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REACTIVITY MW (kDa)

Figure 1. Target map of the PathScan® Akt Signaling Antibody Array Kit (Fluorescent Readout) #9700.

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Figure 2. MCF7 cells were grown to 85% confluency and then serum starved overnight. Cells were either untreated or treated with Human Insulin-like Growth Factor I (hIGF-I) #8917 (100 ng/ml, 20 min). Cell extracts were prepared and analyzed using the PathScan® Akt Signaling Antibody Array Kit (Fluorescent Readout) #9700. Panel A shows images that were acquired using the LI-COR® Biosciences Odyssey® imaging system. Panel B shows quantification of results. Pixel intensity was quantified using the LI-COR® Image Studio v2.0 array analysis software.

Learn more about how we get our images

Figure 3. A-431 cells were grown to 85% confluency and then serum starved overnight. Cells were either untreated or treated with Human Epidermal Growth Factor (hEGF) #8916 (100 ng/ml, 5 min). Cell extracts were prepared and analyzed using the PathScan® Akt Signaling Antibody Array Kit (Fluorescent Readout) #9700. Panel A shows images that were acquired using the LI-COR® Biosciences Odyssey® imaging system. Panel B shows quantification of results. Pixel intensity was quantified using the LI-COR® Image Studio v2.0 array analysis software.

Learn more about how we get our images
Image
Product Includes Quantity
Array Slides - Akt Signaling Array 2 Ea
16-Well Gasket 2 Ea
Sealing Tape 2 sheets
20X Array Wash Buffer 15 ml
Array Blocking Buffer 5 ml
Array Diluent Buffer 15 ml
Detection Antibody Cocktail (10X) 300 µl
DyLight 680TM-linked Streptavidin (10X) 300 µl
PathScan® Sandwich ELISA Lysis Buffer (1X) 7018 30 ml

Product Usage Information

Storage: Kit should be stored at 4°C with the exception of Lysis Buffer, which is stored at –20°C (packaged separately).

Product Description

The PathScan® Akt Signaling Antibody Array Kit (Fluorescent Readout) uses glass slides as the planar surface and is based upon the sandwich immunoassay principle. The array kit allows for the simultaneous detection of 16 phosphorylated proteins predominantly belonging to the Akt signaling network. Target-specific capture antibodies have been spotted in duplicate onto nitrocellulose-coated glass slides. Each kit contains two 16-pad slides, allowing the user to test up to 32 samples and generate 512 data points in a single experiment. Cell lysate is incubated on the slide followed by a biotinylated detection antibody cocktail. Streptavidin-conjugated DyLight® 680 is then used to visualize the bound detection antibody. A fluorescent image of the slide can then be captured with a digital imaging system and spot intensities quantified using array analysis software.


Specificity / Sensitivity

PathScan® Akt Signaling Antibody Array Kit (Fluorescent Readout) detects the indicated cellular proteins and signaling nodes only when phosphorylated on the specified residues (see Array Target Map). No substantial cross-reactivity has been observed between targets. This kit is optimized for cell lysates diluted to a total protein concentration between 0.2 and 1 mg/ml (see kit protocol). All capture antibodies have been validated for human and mouse-derived samples.


The Akt signaling module is typically activated in response to growth factor stimulation of receptor tyrosine kinases transmitting primarily anabolic growth and survival signals. Akt1/2 are ubiquitously expressed protein kinases having a multitude of cellular substrates and are involved in the regulation of a wide range of cellular processes. Akt is activated by phosphorylation at two distinct sites: Ser473 by the mTORC2 complex and Thr308 by the plasma membrane residing kinase PDK1.

