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REACTIVITY MW (kDa)

Figure 1: Schematic representation of the position of targets in a single well.

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Figure 2: NIH/3T3 cells were starved and stimulated with PDGF (100 ng/ml) for 5 minutes at 37ºC. Lysates were analyzed using the PathScan® Signaling Nodes II 4-Plex Array Kit. Luminescent signals were acquired using a Quansys Biosciences imager. Spot intensity was quantified using Q-View™ software. The bar graph shows measurements of four different target proteins. Corresponding Western blots obtained with the same cell lysates are shown at the bottom.

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Figure 3: Cell extracts from unstimulated or stimulated NIH/3T3 cells were applied to wells at increasing total protein concentrations and analyzed. Luminescent signals were acquired and spot intensity quantified. The graphs show the relationship between the total protein concentration and the resulting strength of the luminescent signal for each target.

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Product Includes Quantity
Microtiter well plate with four capture antibodies per well 1 96 well plate
Sample Diluent Buffer 10 ml
ELISA Wash Buffer (20X) 25 ml
Detection Ab mix 5.5 ml
HRP-linked Streptavidin Solution 5.5 ml
Sealing Tape 2 sheets
Chemiluminescent substrate 5.5 ml each
Cell Lysis Buffer (10X) 9803 10 ml

Product Usage Information

Storage: Kit should be stored at 4°C with the exception of Lysis Buffer, which is stored at –20°C (packaged separately).

Product Description

CST’s PathScan® Signaling Nodes II 4-Plex Array Kit is based upon the sandwich ELISA principle. Rather than one immobilized antibody, these PathScan® 4-Plex Array Kits contain four different antibodies in each well of a 96-well plate. This allows the researcher to measure four different target proteins from a single well simultaneously. In addition, the incorporation of multiple phospho-specific antibody pairs allows the researcher to measure the activation state of important signaling nodes. The PathScan® Signaling Nodes II 4-Plex Array Kit allows the detection of: Phospho-Akt1 (Ser473); Phospho-MEK1 (Ser217/221); Phospho-p44 MAPK (Thr202/Tyr204); and Total Akt1.

Briefly, 4 capture antibodies with distinct target specificity have been spotted onto the bottom of each well of a microwell plate. After incubation with cell lysates, the spotted antibodies capture the target proteins. Following extensive washing, a mixture of detection antibodies is added to detect the captured target proteins. An HRP-linked secondary solution is then used to recognize the bound detection antibodies. Chemiluminescent HRP substrate is used to produce luminescent signal.


Specificity / Sensitivity

PathScan® Signaling Nodes II 4-Plex Array Kit detects endogenous levels of all target proteins. As shown in Figure 2, stimulation of NIH/3T3 cells with PDGF promotes phosphorylation of Akt at Ser473, p44 MAP kinase at Thr202/Tyr204 and MEK1 on Ser217/221. Levels of total Akt1 remain unchanged.


Cells must respond in an appropriate fashion to many complex signaling events. Extracellular signaling cues are organized into well defined signal transduction modules that control fundamental cellular behavior. Two prominent signaling modules that are among the best characterized are the p44/42 MAP kinase (ERK MAPK) and Akt signal transduction pathways. These signaling modules control cellular growth, proliferation, movement, survival, and death. The p44/42 MAPK is activated by a wide variety of extracellular signals including growth and neurotrophic factors, cytokiones, hormones, and neurotransmitters. p44/42 MAPK activation occurs through phosphorylation of theronine and tyrosine at the sequence T*EY* by a dual specificity kinase called MAP kinase kinase (MEK). The Akt protein kinase is generally activated in response to growth factor stimulation and phosphorylated on Ser473. Growth factor stimulation results in phosphorylation of S6 Ribosomal protein on Ser235/236, leading to an increase in protein synthesis and cell cycle progression. Phosphorylation levels of critical molecular switches such as MAPKs and Akt therefore serve as a reliable indicator of the activation state of the entire signaling module. The profiling of phosphorlation events using phospho-specific antibodies is now widely used to investigate diagnostic pathology (1,2). The PathScan® Signaling Nodes II 4-Plex Array Kit provides the researcher with means to profile numerous chemical compounds and obtain in-cell relative potency (3).


