Product Pathways - Cytoskeletal Signaling
Keratin 17 (D73C7) XP® Rabbit mAb #4543
|W IF-IC F||H M R (Mk) (Dg)||Endogenous||48||Rabbit IgG|
Reactivity Key: H=Human M=Mouse R=Rat Mk=Monkey Dg=Dog
Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot. Species enclosed in parentheses are predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology.
Specificity / Sensitivity
Keratin 17 (D73C7) XP® Rabbit mAb detects endogenous levels of keratin 17 protein.
Source / Purification
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to amino acids near the carboxy terminus of human keratin 17.
Western blot analysis of extracts from A-431, HeLa, and A549 cells using Keratin 17 (D73C7) XP® Rabbit mAb. As expected, A549 cells are negative for keratin 17.
Flow cytometric analysis of A549 cells (red) and HeLa cells (blue) using Keratin 17 (D73C7) XP® Rabbit mAb.
Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of HeLa (left) and A549 (right) cells using Keratin 17 (D73C7) XP® Rabbit mAb (green). Actin filaments have been labeled with DY-554 phalloidin (red). Blue pseudocolor = DRAQ5® #4084 (fluorescent DNA dye).
Keratins (cytokeratins) are intermediate filament proteins that are mainly expressed in epithelial cells. Keratin heterodimers composed of an acidic keratin (or type I keratin, keratins 9 to 23) and a basic keratin (or type II keratin, keratins 1 to 8) assemble to form filaments (1,2). Keratin isoforms demonstrate tissue- and differentiation-specific profiles that make them useful as biomarkers (1). Research studies have shown that mutations in keratin genes are associated with skin disorders, liver and pancreatic diseases, and inflammatory intestinal diseases (3-6).
Keratin 17 is involved in wound healing and cell growth, two processes that require rapid cytoskeletal remodeling (7). Keratinocytes deficient in keratin 17 exhibit abnormal Akt/mTOR signaling and fail to produce an increase in translation, cell size, or growth; these cells also exhibit abnormal 14-3-3σ localization. As 14-3-3σ typically associates with keratin 17, these results imply that Akt/mTOR signaling results in sequestration of 14-3-3σ with keratin 17 in the cytosol, which is required for translation and cell growth. Phosphorylation of keratin 17 on Ser44 may provide a docking site for 14-3-3σ binding (8).
- Moll, R. et al. (1982) Cell 31, 11-24.
- Chang, L. and Goldman, R.D. (2004) Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 5, 601-13.
- Ramaekers, F.C. and Bosman, F.T. (2004) J Pathol 204, 351-4.
- Lane, E.B. and McLean, W.H. (2004) J Pathol 204, 355-66.
- Zatloukal, K. et al. (2004) J Pathol 204, 367-76.
- Owens, D.W. and Lane, E.B. (2004) J Pathol 204, 377-85.
- Paladini, R.D. et al. (1996) J. Cell Biol. 132, 381-397.
- Kim, S. et al. (2006) Nature 441, 362-365.
- Sakamoto, K. et al. (2012) Lab Invest 92, 688-702. Applications: IHC-P (paraffin)
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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.