PI3 kinase is a lipid kinase that phosphorylates inositol phospholipids at position three to generate docking sites for Akt at the plasma membrane where Akt is activated. PTEN is a lipid phosphatase that negates the action of PI3 kinase to downregulate the signal emanating from this module.

mTOR integrates growth factor signaling and nutrient availability and is a core component of two macromolecular complexes, mTORC1 and mTORC2. The autophosphorylation of mTOR at Ser2481 correlates with the levels of its activation. mTORC1 phosphorylation of p70 S6 kinase leads to kinase activation, which in turn activates protein synthesis. The S6 ribosomal protein is found downstream of p70 S6 kinase and its phoshporylation at Ser235/236 reflects mTOR pathway activation. The mTORC2 complex activates Akt by phosphorylating it at Ser473. Phosphorylation of PRAS40 at Thr246 by Akt relieves PRAS40 inhibition of mTORC1.

4E-BP1 is a repressor of translation and inhibits cap-dependent translation initiation. Hyperphosphorylation of 4E-BP1 by mTORC1 leads to derepression of this blockade, which results in activation of cap-dependent translation.

Phosphorylation of the pro-apoptotic protein Bad at Ser112 and the multifunctional kinases GSK-3α and GSK-3β at Ser21 and Ser9, respectively, by Akt inhibits their activity and promotes cell survival.

AMPK is an energy sensor that is activated by phosphorylation at Thr172 in response to elevated AMP levels. Under conditions of low energy and elevated levels of AMP, AMPK helps to ensure that anabolic processes, such as those triggered by Akt, are decreased until energy levels are restored.

Although not a component of the Akt signaling network, Erk1 and Erk2 kinases are a central component of the Ras/MAP kinase signaling module. Erk1/2 regulate multiple cellular functions and are involved in a broad range of cellular processes, such as proliferation, differentiation, and motility. Erk and Akt signaling modules cross regulate each other at multiple points and through a variety of mechanisms. Erk is activated by a wide range of extracellular signals including growth factors, cytokines, hormones, and neurotransmitters, leading to dual phosphorylation at Thr202 and Tyr204.

The 90 kDa ribosomal S6 kinase 1 (RSK1) is activated primarily by Erk1/2 in response to many growth factors, polypeptide hormones, and neurotransmitters. p90RSK1 phosphorylates a wide range of substrates including ribosomal protein S6, and positively regulates protein translation and cellular growth. p90RSK1 can also be activated by kinases that regulate the response to cellular stress


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Entrez-Gene Id 207, 208, 10000, 5562, 5563, 572, 5595, 5594, 2931, 2932, 2475, 5170, 84335, 5728, 6198, 6195, 6197, 6196, 6194, 1978
Swiss-Prot Acc. P31749, P31751, Q9Y243, Q13131, P54646, Q92934, P27361, P28482, P49840, P49841, P42345, O15530, Q96B36, P60484, P23443, Q15418, P51812, Q15349, P62753, Q13541

Protein Specific References

Germack R and Dickenson JM (2000) Br J Pharmacol 130, 867–74

Wick MJ et al. (2000) J Biol Chem 275, 40400–6

Rane MJ et al. (2001) J Biol Chem 276, 3517–23

Guizzetti M and Costa LG (2001) Neuroreport 12, 1639–42

Brognard J et al. (2001) Cancer Res 61, 3986–97

Maira SM et al. (2001) Science 294, 374–80

Schönherr E et al. (2001) J Biol Chem 276, 40687–92

Hill MM et al. (2001) J Biol Chem 276, 25643–6

Dhawan P et al. (2002) Cancer Res 62, 7335–42

Conus NM et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 38021–8

Sano H et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 19439–47

Egawa K et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 38863–9

Kisseleva MV et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 6266–72

Barry FA and Gibbins JM (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 12874–8

Ikonomov OC et al. (2002) Endocrinology 143, 4742–54

Rani MR et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 38456–61

Ho R et al. (2002) Cancer Res 62, 6462–6

Wan X and Helman LJ (2003) Oncogene 22, 8205–11

Fukuda T et al. (2003) J Biol Chem 278, 51324–33

Kim HH et al. (2003) FASEB J 17, 2163–5

Min YH et al. (2004) Cancer Res 64, 5225–31

Tazzari PL et al. (2004) Br J Haematol 126, 675–81

Matsuzaki H et al. (2004) Biochemistry 43, 4284–93

Wolfrum S et al. (2004) Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 24, 1842–7

