Product Pathways - NF-kB Signaling
RelB (C1E4) Rabbit mAb #4922
|W IP||H M R Mk||Endogenous||70||Rabbit IgG|
Reactivity Key: H=Human M=Mouse R=Rat Mk=Monkey
Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot. Species enclosed in parentheses are predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology.
Specificity / Sensitivity
RelB (C1E4) Rabbit mAb detects endogenous levels of total RelB protein.
Source / Purification
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues surrounding Ser424 of human RelB protein.
Transcription factors of the nuclear factor κ B (NF-κB)/Rel family play a pivotal role in inflammatory and immune responses (1,2). There are five family members in mammals: RelA, c-Rel, RelB, NF-κB1 (p105/p50), and NF-κB2 (p100/p52). Both p105 and p100 are proteolytically processed by the proteasome to produce p50 and p52, respectively. Rel proteins bind p50 and p52 to form dimeric complexes that bind DNA and regulate transcription. In unstimulated cells, NF-κB is sequestered in the cytoplasm by IκB inhibitory proteins (3-5). NF-κB-activating agents can induce the phosphorylation of IκB proteins, targeting them for rapid degradation through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway and releasing NF-κB to enter the nucleus where it regulates gene expression (6-8). NIK and IKKα (IKK1) regulate the phosphorylation and processing of NF-κB2 (p100) to produce p52, which translocates to the nucleus (9-11).
RelB, which is generally activated by non-canonical signaling, forms heterodimers with either p50 or p52 NF-κB subunits to regulate transcription (12,13). RelB knock out mice have significant impairments toward inflammatory responses and hematopoietic differentiation (14,15).
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- Hasler, U. et al. (2008) J Biol Chem 283, 28095-105. Applications: Western Blotting
- Xie, S. et al. (2010) J Immunol 184, 2289-96. Applications: Western Blotting
- Kwong, C. et al. (2011) J Immunol 186, 1781-9. Applications: Western Blotting
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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.