1.  Sheehan, K.M. et al. (2008) Oncogene 27, 323-31.

2.  Kreisberg, J.I. et al. (2004) Cancer Res 64, 5232-6.

3.  Gechtman Z. (2006) American Drug Discovery 1:1, 44-52


Entrez-Gene Id 207, 208, 10000, 5595, 5594, 5604, 5605
Swiss-Prot Acc. P31749, P31751, Q9Y243, P27361, P28482, Q02750, P36507

Protein Specific References

Germack R and Dickenson JM (2000) Br J Pharmacol 130, 867–74

Wick MJ et al. (2000) J Biol Chem 275, 40400–6

Rane MJ et al. (2001) J Biol Chem 276, 3517–23

Guizzetti M and Costa LG (2001) Neuroreport 12, 1639–42

Brognard J et al. (2001) Cancer Res 61, 3986–97

Maira SM et al. (2001) Science 294, 374–80

Schönherr E et al. (2001) J Biol Chem 276, 40687–92

Hill MM et al. (2001) J Biol Chem 276, 25643–6

Dhawan P et al. (2002) Cancer Res 62, 7335–42

Conus NM et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 38021–8

Sano H et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 19439–47

Egawa K et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 38863–9

Kisseleva MV et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 6266–72

Barry FA and Gibbins JM (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 12874–8

Ikonomov OC et al. (2002) Endocrinology 143, 4742–54

Rani MR et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 38456–61

Ho R et al. (2002) Cancer Res 62, 6462–6

Wan X and Helman LJ (2003) Oncogene 22, 8205–11

Fukuda T et al. (2003) J Biol Chem 278, 51324–33

Kim HH et al. (2003) FASEB J 17, 2163–5

Min YH et al. (2004) Cancer Res 64, 5225–31

Tazzari PL et al. (2004) Br J Haematol 126, 675–81

Matsuzaki H et al. (2004) Biochemistry 43, 4284–93

Wolfrum S et al. (2004) Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 24, 1842–7

Kaneko Y et al. (2004) J Cell Sci 117, 407–15

Esfandiarei M et al. (2004) J Virol 78, 4289–98

Baudhuin LM et al. (2004) FASEB J 18, 341–3

Dietze EC et al. (2004) Oncogene 23, 3851–62

Wu T et al. (2004) Mol Cancer Ther 3, 299–307

Honjo S et al. (2005) DNA Cell Biol 24, 141–7

Karlsson HK et al. (2005) Diabetes 54, 1459–67

Viniegra JG et al. (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 4029–36

Le XF et al. (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 2092–104

Smith E and Frenkel B (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 2388–94

Edwards LA et al. (2005) Oncogene 24, 3596–605

Karlsson HK et al. (2005) Diabetes 54, 1692–7

Kippenberger S et al. (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 3060–7

Jung HS et al. (2005) Mol Endocrinol 19, 2748–59

Khundmiri SJ et al. (2006) Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 291, C1247–57