Kaneko Y et al. (2004) J Cell Sci 117, 407–15

Esfandiarei M et al. (2004) J Virol 78, 4289–98

Baudhuin LM et al. (2004) FASEB J 18, 341–3

Dietze EC et al. (2004) Oncogene 23, 3851–62

Wu T et al. (2004) Mol Cancer Ther 3, 299–307

Honjo S et al. (2005) DNA Cell Biol 24, 141–7

Karlsson HK et al. (2005) Diabetes 54, 1459–67

Viniegra JG et al. (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 4029–36

Le XF et al. (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 2092–104

Smith E and Frenkel B (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 2388–94

Edwards LA et al. (2005) Oncogene 24, 3596–605

Karlsson HK et al. (2005) Diabetes 54, 1692–7

Kippenberger S et al. (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 3060–7

Jung HS et al. (2005) Mol Endocrinol 19, 2748–59

Khundmiri SJ et al. (2006) Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 291, C1247–57

Hers I and (2007) Blood 110, 4243–52

Ananthanarayanan B et al. (2007) J Biol Chem 282, 36634–41

Zunder ER et al. (2008) Cancer Cell 14, 180–92

Grenegård M et al. (2008) J Biol Chem 283, 18493–504

Abubaker J et al. (2009) Mol Cancer 8, 51

Chen PL and Easton AS (2011) Curr Neurovasc Res 8, 14–24

Van Aller GS et al. (2011) Biochem Biophys Res Commun 406, 194–9

Uesugi A et al. (2011) Cancer Res 71, 5765–78

Ou YH et al. (2011) Mol Cell 41, 458–70

Wang S et al. (2012) PLoS One 7, e37427

Glidden EJ et al. (2012) J Biol Chem 287, 581–8

Shih MC et al. (2012) Oncogene 31, 2389–400

Misra UK and Pizzo SV (2012) J Cell Biochem 113, 1488–500

Germack R and Dickenson JM (2000) Br J Pharmacol 130, 867–74

Wick MJ et al. (2000) J Biol Chem 275, 40400–6

Rane MJ et al. (2001) J Biol Chem 276, 3517–23

Guizzetti M and Costa LG (2001) Neuroreport 12, 1639–42

Brognard J et al. (2001) Cancer Res 61, 3986–97

Maira SM et al. (2001) Science 294, 374–80

Schönherr E et al. (2001) J Biol Chem 276, 40687–92

Hill MM et al. (2001) J Biol Chem 276, 25643–6

Dhawan P et al. (2002) Cancer Res 62, 7335–42

Conus NM et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 38021–8

Sano H et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 19439–47

Egawa K et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 38863–9

Kisseleva MV et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 6266–72

Barry FA and Gibbins JM (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 12874–8

Ikonomov OC et al. (2002) Endocrinology 143, 4742–54

Rani MR et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 38456–61

Ho R et al. (2002) Cancer Res 62, 6462–6

Wan X and Helman LJ (2003) Oncogene 22, 8205–11

Fukuda T et al. (2003) J Biol Chem 278, 51324–33

Kim HH et al. (2003) FASEB J 17, 2163–5

Min YH et al. (2004) Cancer Res 64, 5225–31

Tazzari PL et al. (2004) Br J Haematol 126, 675–81

Matsuzaki H et al. (2004) Biochemistry 43, 4284–93

Wolfrum S et al. (2004) Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 24, 1842–7

Kaneko Y et al. (2004) J Cell Sci 117, 407–15

Esfandiarei M et al. (2004) J Virol 78, 4289–98

Baudhuin LM et al. (2004) FASEB J 18, 341–3

Dietze EC et al. (2004) Oncogene 23, 3851–62

Wu T et al. (2004) Mol Cancer Ther 3, 299–307

Honjo S et al. (2005) DNA Cell Biol 24, 141–7

Karlsson HK et al. (2005) Diabetes 54, 1459–67

Viniegra JG et al. (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 4029–36

