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REACTIVITY SENSITIVITY MW (kDa) SOURCE
H M R Endogenous 65 Rabbit

Western blot analysis of extracts from human cortex, mouse brain, and rat brain using FEZ1 Antibody.

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Western blot analysis of extracts from 293T cells, mock transfected (-) or transfected with a construct expressing Myc/DDK-tagged full-length FEZ1 (hFEZ1-Myc/DDK; +), using FEZ1 Antibody (upper) or Myc-Tag (71D10) Rabbit mAb #2278 (lower).

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Western blot analysis of extracts from IMR-32, U-118 MG, and Malme-3M cell lines using FEZ1 Antibody.

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Western Blotting Protocol

For western blots, incubate membrane with diluted primary antibody in 5% w/v BSA, 1X TBS, 0.1% Tween® 20 at 4°C with gentle shaking, overnight.

NOTE: Please refer to primary antibody datasheet or product webpage for recommended antibody dilution.

A. Solutions and Reagents

NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.

  1. 20X Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS): (#9808) To prepare 1 L 1X PBS: add 50 ml 20X PBS to 950 ml dH2O, mix.
  2. 10X Tris Buffered Saline (TBS): (#12498) To prepare 1 L 1X TBS: add 100 ml 10X to 900 ml dH2O, mix.
  3. 1X SDS Sample Buffer: Blue Loading Pack (#7722) or Red Loading Pack (#7723) Prepare fresh 3X reducing loading buffer by adding 1/10 volume 30X DTT to 1 volume of 3X SDS loading buffer. Dilute to 1X with dH2O.
  4. 10X Tris-Glycine SDS Running Buffer: (#4050) To prepare 1 L 1X running buffer: add 100 ml 10X running buffer to 900 ml dH2O, mix.
  5. 10X Tris-Glycine Transfer Buffer: (#12539) To prepare 1 L 1X Transfer Buffer: add 100 ml 10X Transfer Buffer to 200 ml methanol + 700 ml dH2O, mix.
  6. 10X Tris Buffered Saline with Tween® 20 (TBST): (#9997) To prepare 1 L 1X TBST: add 100 ml 10X TBST to 900 ml dH2O, mix.
  7. Nonfat Dry Milk: (#9999).
  8. Blocking Buffer: 1X TBST with 5% w/v nonfat dry milk; for 150 ml, add 7.5 g nonfat dry milk to 150 ml 1X TBST and mix well.
  9. Wash Buffer: (#9997) 1X TBST.
  10. Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA): (#9998).
  11. Primary Antibody Dilution Buffer: 1X TBST with 5% BSA; for 20 ml, add 1.0 g BSA to 20 ml 1X TBST and mix well.
  12. Biotinylated Protein Ladder Detection Pack: (#7727).
  13. Prestained Protein Marker, Broad Range (Premixed Format): (#7720).
  14. Blotting Membrane and Paper: (#12369) This protocol has been optimized for nitrocellulose membranes. Pore size 0.2 µm is generally recommended.
  15. Secondary Antibody Conjugated to HRP: Anti-rabbit IgG, HRP-linked Antibody (#7074).
  16. Detection Reagent: SignalFire™ ECL Reagent (#6883).

B. Protein Blotting

A general protocol for sample preparation.

  1. Treat cells by adding fresh media containing regulator for desired time.
  2. Aspirate media from cultures; wash cells with 1X PBS; aspirate.
  3. Lyse cells by adding 1X SDS sample buffer (100 µl per well of 6-well plate or 500 µl for a 10 cm diameter plate). Immediately scrape the cells off the plate and transfer the extract to a microcentrifuge tube. Keep on ice.
  4. Sonicate for 10–15 sec to complete cell lysis and shear DNA (to reduce sample viscosity).
  5. Heat a 20 µl sample to 95–100°C for 5 min; cool on ice.
  6. Microcentrifuge for 5 min.
  7. Load 20 µl onto SDS-PAGE gel (10 cm x 10 cm).

    NOTE: Loading of prestained molecular weight markers (#7720, 10 µl/lane) to verify electrotransfer and biotinylated protein ladder (#7727, 10 µl/lane) to determine molecular weights are recommended.

  8. Electrotransfer to nitrocellulose membrane (#12369).

C. Membrane Blocking and Antibody Incubations

NOTE: Volumes are for 10 cm x 10 cm (100 cm2) of membrane; for different sized membranes, adjust volumes accordingly.

I. Membrane Blocking

  1. (Optional) After transfer, wash nitrocellulose membrane with 25 ml TBS for 5 min at room temperature.
  2. Incubate membrane in 25 ml of blocking buffer for 1 hr at room temperature.
  3. Wash three times for 5 min each with 15 ml of TBST.

II. Primary Antibody Incubation

  1. Incubate membrane and primary antibody (at the appropriate dilution and diluent as recommended in the product datasheet) in 10 ml primary antibody dilution buffer with gentle agitation overnight at 4°C.
  2. Wash three times for 5 min each with 15 ml of TBST.
  3. Incubate membrane with Anti-rabbit IgG, HRP-linked Antibody (#7074 at 1:2000) and anti-biotin, HRP-linked Antibody (#7075 at 1:1000–1:3000) to detect biotinylated protein markers in 10 ml of blocking buffer with gentle agitation for 1 hr at room temperature.
  4. Wash three times for 5 min each with 15 ml of TBST.
  5. Proceed with detection (Section D).

