Product Pathways - Motif Antibodies
Phospho-(Ser/Thr) Kinase Substrate Antibody Sampler Kit #9920
|9920S||1 Kit (6 x 40 µl)||---||In Stock||---|
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|Kit Includes||Quantity||Applications||Reactivity||MW (kDa)||Isotype|
|Phospho-Akt Substrate (RXXS*/T*) (110B7E) Rabbit mAb #9614||40 µl||W, IP, IHC-P, E-P||H, M, Dm, All||Rabbit IgG|
|Phospho-PKA Substrate (RRXS*/T*) (100G7E) Rabbit mAb #9624||40 µl||W, IP, E-P||Dm, All||Rabbit IgG|
|Phospho-(Ser/Thr) ATM/ATR Substrate Antibody #2851||40 µl||W, IP, IHC-P, E-P||H, Mk, All||Rabbit|
|Phospho-(Ser) PKC Substrate Antibody #2261||40 µl||W, IP, E-P||All||Rabbit|
|Phospho-(Ser) CDKs Substrate (P-S2-100) Rabbit mAb #9477||40 µl||W, IP, E-P||All||Rabbit IgG|
|Phospho-(Ser/Thr) AMPK Substrate (P-S/T2-102) Rabbit mAb #5759||40 µl||W, IP, E-P||All||Rabbit IgG|
|Anti-rabbit IgG, HRP-linked Antibody #7074||100 µl||Goat|
Applications Key: W=Western Blotting, IP=Immunoprecipitation, IHC-P=Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin), E-P=ELISA (Peptide)
Reactivity Key: H=Human, M=Mouse, Dm=D. melanogaster, All=All Species Expected, Mk=Monkey
Western blot analysis of whole cell lysates of Jurkat cells untreated and treated with PMA (50 ng/ml) and ionomycin (1 µM) for 20 minutes prior to lysis. Proteins were separated by 2D electrophoresis prior to blotting and probed with Phospho-(Ser) PKC Substrate Antibody #2261.
Western blot analysis of whole cell lysates from Jurkat cells untreated and treated with 1 µg/ml nocodazole for 12 hours prior to lysis, using Phospho-(Thr) MAPK/CDK Substrate mAb #2321. Proteins were separated by 2D electrophoresis prior to blotting.
Chk2 transfected and UV treated COS cell extracts immunoprecipitated with Chk2 antibody then detected by Western blotting using Phospho-(Ser/Thr) ATM/ATR Substrate Antibody #2851.
Western blot analysis of extracts from H1650 cells, untreated or treated with phenformin (5 mM, 1 hr), using Phospho-(Ser/Thr) AMPK Substrate (P-S/T2-102) Rabbit mAb #5759. Western blot was imaged using Odyssey® Infrared Imaging System (LI-COR® Biosciences).
Western blot analysis of extracts from COS-7 cells, synchronized in G1/S, G2/M, and G0 phase of the cell cycle, using Phospho-(Ser) CDKs Substrate (P-S2-100) Rabbit mAb.
Western blot analysis of extracts from serum-starved NIH/3T3 cells, phosphorylated in vitro with Akt kinase, or treated in culture with PDGF or FBS/Calyculin A, using Phospho-(Ser/Thr) Substrate (110B7E) Rabbit mAb #9614.
Western blot analysis of extracts from serum-starved A431 cells, phosphorylated in vitro with PKA kinase or treated in culture with forskolin/IBMX, using Phospho-PKA Substrate (RRXS*/T*) (100G7E) Rabbit mAb #9624. Lysis buffer: 1.0% Triton X-100 (lanes 1 and 2), 2.0% SDS (lanes 3 and 4).
Phospho-(Ser) PKC Substrate Antibody #2261 ELISA assay: Signal-to-noise ratio of phospho- versus nonphospho-peptides. (S* denotes phosphorylated serine.)
Phospho-(Ser/Thr) ATM/ATR Substrate Antibody #2851 ELISA assay: Signal-to-noise ratio of phospho- versus nonphospho-peptides. (S* or T* denote phosphorylated serine or threonine.)
Phospho-(Ser/Thr) Akt Substrate (110B7E) mAb #9614 ELISA assay: Signal-to-noise ratio of phospho- versus nonphospho-peptides. (T* and S* denote phosphorylated threonine and serine.)
Phospho-(Ser/Thr) Kinase Substrate Antibody Sampler Kit contains 40 µl of each polyclonal primary antibody [Phospho-(Ser) PKC Substrate Antibody and Phospho-(Ser/Thr) ATM/ATR Substrate Antibody], 40 µl each of Phospho-(Ser) CDKs Substrate (P-S2-100) Rabbit mAb, Phospho-(Ser/Thr) Akt Monoclonal Substrate Antibody, Phospho-(Ser/Thr) PKA Substrate Antibody, and Phospho-(Ser/Thr) AMPK Substrate (P-S/T2-102) Rabbit mAb.
Specificity / Sensitivity
Each antibody detects endogenous levels of phospho-(Ser/Thr) proteins of specific kinase substrate groups.