Le XF et al. (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 2092–104

Smith E and Frenkel B (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 2388–94

Edwards LA et al. (2005) Oncogene 24, 3596–605

Karlsson HK et al. (2005) Diabetes 54, 1692–7

Kippenberger S et al. (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 3060–7

Jung HS et al. (2005) Mol Endocrinol 19, 2748–59

Khundmiri SJ et al. (2006) Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 291, C1247–57

Hers I and (2007) Blood 110, 4243–52

Ananthanarayanan B et al. (2007) J Biol Chem 282, 36634–41

Zunder ER et al. (2008) Cancer Cell 14, 180–92

Grenegård M et al. (2008) J Biol Chem 283, 18493–504

Abubaker J et al. (2009) Mol Cancer 8, 51

Chen PL and Easton AS (2011) Curr Neurovasc Res 8, 14–24

Van Aller GS et al. (2011) Biochem Biophys Res Commun 406, 194–9

Uesugi A et al. (2011) Cancer Res 71, 5765–78

Ou YH et al. (2011) Mol Cell 41, 458–70

Wang S et al. (2012) PLoS One 7, e37427

Glidden EJ et al. (2012) J Biol Chem 287, 581–8

Shih MC et al. (2012) Oncogene 31, 2389–400

Misra UK and Pizzo SV (2012) J Cell Biochem 113, 1488–500

Germack R and Dickenson JM (2000) Br J Pharmacol 130, 867–74

Wick MJ et al. (2000) J Biol Chem 275, 40400–6

Rane MJ et al. (2001) J Biol Chem 276, 3517–23

Guizzetti M and Costa LG (2001) Neuroreport 12, 1639–42

Brognard J et al. (2001) Cancer Res 61, 3986–97

Maira SM et al. (2001) Science 294, 374–80

Schönherr E et al. (2001) J Biol Chem 276, 40687–92

Hill MM et al. (2001) J Biol Chem 276, 25643–6

Dhawan P et al. (2002) Cancer Res 62, 7335–42

Conus NM et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 38021–8

Sano H et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 19439–47

Egawa K et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 38863–9

Kisseleva MV et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 6266–72

Barry FA and Gibbins JM (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 12874–8

Ikonomov OC et al. (2002) Endocrinology 143, 4742–54

Rani MR et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 38456–61

Ho R et al. (2002) Cancer Res 62, 6462–6

Wan X and Helman LJ (2003) Oncogene 22, 8205–11

Fukuda T et al. (2003) J Biol Chem 278, 51324–33

Kim HH et al. (2003) FASEB J 17, 2163–5

Min YH et al. (2004) Cancer Res 64, 5225–31

Tazzari PL et al. (2004) Br J Haematol 126, 675–81

Matsuzaki H et al. (2004) Biochemistry 43, 4284–93

Wolfrum S et al. (2004) Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 24, 1842–7

Kaneko Y et al. (2004) J Cell Sci 117, 407–15

Esfandiarei M et al. (2004) J Virol 78, 4289–98

Baudhuin LM et al. (2004) FASEB J 18, 341–3

Dietze EC et al. (2004) Oncogene 23, 3851–62

Wu T et al. (2004) Mol Cancer Ther 3, 299–307

Honjo S et al. (2005) DNA Cell Biol 24, 141–7

Karlsson HK et al. (2005) Diabetes 54, 1459–67

Viniegra JG et al. (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 4029–36

Le XF et al. (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 2092–104

Smith E and Frenkel B (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 2388–94

Edwards LA et al. (2005) Oncogene 24, 3596–605

Karlsson HK et al. (2005) Diabetes 54, 1692–7

Kippenberger S et al. (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 3060–7

Jung HS et al. (2005) Mol Endocrinol 19, 2748–59

Khundmiri SJ et al. (2006) Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 291, C1247–57

