Product Pathways - Tyrosine Kinase / Adaptors
Phospho-EphA2 (Ser897) (D9A1) Rabbit mAb #6347
|W IP IHC-P||H M (R)||Endogenous||125||Rabbit IgG|
Reactivity Key: H=Human M=Mouse R=Rat
Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot. Species enclosed in parentheses are predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology.
Specificity / Sensitivity
Phospho-EphA2 (Ser897) (D9A1) Rabbit mAb recognizes endogenous levels of EphA2 protein only when phosphorylated at Ser897.
Source / Purification
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic phosphopeptide corresponding to residues surrounding Ser897 of human EphA2 protein.
Western blot analysis of extracts from SNB19 cells, serum starved overnight and left untreated (-) or treated with FBS (10%, 5 min; +), using Phospho-EphA2 (Ser897) (D9A1) Rabbit mAb (upper) or EphA2 (D4A2) XP® Rabbit mAb #6997 (lower).
Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human ovarian carcinoma, control (left) or λ phosphatase-treated (right), using Phospho-EphA2 (Ser897) (D9A1) Rabbit mAb.
Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human prostate carcinoma using Phospho-EphA2 (Ser897) (D9A1) Rabbit mAb.
The Eph receptors are the largest known family of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs). They can be divided into two groups based on sequence similarity and on their preference for a subset of ligands: EphA receptors bind to a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored ephrin A ligand; EphB receptors bind to ephrin B proteins that have a transmembrane and cytoplasmic domain (1,2). Research studies have shown that Eph receptors and ligands may be involved in many diseases including cancer (3). Both ephrin A and B ligands have dual functions. As RTK ligands, ephrins stimulate the kinase activity of Eph receptors and activate signaling pathways in receptor-expressing cells. The ephrin extracellular domain is sufficient for this function as long as it is clustered (4). The second function of ephrins has been described as "reverse signaling", whereby the cytoplasmic domain becomes tyrosine phosphorylated, allowing interactions with other proteins that may activate signaling pathways in the ligand-expressing cells (5). Various stimuli can induce tyrosine phosphorylation of ephrin B, including binding to EphB receptors, activation of Src kinase, and stimulation by PDGF and FGF (6). Tyr324 and Tyr327 have been identified as major phosphorylation sites of ephrin B1 in vivo (7).
It has been demonstrated that ligand-independent promotion of cell migration by EphA2 overexpression requires phosphorylation of EphA2 at Ser897 by Akt. On the other hand, stimulation of EphA2 by its ligand Ephrin-A1 negates Akt activation by growth factors and causes EphA2 dephosphorylation at Ser897 (8).
- Wilkinson, D.G. (2000) Int. Rev. Cytol. 196, 177-244.
- Klein, R. (2001) Curr. Opin. Cell Biol. 13, 196-203.
- Dodelet, V.C. and Pasquale, E.B. (2000) Oncogene 19, 5614-5619.
- Holder, N. and Klein, R. (1999) Development 126, 2033-2044.
- Brückner, K. et al. (1997) Science 275, 1640-1643.
- Palmer, A. et al. (2002) Mol. Cell 9, 725-737.
- Kalo, M.S. et al. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276, 38940-38948.
- Miao, H. et al. (2009) Cancer Cell 16, 9-20.
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- 7720 Prestained Protein Marker, Broad Range (Premixed Format)
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- 6997 EphA2 (D4A2) XP® Rabbit mAb
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- 8059 SignalStain® DAB Substrate Kit
For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.