Product Pathways - Chromatin Regulation / Epigenetics
Bmi1 (DC9) Mouse mAb #5855
|W||H M R Mk||Endogenous||41, 43||Mouse IgG1|
Reactivity Key: H=Human M=Mouse R=Rat Mk=Monkey
Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot. Species enclosed in parentheses are predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology.
Specificity / Sensitivity
Bmi1 (DC9) Mouse mAb recognizes endogenous levels of total Bmi1 protein. This antibody detects a non-specific band around 55 kDa in some cell extracts.
Source / Purification
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with recombinant full-length human Bmi1 protein.
The polycomb group (PcG) of proteins contributes to the maintenance of cell identity, stem cell self-renewal, cell cycle regulation, and oncogenesis by maintaining the silenced state of genes that promote cell lineage specification, cell death, and cell-cycle arrest (1-4). PcG proteins exist in two complexes that cooperate to maintain long-term gene silencing through epigenetic chromatin modifications. The first complex, EED-EZH2, is recruited to genes by DNA-binding transcription factors and methylates histone H3 on Lys27. This histone methyl-transferase activity requires the Ezh2, Eed, and Suz12 subunits of the complex (5). Histone H3 methylation at Lys27 facilitates the recruitment of the second complex, PRC1, which ubiquitinylates histone H2A on Lys119 (6). Bmi1 is a component of the PRC1 complex, which together with Ring1 strongly enhances the E3 ubiquitin ligase activity of the Ring2 catalytic subunit (7). Bmi1 plays an important role in the regulation of cell proliferation and senescence through repression of the p16 INK4A and p19 ARF genes and is required for maintenance of adult hematopoietic and neural stem cells (3,4,8-10).
- Boyer, L.A. et al. (2006) Nature 441, 349-53.
- Lee, T.I. et al. (2006) Cell 125, 301-13.
- Park, I.K. et al. (2003) Nature 423, 302-5.
- Molofsky, A.V. et al. (2003) Nature 425, 962-7.
- Cao, R. and Zhang, Y. (2004) Mol Cell 15, 57-67.
- Wang, H. et al. (2004) Nature 431, 873-8.
- Cao, R. et al. (2005) Mol Cell 20, 845-54.
- Molofsky, A.V. et al. (2005) Genes Dev 19, 1432-7.
- Jacobs, J.J. et al. (1999) Nature 397, 164-8.
- Jacobs, J.J. et al. (1999) Genes Dev 13, 2678-90.
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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.