Hers I and (2007) Blood 110, 4243–52

Ananthanarayanan B et al. (2007) J Biol Chem 282, 36634–41

Zunder ER et al. (2008) Cancer Cell 14, 180–92

Grenegård M et al. (2008) J Biol Chem 283, 18493–504

Abubaker J et al. (2009) Mol Cancer 8, 51

Chen PL and Easton AS (2011) Curr Neurovasc Res 8, 14–24

Van Aller GS et al. (2011) Biochem Biophys Res Commun 406, 194–9

Uesugi A et al. (2011) Cancer Res 71, 5765–78

Ou YH et al. (2011) Mol Cell 41, 458–70

Wang S et al. (2012) PLoS One 7, e37427

Glidden EJ et al. (2012) J Biol Chem 287, 581–8

Shih MC et al. (2012) Oncogene 31, 2389–400

Misra UK and Pizzo SV (2012) J Cell Biochem 113, 1488–500

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Zhang M and Riedel H (2009) J Cell Biochem 107, 65–75

Johnson AL et al. (2001) Biol Reprod 64, 1566–74

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Johnson AL et al. (2001) Biol Reprod 64, 1566–74

Zhang M and Riedel H (2009) J Cell Biochem 107, 65–75

Moon EY and Lerner A (2003) Blood 101, 4122–30

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Zhang B et al. (2004) Mol Cell Biol 24, 6205–14

Hui L et al. (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 35829–35

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Li YY et al. (2006) Cancer Res 66, 6741–7

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Li YY et al. (2006) Cancer Res 66, 6741–7

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Chen J et al. (2009) Oncogene 28, 2581–92

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Zhang XC et al. (2012) Biochem J 444, 457–64

González-Santamaría J et al. (2012) Cell Death Dis 3, e393

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Zhang Y et al. (2001) J Biol Chem 276, 20913–23

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Saitoh M et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 20104–12

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Qiu Q et al. (2004) Mol Hum Reprod 10, 677–84

Strömberg T et al. (2004) Blood 103, 3138–47

Lisse TS et al. (2011) FASEB J 25, 937–47

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Jung, C.H. et al. (2009) Mol Biol Cell 20, 1992-2003.

Zhang Y et al. (2001) J Biol Chem 276, 20913–23

Romanelli A et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 40281–9

Saitoh M et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 20104–12

Shi Y et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 15712–20

Lehman JA et al. (2003) J Biol Chem 278, 28130–8

Le XF et al. (2003) Oncogene 22, 484–97

Gomez-Cambronero J and (2003) FEBS Lett 550, 94–100

Cammalleri M et al. (2003) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100, 14368–73

Qiu Q et al. (2004) Mol Hum Reprod 10, 677–84

Strömberg T et al. (2004) Blood 103, 3138–47

Lisse TS et al. (2011) FASEB J 25, 937–47

Ali, S.M. and Sabatini, D.M. (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 19445-8.

Jung, C.H. et al. (2009) Mol Biol Cell 20, 1992-2003.

Zhang Y et al. (2001) J Biol Chem 276, 20913–23

Romanelli A et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 40281–9

Saitoh M et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 20104–12

Shi Y et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 15712–20

Lehman JA et al. (2003) J Biol Chem 278, 28130–8

Le XF et al. (2003) Oncogene 22, 484–97

Gomez-Cambronero J and (2003) FEBS Lett 550, 94–100

Cammalleri M et al. (2003) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100, 14368–73

Qiu Q et al. (2004) Mol Hum Reprod 10, 677–84

Strömberg T et al. (2004) Blood 103, 3138–47

Lisse TS et al. (2011) FASEB J 25, 937–47

Ali, S.M. and Sabatini, D.M. (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 19445-8.

Jung, C.H. et al. (2009) Mol Biol Cell 20, 1992-2003.

Mérienne K et al. (2000) Oncogene 19, 4221–9

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