Product Pathways - PathScan ELISA
PathScan® Total eIF2α Sandwich ELISA Kit #7952
When ordering five or more kits, please contact us for processing time and pricing at email@example.com.
Important Ordering Details: Product is assembled upon order to ensure maximum activity. Domestic: Please allow up to two weeks for your order to be processed and shipped. International: Please allow up to three weeks, depending on the country, for your order to be processed and shipped.
|Kit Includes||Volume||Solution Color|
|eIF2alpha Antibody Coated Microwells||96 assays|
|eIF2alpha Detection Antibody||11 ml||Green|
|Anti-rabbit IgG, HRP-linked Antibody||11 ml||Red|
|TMB Substrate #7004||11 ml||Colorless|
|STOP Solution #7002||11 ml||Colorless|
|Sealing Tape||2 sheets|
|ELISA Wash Buffer (20X)||25 ml||Colorless|
|ELISA Sample Diluent||25 ml||Blue|
|Cell Lysis Buffer (10X) #9803||15 ml||Yellowish|
Note: 12 8-well modules –Each module is designed to break apart for 8 tests.
Note: Kit should be stored at 4°C with the exception of Cell Lysis Buffer, which is stored at –20°C (packaged separately).
Species enclosed in parentheses are predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology.
The PathScan® Total eIF2α Sandwich ELISA Kit is a solid phase sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that detects endogenous levels of eIF2α protein. A eIF2α rabbit antibody has been coated onto the microwells. After incubation with cell lysates, eIF2α (phospho and nonphospho) is captured by the coated antibody. Following extensive washing, a eIF2α mouse antibody is added to detect captured eIF2α protein. Anti-rabbit IgG, HRP-linked antibody is then used to recognize the bound detection antibody. HRP substrate (TMB) is added to develop color. The magnitude of the absorbance for this developed color is proportional to the quantity of total eIF2α protein.Antibodies in kit are custom formulations specific to kit.
Specificity / Sensitivity
PathScan® Total eIF2α Sandwich ELISA Kit #7952 detects endogenous levels of total eIF2α protein in human cells, as shown in Figure 1. The kit sensitivity is shown in Figure 2. This kit detects proteins from the indicated species, as determined through in-house testing, but may also detect homologous proteins from other species.
Figure 2. The relationship between the protein concentration of lysates from Jurkat cells treated with calyculin A and pervanadate or LY294002 and the absorbance at 450 nm using PathScan® Total eIF2α Sandwich ELISA Kit is shown.
ELISA - Western correlation
Figure 1. Treatment of Jurkat cells with 100 nM Calyculin A #9902 and 1 mM pervanadate increases phosphorylation of eIF2α at Ser51, detected by the PathScan® Phospho-eIF2α (Ser51) Sandwich ELISA Kit #7948, but does not affect the levels of total eIF2α detected by PathScan® Total eIF2α Sandwich ELISA Kit #7952. The absorbance readings at 450 nm are shown in the top figure, while the corresponding western blots using eIF2α (L57A5) Mouse mAb #2103 (left panel) or Phospho-eIF2α (Ser51) (119A11) Rabbit mAb #3597 (right panel) are shown in the bottom figure.
Phosphorylation of the eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF2) α subunit is a well-documented mechanism to downregulate protein synthesis under a variety of stress conditions. eIF2 binds GTP and Met-tRNAi and transfers Met-tRNA to the 40S subunit to form the 43S preinitiation complex (1,2). eIF2 promotes a new round of translation initiation by exchanging GDP for GTP, a reaction catalyzed by eIF2B (1,2). Kinases that are activated by viral infection (PKR), endoplasmic reticulum stress (PERK/PEK), amino acid deprivation (GCN2), or heme deficiency (HRI) can phosphorylate the α subunit of eIF2 (3,4). This phosphorylation stabilizes the eIF2-GDP-eIF2B complex and inhibits the turnover of eIF2B. Induction of PKR by IFN-γ and TNF-α induces potent phosphorylation of eIF2α at Ser51 (5,6).
- Kimball, S.R. (1999) Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol. 31, 25-29.
- De Haro, C. et al. (1996) FASEB J. 10, 1378-1387.
- Kaufman, R.J. (1999) Genes Dev. 13, 1211-1233.
- Sheikh, M.S. and Fornace Jr., A.J. (1999) Oncogene 18, 6121-6128.
- Cheshire, J.L. et al. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 4801-4806.
- Zamanian-Daryoush, M. et al. (2000) Mol. Cell. Biol. 20, 1278-1290.
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- 7286 PathScan® Phospho-eIF2α (Ser51) Sandwich ELISA Kit
- 3597 Phospho-eIF2α (Ser51) (119A11) Rabbit mAb
- 9721 Phospho-eIF2α (Ser51) Antibody
- 5324 eIF2α (D7D3) XP® Rabbit mAb
- 2103 eIF2α (L57A5) Mouse mAb
- 9722 eIF2α Antibody
- 9803 Cell Lysis Buffer (10X)
- 9808 Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS-20X)
- 9809 Phosphate Buffered Saline with Tween 20 (PBST-20X)
- 7004 TMB Substrate
- 7002 STOP Solution
For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.