Product Pathways - Chromatin Regulation / Epigenetics
Tri-Methyl-Histone H3 (Lys27) (C36B11) Rabbit mAb (Sepharose Bead Conjugate) #4232
|IP||H M R Mk (X) (Z)||Endogenous||17||Rabbit IgG|
Reactivity Key: H=Human M=Mouse R=Rat Mk=Monkey X=Xenopus Z=Zebrafish
Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot. Species enclosed in parentheses are predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology.
Specificity / Sensitivity
Tri-Methyl-Histone H3 (Lys27) (C36B11) Rabbit mAb (Sepharose Bead Conjugate) recognizes endogenous levels of histone H3 only when tri-methylated on Lys27. The antibody does not cross-react with non-methylated, mono-methylated, or di-methylated Lys27. In addition, the antibody does not cross-react with mono-methylated, di-methylated, or tri-methylated histone H3 at Lys4, Lys9, Lys36, or Histone H4 at Lys20.
Source / Purification
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to the amino terminus of histone H3 in which Lys27 is tri-methylated.
Immunoprecipitation of tri-methyl-histone H3 (Lys27) from HeLa cell extracts using Tri-Methyl-Histone H3 (Lys27) (C36B11) Rabbit mAb (Sepharose Bead Conjugate) and Rabbit (DA1E) mAb IgG XP® Isotype Control (Sepharose Bead Conjugate) #3423. The western blot was probed using Tri-Methyl-Histone H3 (Lys27) (C36B11) Rabbit mAb #9733 and Mouse Anti-rabbit IgG (Conformation Specific) (L27A9) mAb (HRP Conjugate) #5127 as a secondary antibody.
This Cell Signaling Technology antibody is immobilized via covalent binding of primary amino groups to N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS)-activated sepharose beads. Tri-Methyl-Histone H3 (Lys27) (C36B11) Rabbit mAb (Sepharose Bead Conjugate) is useful for the immunoprecipitation of tri-methyl-histone H3 (Lys27). The antibody is expected to exhibit the same species cross-reactivity as the unconjugated Tri-Methyl-Histone H3 (Lys27) (C36B11) Rabbit mAb #9733.
The nucleosome, made up of four core histone proteins (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4), is the primary building block of chromatin. Originally thought to function as a static scaffold for DNA packaging, histones have now been shown to be dynamic proteins, undergoing multiple types of post-translational modifications, including acetylation, phosphorylation, methylation, and ubiquitination (1). Histone methylation is a major determinant for the formation of active and inactive regions of the genome and is crucial for the proper programming of the genome during development (2,3). Arginine methylation of histones H3 (Arg2, 17, 26) and H4 (Arg3) promotes transcriptional activation and is mediated by a family of protein arginine methyltransferases (PRMTs), including the co-activators PRMT1 and CARM1 (PRMT4) (4). In contrast, a more diverse set of histone lysine methyltransferases has been identified, all but one of which contain a conserved catalytic SET domain originally identified in the Drosophila Su(var)3-9, Enhancer of zeste, and Trithorax proteins. Lysine methylation occurs primarily on histones H3 (Lys4, 9, 27, 36, 79) and H4 (Lys20) and has been implicated in both transcriptional activation and silencing (4). Methylation of these lysine residues coordinates the recruitment of chromatin modifying enzymes containing methyl-lysine binding modules such as chromodomains (HP1, PRC1), PHD fingers (BPTF, ING2), tudor domains (53BP1), and WD-40 domains (WDR5) (5-8). The discovery of histone demethylases such as PADI4, LSD1, JMJD1, JMJD2, and JHDM1 has shown that methylation is a reversible epigenetic marker (9).
- Peterson, C.L. and Laniel, M.A. (2004) Curr. Biol. 14, R546-R551.
- Kubicek, S. et al. (2006) Ernst Schering Res. Found Workshop, 1-27.
- Lin, W. and Dent, S.Y. (2006) Curr. Opin. Genet. Dev. 16, 137-142.
- Lee, D.Y. et al. (2005) Endocr. Rev. 26, 147-170.
- Daniel, J.A. et al. (2005) Cell Cycle 4, 919-926.
- Shi, X. et al. (2006) Nature 442, 96-99.
- Wysocka, J. et al. (2006) Nature 442, 86-90.
- Wysocka, J. et al. (2005) Cell 121, 859-872.
- Trojer, P. and Reinberg, D. (2006) Cell 125, 213-217.
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Rabbit monoclonal antibody is produced under license (granting certain rights including those under U. S. Patent No. 5,675,063) from Epitomics, Inc.
For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.