Product Pathways - NF-kB Signaling
SignalSilence® Toll-like Receptor 3 siRNA I #6236
Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot. Species enclosed in parentheses are predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology.
Western blot analysis of extracts from MCF 10A cells, transfected with 100 nM SignalSilence® Control siRNA (Unconjugated) #6568 (-) or SignalSilence® Toll-like Receptor 3 siRNA I (+), using Toll-like Receptor 3 (D10F10) Rabbit mAb #6961 (upper) or α-Tubulin (11H10) Rabbit mAb #2125 (lower). The Toll-like Receptor 3 (D10F10) Rabbit mAb confirms silencing ofToll-like Receptor 3 expression, while the α-Tubulin (11H10) Rabbit mAb is used as a loading control.
SignalSilence® Toll-like Receptor 3 siRNA I from Cell Signaling Technology (CST) allows the researcher to specifically inhibit Toll-like Receptor 3 expression using RNA interference, a method whereby gene expression can be selectively silenced through the delivery of double stranded RNA molecules into the cell. All SignalSilence® siRNA products from CST are rigorously tested in-house and have been shown to reduce target protein expression by western analysis.
Oligonucleotide synthesis is monitored base by base through trityl analysis to ensure appropriate coupling efficiency. The oligo is subsequently purified by affinity-solid phase extraction. The annealed RNA duplex is further analyzed by mass spectrometry to verify the exact composition of the duplex. Each lot is compared to the previous lot by mass spectrometry to ensure maximum lot-to-lot consistency.
Directions for Use
CST recommends transfection with 100 nM Toll-like Receptor 3 siRNA I 48 to 72 hours prior to cell lysis. For transfection procedure, follow protocol provided by the transfection reagent manufacturer. Please feel free to contact CST with any questions on use.
Each vial contains the equivalent of 100 transfections, which corresponds to a final siRNA concentration of 100 nM per transfection in a 24-well plate with a total volume of 300 μl per well.
Members of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family, named for the closely related Toll receptor in Drosophila, play a pivotal role in innate immune responses (1-4). TLRs recognize conserved motifs found in various pathogens and mediate defense responses (5-7). Triggering of the TLR pathway leads to the activation of NF-κB and subsequent regulation of immune and inflammatory genes (4). The TLRs and members of the IL-1 receptor family share a conserved stretch of approximately 200 amino acids known as the Toll/Interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) domain (1). Upon activation, TLRs associate with a number of cytoplasmic adaptor proteins containing TIR domains, including myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), MyD88-adaptor-like/TIR-associated protein (MAL/TIRAP), Toll-receptor-associated activator of interferon (TRIF), and Toll-receptor-associated molecule (TRAM) (8-10). This association leads to the recruitment and activation of IRAK1 and IRAK4, which form a complex with TRAF6 to activate TAK1 and IKK (8,11-14). Activation of IKK leads to the degradation of IκB, which normally maintains NF-κB in an inactive state by sequestering it in the cytoplasm.
- Akira, S. (2003) J Biol Chem 278, 38105-8.
- Beutler, B. (2004) Nature 430, 257-63.
- Dunne, A. and O'Neill, L.A. (2003) Sci STKE 2003, re3.
- Medzhitov, R. et al. (1997) Nature 388, 394-7.
- Schwandner, R. et al. (1999) J Biol Chem 274, 17406-9.
- Takeuchi, O. et al. (1999) Immunity 11, 443-51.
- Alexopoulou, L. et al. (2001) Nature 413, 732-8.
- Zhang, F.X. et al. (1999) J Biol Chem 274, 7611-4.
- Horng, T. et al. (2001) Nat Immunol 2, 835-41.
- Oshiumi, H. et al. (2003) Nat Immunol 4, 161-7.
- Muzio, M. et al. (1997) Science 278, 1612-5.
- Wesche, H. et al. (1997) Immunity 7, 837-47.
- Suzuki, N. et al. (2002) Nature 416, 750-6.
- Irie, T. et al. (2000) FEBS Lett 467, 160-4.
Have you published research involving the use of our products? If so we'd love to hear about it. Please let us know!
- 6568 SignalSilence® Control siRNA (Unconjugated)
- 6201 SignalSilence® Control siRNA (Fluorescein Conjugate)
- 6961 Toll-like Receptor 3 (D10F10) Rabbit mAb
Limited Use Label License, RNA interference: This product is licensed under European Patent 1144623 and foreign equivalents from Ribopharma AG, Kulmbach, Germany and is provided only for use in non-commercial research specifically excluding use (a) in drug discovery or drug development, including target identification or target validation, by or on behalf of a commercial entity, (b) for contract research or commercial screening services, (c) for the production or manufacture of siRNA-related products for sale, or (d) for the generation of commercial databases for sale to Third Parties. Information about licenses for these and other commercial uses is available from Ribopharma AG, Fritz-Hornschuch-Str. 9, D-95326 Kulmbach, Germany.
For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.