Phospho-(Ser/Thr) Akt Substrate (110B7E) Rabbit mAb preferentially recognizes peptides and proteins containing phospho-serine/threonine preceded by arginine at positions -5 and -3, in a manner largely independent of the surrounding amino acid sequence. Some cross-reactivity is observed for peptides that contain phospho-serine/threonine preceded by arginine at position -3 . No cross-reactivity is observed with the corresponding nonphosphorylated sequences or with other phospho-serine/threonine-containing motifs. By ELISA, the antibody recognizes a wide range of peptides with phospho-threonine or Phospho-serine with arginine at -3 and -5 position.
Phospho-(Ser) PKC Substrate Antibody detects endogenous levels of many cellular proteins only when phosphorylated at serine residues surrounded by Arg or Lys at the -2 and +2 positions and a hydrophobic residue at the +1 position. The antibody does not cross-react with nonphosphorylated serine residues, with phospho-threonine in the same motif, or with phospho-serine in other motifs.
Phospho-PKA Substrate (RRXS*/T*) (100G7E) Rabbit mAb detects peptides and proteins containing a phospho-Ser/Thr residue with arginine at the -3 and -2 positions. It is a useful tool in identifying new substrates of PKA. The antibody recognizes other -3 arginine-bearing phospho-Ser/Thr peptides, such as substrate motifs for Akt and PKC, to a lesser extent. It does not recognize the nonphosphorylated substrate motif peptides.
Phospho-(Ser/Thr) AMPK Substrate (P-S/T2-102) Rabbit mAb preferentially recognizes endogenous proteins and peptides bearing the LXRXXpS/pT motif. The antibody also cross-reacts with proteins and peptides that only harbor an RXXpS/pT motif.
Phospho-(Ser) CDKs Substrate (P-S2-100) Rabbit mAb recognizes phospho-serine in a KS*P motif. The antibody does not cross-react with phospho-threonine or phospho-tyrosine containing peptides/proteins.
Phospho-(Ser/Thr) ATM/ATR Substrate Antibody detects endogenous levels of proteins containing the ATM/ATR substrate motif. This antibody preferentially binds peptides and proteins that contain phospho-Ser/Thr preceded by Leu or similar hydrophobic amino acids at the -1 position and followed by Gln at the +1 position. The antibody does not cross-react with corresponding nonphosphorylated sequences or with other phospho-Ser/Thr-containing motifs.
Source / Purification
Polyclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with phosphopeptides containing the kinase substrate motif and purified by protein A and peptide affinity chromatography.
Monoclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with synthetic phosphopeptides .
Phospho-(Ser/Thr) kinases and phosphatases play critical roles in a wide range of biological processes. Each phospho-(Ser/Thr) kinase phosphorylates serine or threonine within a specific motif. Akt phosphorylates substrates at a serine or threonine only in a conserved motif characterized by arginine at positions -5 and -3 (1). Conventional PKC isozymes phosphorylate substrates containing serine or threonine, with arginine or lysine at the -3, -2 and +2 positions, and a hydrophobic amino acid at position +1 (2,3). A consensus phosphorylation site of PKA is serine or threonine with arginine at the -2 and -3 positions (3). AMPK phosphorylates consensus motif (L/M)XRXX(S/T)XXXL (6). Antibodies recognizing the LXRXX(S/T) motif are very useful in the identification of AMPK substrates. The consensus amino acid sequence for CDK substrate is (K/R)(S*)PX(K/R), where denotes any one of the 20 amino acids and S* is the phosphorylation site (4-6). ATM and the related kinase ATR phosphorylate serine or threonine in an S*/T*Q motif (7,8).
Antibodies specific to particular kinase substrates are invaluable reagents in determining kinase activity and identifying potential new kinase substrates. CST has developed antibodies that recognize phosphorylated serine or threonine within the context of a protein motif that is phosphorylated by Akt, PKC, PKA, MAPK/CDK, CDKs or ATM/ATR. As shown by peptide pairing ELISA, each phospho-(Ser/Thr) kinase substrate antibody in this sampler kit is specific to its kinase substrate motif.
- Alessi, D.R. et al. (1996) FEBS Lett 399, 333-8.
- Nishikawa, K. et al. (1997) J Biol Chem 272, 952-60.
- Pearson, R.B. and Kemp, B.E. (1991) Methods Enzymol 200, 62-81.
- Songyang, Z. et al. (1996) Mol Cell Biol 16, 6486-93.
- Songyang, Z. (1999) Prog Biophys Mol Biol 71, 359-72.
- Holmes, J.K. and Solomon, M.J. (1996) J Biol Chem 271, 25240-6.
- Kastan, M.B. and Lim, D.S. (2000) Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 1, 179-86.
- Zhao, H. and Piwnica-Worms, H. (2001) Mol Cell Biol 21, 4129-39.
- Xu, W. et al. (2003) Cancer Res 63, 7777-84. Applications: Western Blotting.
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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
Cell Signaling Technology® is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
Select rabbit monoclonal antibodies are developed, validated, and produced at CST using in part technology under license (granting certain rights including those under U.S. Patents No. 5,675,063 and in some instances 7,429,487) from Epitomics, Inc.
Use of Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Motif Antibodies within certain methods (e.g., U.S. Patents No. 7,198,896 and 7,300,753) may require a license from CST. For information regarding academic licensing terms please have your technology transfer office contact CST Legal Department at CST_ip@cellsignal.com. For information regarding commercial licensing terms please contact CST Pharma Services Department at email@example.com.