Product Pathways - Metabolism
Phospho-AS160 (Thr642) (D27E6) Rabbit mAb #8881
|W||H M||Endogenous||160||Rabbit IgG|
Reactivity Key: H=Human M=Mouse
Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot. Species enclosed in parentheses are predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology.
Specificity / Sensitivity
Phospho-AS160 (Thr642) (D27E6) Rabbit mAb recognizes endogenous levels of AS160 protein only when phosphorylated at Thr642.
Source / Purification
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic phosphopeptide corresponding to residues surrounding Thr642 of human AS160 protein.
Western blot analysis of extracts from serum starved HeLa cells, untreated (-) or insulin-treated (150 nM, 15 min), using Phospho-AS160 (Thr642) (D27E6) Rabbit mAb (upper) or AS160 (C69A7) Rabbit mAb #2670 (lower). The phospho-specificity of the antibody is verified by λ phosphatase treatment.
Insulin is a major hormone controlling critical energy functions, such as glucose and lipid metabolism. Insulin binds to and activates the insulin receptor (IR) tyrosine kinase, which phosphorylates and recruits adaptor proteins. The signaling pathway initiated by insulin and its receptor stimulates glucose uptake in muscle cells and adipocytes through translocation of the Glut4 glucose transporter from the cytoplasm to the plasma membrane (1). A 160 kDa substrate of the Akt Ser/Thr kinase (AS160, TBC1D4) is a Rab GTPase-activating protein that regulates insulin-stimulated Glut4 trafficking. AS160 is expressed in many tissues including brain, kidney, liver, and brown and white fat (2). Multiple Akt phosphorylation sites have been identified on AS160 in vivo, with five sites (Ser318, Ser570, Ser588, Thr642, and Thr751) showing increased phosphorylation following insulin treatment (2,3). Studies using recombinant AS160 demonstrate that insulin-stimulated phosphorylation of AS160 is a crucial step in Glut4 translocation (3) and is reduced in some patients with type 2 diabetes (4). The interaction of 14-3-3 regulatory proteins with AS160 phosphorylated at Thr642 is a necessary step for Glut4 translocation (5). Phosphorylation of AS160 by AMPK is involved in the regulation of contraction-stimulated Glut4 translocation (6).
- Watson, R.T. and Pessin, J.E. (2006) Trends Biochem. Sci. 31, 215-222.
- Kane, S. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277, 22115-22118.
- Sano, H. et al. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278, 14599-14602.
- Karlsson, H.K. et al. (2005) Diabetes 54, 1692-1697.
- Ramm, G. et al. (2006) J. Biol. Chem. 281, 29174-29180.
- Kramer, H.F. et al. (2006) J. Biol. Chem. 281, 31478-31485.
Have you published research involving the use of our products? If so we'd love to hear about it. Please let us know!
- 4288 Phospho-AS160 (Thr642) Antibody
- 8619 Phospho-AS160 (Ser318) (D3D11) Rabbit mAb
- 8730 Phospho-AS160 (Ser588) (D8E4) Rabbit mAb
- 2670 AS160 (C69A7) Rabbit mAb
- 2447 AS160 Antibody
- 5929 TBC1D1 (G689) Antibody
- 4629 TBC1D1 (V796) Antibody
- 6928 Phospho-TBC1D1 (Ser660) Antibody
- 6929 Phospho-TBC1D1 (Ser700) Antibody
- 6927 Phospho-TBC1D1 (Thr590) Antibody
- 2213 Glut4 (1F8) Mouse mAb
- 2400 Synip (C51G6) Rabbit mAb
- 9997 Tris Buffered Saline with Tween 20 (TBST-10X)
- 9998 BSA
- 9999 Nonfat Dry Milk
- 7071 Phototope®-HRP Western Blot Detection System, Anti-rabbit IgG, HRP-linked Antibody
- 7074 Anti-rabbit IgG, HRP-linked Antibody
- 7720 Prestained Protein Marker, Broad Range (Premixed Format)
- 7727 Biotinylated Protein Ladder Detection Pack
- 7003 20X LumiGLO® Reagent and 20X Peroxide
For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.