Hers I and (2007) Blood 110, 4243–52

Ananthanarayanan B et al. (2007) J Biol Chem 282, 36634–41

Zunder ER et al. (2008) Cancer Cell 14, 180–92

Grenegård M et al. (2008) J Biol Chem 283, 18493–504

Abubaker J et al. (2009) Mol Cancer 8, 51

Chen PL and Easton AS (2011) Curr Neurovasc Res 8, 14–24

Van Aller GS et al. (2011) Biochem Biophys Res Commun 406, 194–9

Uesugi A et al. (2011) Cancer Res 71, 5765–78

Ou YH et al. (2011) Mol Cell 41, 458–70

Wang S et al. (2012) PLoS One 7, e37427

Glidden EJ et al. (2012) J Biol Chem 287, 581–8

Shih MC et al. (2012) Oncogene 31, 2389–400

Misra UK and Pizzo SV (2012) J Cell Biochem 113, 1488–500

Germack R and Dickenson JM (2000) Br J Pharmacol 130, 867–74

Wick MJ et al. (2000) J Biol Chem 275, 40400–6

Rane MJ et al. (2001) J Biol Chem 276, 3517–23

Guizzetti M and Costa LG (2001) Neuroreport 12, 1639–42

Brognard J et al. (2001) Cancer Res 61, 3986–97

Maira SM et al. (2001) Science 294, 374–80

Schönherr E et al. (2001) J Biol Chem 276, 40687–92

Hill MM et al. (2001) J Biol Chem 276, 25643–6

Dhawan P et al. (2002) Cancer Res 62, 7335–42

Conus NM et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 38021–8

Sano H et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 19439–47

Egawa K et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 38863–9

Kisseleva MV et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 6266–72

Barry FA and Gibbins JM (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 12874–8

Ikonomov OC et al. (2002) Endocrinology 143, 4742–54

Rani MR et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 38456–61

Ho R et al. (2002) Cancer Res 62, 6462–6

Wan X and Helman LJ (2003) Oncogene 22, 8205–11

Fukuda T et al. (2003) J Biol Chem 278, 51324–33

Kim HH et al. (2003) FASEB J 17, 2163–5

Min YH et al. (2004) Cancer Res 64, 5225–31

Tazzari PL et al. (2004) Br J Haematol 126, 675–81

Matsuzaki H et al. (2004) Biochemistry 43, 4284–93

Wolfrum S et al. (2004) Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 24, 1842–7

Kaneko Y et al. (2004) J Cell Sci 117, 407–15

Esfandiarei M et al. (2004) J Virol 78, 4289–98

Baudhuin LM et al. (2004) FASEB J 18, 341–3

Dietze EC et al. (2004) Oncogene 23, 3851–62

Wu T et al. (2004) Mol Cancer Ther 3, 299–307

Honjo S et al. (2005) DNA Cell Biol 24, 141–7

Karlsson HK et al. (2005) Diabetes 54, 1459–67

Viniegra JG et al. (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 4029–36

Le XF et al. (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 2092–104

Smith E and Frenkel B (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 2388–94

Edwards LA et al. (2005) Oncogene 24, 3596–605

Karlsson HK et al. (2005) Diabetes 54, 1692–7

Kippenberger S et al. (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 3060–7

Jung HS et al. (2005) Mol Endocrinol 19, 2748–59

Khundmiri SJ et al. (2006) Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 291, C1247–57

Hers I and (2007) Blood 110, 4243–52

Ananthanarayanan B et al. (2007) J Biol Chem 282, 36634–41

Zunder ER et al. (2008) Cancer Cell 14, 180–92

Grenegård M et al. (2008) J Biol Chem 283, 18493–504

Abubaker J et al. (2009) Mol Cancer 8, 51

Chen PL and Easton AS (2011) Curr Neurovasc Res 8, 14–24

Van Aller GS et al. (2011) Biochem Biophys Res Commun 406, 194–9

Uesugi A et al. (2011) Cancer Res 71, 5765–78

Ou YH et al. (2011) Mol Cell 41, 458–70

Wang S et al. (2012) PLoS One 7, e37427

Glidden EJ et al. (2012) J Biol Chem 287, 581–8

Shih MC et al. (2012) Oncogene 31, 2389–400

Misra UK and Pizzo SV (2012) J Cell Biochem 113, 1488–500

Johnson AL et al. (2001) Biol Reprod 64, 1566–74

Zhang M and Riedel H (2009) J Cell Biochem 107, 65–75

Johnson AL et al. (2001) Biol Reprod 64, 1566–74

Zhang M and Riedel H (2009) J Cell Biochem 107, 65–75

Syme CA et al. (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 11281–8

Syme CA et al. (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 11281–8

Li Z et al. (2001) J Biol Chem 276, 42226–32

Li Z et al. (2001) J Biol Chem 276, 42226–32

Bondzi C et al. (2000) Oncogene 19, 5030–3

Bondzi C et al. (2000) Oncogene 19, 5030–3

Data Sheets & Documentation


For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
Cell Signaling Technology® is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
PathScan® is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.