D. Detection of Proteins

Directions for Use:

  1. Wash membrane-bound HRP (antibody conjugate) three times for 5 minutes in TBST.
  2. Prepare 1X SignalFire™ ECL Reagent (#6883) by diluting one part 2X Reagent A and one part 2X Reagent B (e.g. for 10 ml, add 5 ml Reagent A and 5 ml Reagent B). Mix well.
  3. Incubate substrate with membrane for 1 minute, remove excess solution (membrane remains wet), wrap in plastic and expose to X-ray film.

* Avoid repeated exposure to skin.

posted June 2005

revised November 2013

protocol id: 10

Western Blot Reprobing Protocol

Reprobing of an existing membrane is a convenient means to immunoblot for multiple proteins independently when only a limited amount of sample is available. It should be noted that for the best possible results a fresh blot is always recommended. Reprobing can be a valuable method but with each reprobing of a blot there is potential for increased background signal. Additionally, it is recommended that you verify the removal of the first antibody complex prior to reprobing so that signal attributed to binding of the new antibody is not leftover signal from the first immunoblotting experiment. This can be done by re-exposing the blot to ECL reagents and making sure there is no signal prior to adding the next primary antibody.

A. Solutions and Reagents

NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalently purified water.

  1. Wash Buffer: Tris Buffered Saline with Tween® 20 (TBST-10X) (#9997)
  2. Stripping Buffer: To prepare 100 ml, mix 0.76 g Tris base, 2 g SDS and 700 μl β-mercaptoethanol. Bring to 100 ml with deionized H2O. Adjust pH to 6.8 with HCl.

B. Protocol

  1. After film exposure, wash membrane four times for 5 min each in TBST. Best results are obtained if the membrane is not allowed to dry.
  2. Incubate membrane for 30 min at 50°C in stripping buffer (with slight agitation).
  3. Wash membrane six times for 5 min each in TBST.
  4. (Optional) To assure that the original signal is removed, wash membrane twice for 5 min each with 10 ml of TBST. Incubate membrane with LumiGLO® with gentle agitation for 1 min at room temperature. Drain membrane of excess developing solution. Do not let dry. Wrap in plastic wrap and expose to x-ray film.
  5. Wash membrane again four times for 5 min each in TBST.
  6. The membrane is now ready to reuse. Start detection at the "Membrane Blocking and Antibody Incubations" step in the Western Immunoblotting Protocol.

posted June 2005

Product Usage Information

Application Dilutions
Western Blotting 1:1000

Storage: Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA and 50% glycerol. Store at –20°C. Do not aliquot the antibody.

Specificity / Sensitivity

FEZ1 Antibody recognizes endogenous levels of total FEZ1 protein.


Species Reactivity: Human, Mouse, Rat

Source / Purification

Polyclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues near the amino terminus of human FEZ1 protein. Antibodies are purified by protein A and peptide affinity chromatography.

The coiled-coil containing protein fasciculation and elongation protein zeta-1 (FEZ1) is expressed predominately in the brain and is the mammalian ortholog of the C. elegans protein UNC-76. It was indentified independently in several interaction screens using distinct baits and was shown to play a role in neuronal differentiation and outgrowth, viral defense, centrosome organization, cytoskeletal signaling, and autophagy (reviewed in 1). It was originally identified as a binding partner and substrate for PKCζ and was found to induce the neuronal differentiation of PC-12 cells when co-expressed with active PKCζ (2). FEZ1 was also found to be an interacting partner with the schizophrenia-associated protein DISC1, which may suggest a role for FEZ1 in schizophrenia as well as other mental disorders (3,4). FEZ1 was also found to bind to several cytoskeletal proteins, including kinesins, tubulins, JIP1, NEK1, and CLASP2, which supports its role in neurite outgrowth, cargo transport along microtubules, and centrosomal organization (5-7). Additional studies have shown that FEZ1 interacts with a viral agnoprotein and plays a role in viral defense, including during HIV-1 infection (8-10). Another screen identified FEZ1 as a binding partner for the ubiquitin ligase E4B and showed that FEZ1 can be regulated through polyubiquitination (11). Moreover, degradation of FEZ1 by the ubiquitination-proteasomal pathway through cdc20 provides a mechanism for FEZ1 in dendritic outgrowth (12). FEZ1 was also found to regulate autophagy through association with ULK1 and Beclin-1 complexes (13).


1.  Maturana, A.D. et al. (2010) ScientificWorldJournal 10, 1646-54.

2.  Kuroda, S. et al. (1999) J Cell Biol 144, 403-11.

3.  Miyoshi, K. et al. (2003) Mol Psychiatry 8, 685-94.

4.  Kang, E. et al. (2011) Neuron 72, 559-71.

5.  Fujita, T. et al. (2007) Biochem Biophys Res Commun 361, 605-10.

6.  Blasius, T.L. et al. (2007) J Cell Biol 176, 11-7.

7.  Lanza, D.C. et al. (2010) Mol Cell Biochem 338, 35-45.

8.  Suzuki, T. et al. (2005) J Biol Chem 280, 24948-56.

9.  Naghavi, M.H. et al. (2005) Genes Dev 19, 1105-15.

10.  Haedicke, J. et al. (2009) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106, 14040-5.

11.  Okumura, F. et al. (2004) J Biol Chem 279, 53533-43.

12.  Watanabe, Y. et al. (2014) Cell Rep 7, 552-64.

13.  McKnight, N.C. et al. (2012) EMBO J 31, 1931-46.


Entrez-Gene Id 9638
Swiss-Prot Acc. Q99689


For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
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