Product Pathways - Chromatin Regulation / Epigenetics
RING1B (D22F2) XP® Rabbit mAb #5694
|W IP IF-IC ChIP||H M R Mk||Endogenous||41||Rabbit IgG|
Reactivity Key: H=Human M=Mouse R=Rat Mk=Monkey
Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot. Species enclosed in parentheses are predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology.
Specificity / Sensitivity
RING1B (D22F2) XP® Rabbit mAb recognizes endogenous levels of total RING1B protein.
Source / Purification
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with recombinant protein specific to the full-length human RING1B protein.
Western blot analysis of extracts from various cell lines using RING1B (D22F2) XP® Rabbit mAb.
Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of HeLa cells using RING1B (D22F2) XP® Rabbit mAb (green). Actin filaments were labeled with DY-554 phalloidin (red). Blue pseudocolor = DRAQ5® #4084 (fluorescent DNA dye).
Chromatin immunoprecipitations were performed with cross-linked chromatin from 4 x 106 NCCIT cells and either 10 µl of RING1B (D22F2) XP® Rabbit mAb or 2 µl of Normal Rabbit IgG #2729 using SimpleChIP® Enzymatic Chromatin IP Kit (Magnetic Beads) #9003. The enriched DNA was quantified by real-time PCR using SimpleChIP® Human HoxA1 Intron 1 Primers #7707, SimpleChIP® Human HoxA2 Promoter Primers #5517, and SimpleChIP® Human α Satellite Repeat Primers #4486. The amount of immunoprecipitated DNA in each sample is represented as signal relative to the total amount of input chromatin (equivalent to one).
The polycomb group (PcG) proteins contribute to the maintenance of cell identity, stem cell self-renewal, cell-cycle regulation, and oncogenesis by maintaining the silenced state of genes that promote cell lineage specification, cell death, and cell-cycle arrest (1-4). PcG proteins exist in two complexes that cooperate to maintain long-term gene silencing through epigenetic chromatin modifications. The first complex, Eed-Ezh2, is recruited to genes by DNA-binding transcription factors and methylates histone H3 on Lys27. This histone methyltransferase activity requires the Ezh2, Eed, and Suz12 subunits of the complex (5). Methylation of Lys27 facilitates the recruitment of the second complex, PRC1, which ubiquitinates histone H2A on Lys119 (6). PRC1 is composed of Bmi1 and RING1A (also RING1 or RNF1), both of which act to enhance the E3 ubiquitin ligase activity of an additional catalytic subunit RING1B (also RING2 or RNF2) (7). PcG proteins play an important role in the regulation of cell proliferation and senescence through repression of the p16 INK4A and p19 ARF genes and are required for maintenance of adult hematopoietic and neural stem cells, as well as embryonic stem cells (3,4,8-10).
- Boyer, L.A. et al. (2006) Nature 441, 349-53.
- Lee, T.I. et al. (2006) Cell 125, 301-13.
- Park, I.K. et al. (2003) Nature 423, 302-5.
- Molofsky, A.V. et al. (2003) Nature 425, 962-7.
- Cao, R. and Zhang, Y. (2004) Mol Cell 15, 57-67.
- Wang, H. et al. (2004) Nature 431, 873-8.
- Cao, R. et al. (2005) Mol Cell 20, 845-54.
- Molofsky, A.V. et al. (2005) Genes Dev 19, 1432-7.
- Jacobs, J.J. et al. (1999) Nature 397, 164-8.
- Jacobs, J.J. et al. (1999) Genes Dev 13, 2678-90.
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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.