). 5-FU acts as a TS inhibitor and is active against solid tumors such as colon, breast, head, and neck. Research studies have demonstrated that patients with metastases expressing lower levels of TS have a higher response rate to treatment with 5-FU than patients with tumors that have increased levels of TS (5). Researchers continue to investigate TS expression in different types of cancers (6-10).
- Johnston, P.G. et al. (1991) Cancer Res 51, 6668-76.
- Aschele, C. et al. (2002) Ann Oncol 13, 1882-92.
- Jackman, A.L. and Calvert, A.H. (1995) Ann Oncol 6, 871-81.
- Van Triest, B. et al. (2000) J Histochem Cytochem 48, 755-60.
- Johnston, P.G. et al. (1994) J Clin Oncol 12, 2640-7.
- Kwon, H.C. et al. (2007) Ann Oncol 18, 504-9.
- Allegra, C.J. et al. (2002) J Clin Oncol 20, 1735-43.
- Allegra, C.J. et al. (2003) J Clin Oncol 21, 241-50.
- Tsourouflis, G. et al. (2008) Dig Dis Sci 53, 1289-96.
- Kim, S.H. et al. (2009) Am J Clin Oncol 32, 38-43.
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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
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