Product Pathways - Tyrosine Kinase / Adaptors
- Molecular Formula:
- C21H16ClF3N4O3 • C7H8O3S
- Molecular Weight:
- 637.03 g/mol
Directions for Use
Sorafenib is supplied as a lyophilized powder. For a 10 mM stock, reconstitute the 10 mg in 1.57 ml DMSO. Working concentrations and length of treatment can vary depending on the desired effect, but it is typically used as a pretreatment at 0.1-10 µM for 0.5-2 hr prior to treating with a stimulator. It can also be used alone, with varying treatment times lasting up to 24 hr. Soluble in DMSO at 200 mg/ml; very poorly soluble in ethanol and water with maximum solubility in water ~10-20 µM.
Western blot analysis of extracts from NIH/3T3 cells, serum-starved overnight and untreated or treated with hPDGF-BB #8912 (100 ng/ml, 5 min) either with or without sorafenib pre-treatment (1 µM, 2 hr), using Phospho-PDGF Receptor β (Tyr1009) (42F9) Rabbit mAb #3124 (upper) or PDGF Receptor β (28E1) Rabbit mAb #3169 (lower).
Sorafenib, also known as Bay 43-9006, is a novel multikinase inhibitor that targets the RAF family of serine/threonine kinases and tyrosine kinase receptors involved in tumor progression and tumor angiogenesis, including: VEGFR-2 (IC50 = 90 nM), VEGFR-3 (IC50 = 20 nM), PDGFR- (IC50 = 57 nM), c-KIT (IC50 = 68 nM), and Flt3 (IC50 = 58 nM) (1). Research studies have demonstrated that sorafenib induces apoptosis in several tumor cell lines through the down-regulation of the antiapoptotic protein myeloid cell leukemia-1 (Mcl-1). Down-regulation of Mcl-1 by sorafenib is associated with the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria into the cytosol and caspase activation, leading to apoptotic cell death (2). STAT3 inhibition by sorafenib has been observed in multiple cell types (3-5).
- Wilhelm, S.M. et al. (2004) Cancer Res 64, 7099-109.
- Yu, C. et al. (2005) Oncogene 24, 6861-9.
- Zhao, W. et al. (2011) Anticancer Drugs 22, 79-88.
- Huang, S. and Sinicrope, F.A. (2010) Mol Cancer Ther 9, 742-50.
- Yang, F. et al. (2008) Mol Cancer Ther 7, 3519-26.
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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.