Product Pathways - MAPK Signaling
Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) (197G2) Rabbit mAb #4377
|4377S||200 µl (20 western blots)||---||In Stock||---|
|4377||carrier free and custom formulation / quantity||email request|
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|W||1:1000||Human, Mouse, Rat, Monkey, Mink, D. melanogaster, Zebrafish, Pig||Endogenous||42, 44||Rabbit IgG|
Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot.
Applications Key: W=Western Blotting, IF-IC=Immunofluorescence (Immunocytochemistry), F=Flow Cytometry
Specificity / Sensitivity
Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) (197G2) Rabbit mAb detects endogenous levels of p44 and p42 MAP Kinase (Erk1 and Erk2) when dually phosphorylated at Thr202 and Tyr204 of Erk1 (Thr185 and Tyr187 of Erk2), and singly phosphorylated at Tyr204. The antibody does not cross-react with the corresponding phosphorylated residues of either JNK/SAPK or p38 MAP kinase.
Source / Purification
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic phosphopeptide corresponding to residues surrounding Thr202/Tyr204 of human p44 MAP kinase.
Western blot analysis of purified MAPK phospho-proteins or extracts from NIH/3T3 cells treated with UV light and PDGF, using Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) (197G2) Rabbit mAb (upper), Phospho-p38 MAPK (Thr180/Tyr182) (3D7) Rabbit mAb #9215 (middle), and Phospho-SAPK/JNK (Thr183/Tyr185) (98F2) Rabbit mAb #4671 (lower).
Flow cytometric analysis of U0126-inhibited (blue) or PMA-stimulated (green) Jurkat cells, using Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) (197G2) Rabbit mAb compared to a nonspecific negative control antibody (red).
Confocal immunofluorescent images of NIH/3T3 cells untreated (left), inhibited with U0126 (MEK1/2 Inhibitor) #9903 (center), or stimulated with Platelet-Derived Growth Factor (PDGF) #9909 (right) and labeled with Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) (197G2) Rabbit mAb (green). Actin filaments have been labeled with Alexa Fluor® 555 phalloidin #8953 (red). Blue pseudocolor = DRAQ5® #4084 (fluorescent DNA dye).
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are a widely conserved family of serine/threonine protein kinases involved in many cellular programs, such as cell proliferation, differentiation, motility, and death. The p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) signaling pathway can be activated in response to a diverse range of extracellular stimuli including mitogens, growth factors, and cytokines (1-3), and research investigators consider it an important target in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer (4). Upon stimulation, a sequential three-part protein kinase cascade is initiated, consisting of a MAP kinase kinase kinase (MAPKKK or MAP3K), a MAP kinase kinase (MAPKK or MAP2K), and a MAP kinase (MAPK). Multiple p44/42 MAP3Ks have been identified, including members of the Raf family, as well as Mos and Tpl2/COT. MEK1 and MEK2 are the primary MAPKKs in this pathway (5,6). MEK1 and MEK2 activate p44 and p42 through phosphorylation of activation loop residues Thr202/Tyr204 and Thr185/Tyr187, respectively. Several downstream targets of p44/42 have been identified, including p90RSK (7) and the transcription factor Elk-1 (8,9). p44/42 are negatively regulated by a family of dual-specificity (Thr/Tyr) MAPK phosphatases, known as DUSPs or MKPs (10), along with MEK inhibitors, such as U0126 and PD98059.
- Roux, P.P. and Blenis, J. (2004) Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 68, 320-44.
- Baccarini, M. (2005) FEBS Lett 579, 3271-7.
- Meloche, S. and Pouysségur, J. (2007) Oncogene 26, 3227-39.
- Roberts, P.J. and Der, C.J. (2007) Oncogene 26, 3291-310.
- Rubinfeld, H. and Seger, R. (2005) Mol Biotechnol 31, 151-74.
- Murphy, L.O. and Blenis, J. (2006) Trends Biochem Sci 31, 268-75.
- Dalby, K.N. et al. (1998) J Biol Chem 273, 1496-505.
- Marais, R. et al. (1993) Cell 73, 381-93.
- Kortenjann, M. et al. (1994) Mol Cell Biol 14, 4815-24.
- Owens, D.M. and Keyse, S.M. (2007) Oncogene 26, 3203-13.
- Trampont, P. et al. (2006) Mol Cell Biol 26, 9035-44. Applications: Flow Cytometry.
- Owaki, T. et al. (2006) J Immunol 177, 7579-87. Applications: Western Blotting.
- Deane, J.A. et al. (2007) Blood 109, 2894-902. Applications: Flow Cytometry.
- Mark, J.K. et al. (2008) J Biol Chem 283, 28574-83. Applications: Western Blotting.
- Fehrenbacher, N. et al. (2008) Cancer Res 68, 6623-33. Applications: Western Blotting.
- Wu, M. et al. (2009) Diabetes Metab Res Rev 25, 279-86. Applications: Western Blotting.
- Chiron, D. et al. (2009) J Immunol 182, 4471-8. Applications: Western Blotting.
- Gross, A.J. et al. (2009) J Immunol 182, 5382-92. Applications: Flow Cytometry.
- Messal, N. et al. (2011) Eur J Immunol 41, 3443-54. Applications: Flow Cytometry.
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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
DRAQ5® is a registered trademark of Biostatus Limited.
Alexa Fluor® is a registered trademark of Molecular Probes, Inc.
Cell Signaling Technology® is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
This antibody is developed, validated, and produced by CST using in part technology under license (granting certain rights including those under U.S. Patents No. 5,675,063 and 7,429,487) from Epitomics, Inc.