Product Pathways - Protein Stability
APC3 Antibody #9063
|9063S||100 µl (10 western blots)||---||In Stock||---|
|9063||carrier free and custom formulation / quantity||email request|
Already purchased this product? Write a Review.
|W||1:1000||Human, Mouse, Rat, Monkey||Endogenous||97||Rabbit|
Species cross-reactivity is determined by western blot.
Applications Key: W=Western Blotting
Species predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology: Hamster, Xenopus, Bovine, Dog, Pig, Guinea Pig, Horse.
Specificity / Sensitivity
APC3 Antibody recognizes endogenous levels of total APC3 protein. This antibody does not cross-react with either APC8/CDC23 or APC6/CDC16.
Source / Purification
Polyclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues near the carboxy terminus of human APC3 protein. Antibodies are purified by protein A and peptide affinity chromatography.
Western blot analysis of extracts from asynchronous and mitotic HeLa cells using APC3 Antibody. The observed decrease in APC3 electrophorectic mobility in mitotic HeLa extracts is indicative of APC3 hyperphosphorylation.
Western blot analysis of extracts from 293T cells, either mock transfected (-) or transfected with a construct expressing Myc/DDK-tagged full-length human APC3 (hAPC3-Myc/DDK; +), using APC3 Antibody.
Cell proliferation in all eukaryotic cells depends strictly upon the ubiquitin ligase (E3) activity of the anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C), whose main function is to trigger the transition of the cell cycle from metaphase to anaphase. APC/C is a 1.5 MDa protein complex found in the nucleus of interphase cells. This complex diffuses throughout the cytoplasm and associates with parts of the spindle apparatus during mitosis. APC/C performs its various functions by promoting the assembly of polyubiquitin chains on substrate proteins, which targets these proteins for degradation by the 26S proteasome (1,2). In humans, twelve different APC/C subunits have been identified. Like all E3 enzymes, APC/C utilizes ubiquitin residues that have been activated by E1 enzymes and then transferred to E2 enzymes. Indeed APC/C has been shown to transiently interact with UBCH5 and UBCH10 E2 enzymes, in part, via the RING-finger domain-containing subunit, APC11 (3-5). In addition to E2 enzymes, APC/C activity is also strictly dependent upon one of several cofactors that associate with APC/C during specific phases of the cell cycle. The best studied of these are Cdc20 and Cdh1/FZR1, which contain a C-terminal WD40 domain and participate in the recognition of APC/C substrates by interacting with specific recognition elements in these substrates (6), called D-boxes (7) and KEN-boxes (8).
Anaphase-promoting complex subunit 3 (APC3) is the human homolog of Saccharomyces cerevisiae CDC27 (9) and, like APC8/CDC23 and APC6/CDC16, is a component of the tetratricopeptide (TPR) subcomplex of the APC/C. It has been demonstrated that the binding of Cdh1/FZR1 to the APC/C depends upon the presence of APC3, implying that APC/C is activated by the association of Cdh1/FZR1 with APC3, which enables APC/C to recognize the D-box of substrates (10,11). APC3 has been shown to be localized to the centrosome at all stages of the mammalian cell cycle, and to the mitotic spindle, suggesting that APC3 plays a critical role for the transition from metaphase to anaphase during mitosis (12). During mitosis, APC3 becomes phosphorylated at numerous sites. This is predicted to change the surface charge distribution significantly such that these modifications could either induce structural changes within the APC/C by altering subunit-subunit interactions or they could change the affinity for molecules that only transiently associate with the APC/C, such as Cdh1/FZR1 (13,14).
- Qiao, X. et al. (2010) Cell Cycle 9, 3904-12.
- Harper, J.W. et al. (2002) Genes Dev 16, 2179-206.
- Carroll, C.W. and Morgan, D.O. (2002) Nat Cell Biol 4, 880-7.
- Gmachl, M. et al. (2000) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97, 8973-8.
- Leverson, J.D. et al. (2000) Mol Biol Cell 11, 2315-25.
- Kraft, C. et al. (2005) Mol Cell 18, 543-53.
- Glotzer, M. et al. (1991) Nature 349, 132-8.
- Pfleger, C.M. and Kirschner, M.W. (2000) Genes Dev 14, 655-65.
- Tugendreich, S. et al. (1993) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 90, 10031-5.
- Kraft, C. et al. (2005) Mol Cell 18, 543-53.
- Vodermaier, H.C. et al. (2003) Curr Biol 13, 1459-68.
- Tugendreich, S. et al. (1995) Cell 81, 261-8.
- Topper, L.M. et al. Cell Cycle 1, 282-92.
- Kraft, C. et al. (2003) EMBO J 22, 6598-609.
Have you published research involving the use of our products? If so we'd love to hear about it. Please let us know!
- 4823 CDC20 Antibody
- 9499 APC6 (D8D8) Rabbit mAb
- 7071 Phototope®-HRP Western Blot Detection System, Anti-rabbit IgG, HRP-linked Antibody
- 7074 Anti-rabbit IgG, HRP-linked Antibody
- 7720 Prestained Protein Marker, Broad Range (Premixed Format)
- 7727 Biotinylated Protein Ladder Detection Pack
- 7003 20X LumiGLO® Reagent and 20X Peroxide
- 9998 BSA
- 9999 Nonfat Dry Milk
For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
Cell Signaling Technology® is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.