Product Pathways - MAPK Signaling
Phospho-p38 MAPK (Thr180/Tyr182) (D3F9) XP® Rabbit mAb #4511
|4511L||600 µl (60 western blots)||---||In Stock||---|
|4511S||200 µl (20 western blots)||---||In Stock||---|
|4511P||40 µl (4 western blots)||---||In Stock||---|
|4511||carrier free and custom formulation / quantity||email request|
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|W||1:1000||Human, Mouse, Rat, Monkey, Mink, Pig, S. cerevisiae||Endogenous||43||Rabbit IgG|
Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot.
Applications Key: W=Western Blotting, IP=Immunoprecipitation, IHC-P=Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin), IF-IC=Immunofluorescence (Immunocytochemistry), F=Flow Cytometry
Species predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology: Hamster, Chicken, Zebrafish, Bovine.
Specificity / Sensitivity
Phospho-p38 MAPK (Thr180/Tyr182) (D3F9) XP® Rabbit mAb detects endogenous levels of p38 MAPK only when phosphorylated at Thr180 and Tyr182. This antibody does not cross-react with the phosphorylated forms of either p42/44 MAPK or SAPK/JNK.
Source / Purification
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic phosphopeptide corresponding to residues surrounding Thr180/Tyr182 of human p38 MAPK.
Western blot analysis of extracts from COS and 293 cells, untreated or UV-treated, using Phospho-p38 MAPK (Thr180/Tyr182) (D3F9) XP® Rabbit mAb (upper) or p38 MAPK Antibody #9212 (lower).
Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human colon carcinoma using Phospho-p38 MAPK (Thr180/Tyr182) (D3F9) XP® Rabbit mAb.
Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded 293T cell pellets, untreated (left) or UV-treated (right), using Phospho-p38 MAPK (Thr180/Tyr182) (D3F9) XP® Rabbit mAb.
Flow cytometric analysis of Jurkat cells, untreated (blue) or anisomycin-treated (green), using Phospho-p38 MAPK (Thr180/Tyr182) (D3F9) XP® Rabbit mAb compared to a nonspecific negative control antibody (red).
p38 MAP kinase (MAPK), also called RK (1) or CSBP (2), is the mammalian orthologue of the yeast HOG kinase that participates in a signaling cascade controlling cellular responses to cytokines and stress (1-4). Four isoforms of p38 MAPK, p38α, β, γ (also known as Erk6 or SAPK3), and δ (also known as SAPK4) have been identified. Similar to the SAPK/JNK pathway, p38 MAPK is activated by a variety of cellular stresses including osmotic shock, inflammatory cytokines, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), UV light, and growth factors (1-5). MKK3, MKK6, and SEK activate p38 MAPK by phosphorylation at Thr180 and Tyr182. Activated p38 MAPK has been shown to phosphorylate and activate MAPKAP kinase 2 (3) and to phosphorylate the transcription factors ATF-2 (5), Max (6), and MEF2 (5-8).
SB203580 (4-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-(4-methylsulfinylphenyl)-5-(4-pyridyl)-imidazole) is a selective inhibitor of p38 MAPK. This compound inhibits the activation of MAPKAPK-2 by p38 MAPK and subsequent phosphorylation of HSP27 (9). SB203580 inhibits p38 MAPK catalytic activity by binding to the ATP-binding pocket, but does not inhibit phosphorylation of p38 MAPK by upstream kinases (10).
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- Zhao, M. et al. (1999) Mol. Cell. Biol. 19, 21-30.
- Yang, S.H. et al. (1999) Mol. Cell. Biol. 19, 4028-4038.
- Cuenda, A. et al. (1995) FEBS Lett 364, 229-33.
- Kumar, S. et al. (1999) Biochem Biophys Res Commun 263, 825-31.
- Bruchas, M.R. et al. (2011) Neuron 71, 498-511. Applications: IF-P (paraffin).
- Won, A.P. et al. (2011) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108, 9809-14. Applications: Western Blotting.
- Rohani, M.G. et al. (2010) BMC Immunol 11, 53. Applications: Western Blotting.
- Caron, M.A. et al. (2013) PLoS One 8, e66433. Applications: Western Blotting.
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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
XP® is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
Cell Signaling Technology® is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.