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Product Includes Quantity Applications Reactivity MW(kDa) Isotype
Phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (Thr202/Tyr204) (D13.14.4E) XP® Rabbit mAb 4370 200 µl
Western Blotting Immunoprecipitation Immunohistochemistry Immunofluorescence Flow Cytometry
H M R Hm Mk Mi Dm Z B Dg Pg Sc 44, 42 Rabbit IgG
p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) (137F5) Rabbit mAb 4695 200 µl
Western Blotting Immunoprecipitation Immunohistochemistry Immunofluorescence Flow Cytometry
H M R Hm Mk Mi Dm Z B Dg Pg Ce 42, 44 Rabbit 

Product Description

PhosphoPlus® Duets from Cell Signaling Technology (CST) provide a means to assess protein activation status. Each Duet contains an activation-state and total protein antibody to your target of interest. These antibodies have been selected from CST's product offering based upon superior performance in specified applications.


Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are a widely conserved family of serine/threonine protein kinases involved in many cellular programs, such as cell proliferation, differentiation, motility, and death. The p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2) signaling pathway can be activated in response to a diverse range of extracellular stimuli including mitogens, growth factors, and cytokines (1-3), and research investigators consider it an important target in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer (4). Upon stimulation, a sequential three-part protein kinase cascade is initiated, consisting of a MAP kinase kinase kinase (MAPKKK or MAP3K), a MAP kinase kinase (MAPKK or MAP2K), and a MAP kinase (MAPK). Multiple p44/42 MAP3Ks have been identified, including members of the Raf family, as well as Mos and Tpl2/COT. MEK1 and MEK2 are the primary MAPKKs in this pathway (5,6). MEK1 and MEK2 activate p44 and p42 through phosphorylation of activation loop residues Thr202/Tyr204 and Thr185/Tyr187, respectively. Several downstream targets of p44/42 have been identified, including p90RSK (7) and the transcription factor Elk-1 (8,9). p44/42 are negatively regulated by a family of dual-specificity (Thr/Tyr) MAPK phosphatases, known as DUSPs or MKPs (10), along with MEK inhibitors, such as U0126 and PD98059.


1.  Roux, P.P. and Blenis, J. (2004) Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 68, 320-44.

2.  Baccarini, M. (2005) FEBS Lett 579, 3271-7.

3.  Meloche, S. and Pouysségur, J. (2007) Oncogene 26, 3227-39.

4.  Roberts, P.J. and Der, C.J. (2007) Oncogene 26, 3291-310.

5.  Rubinfeld, H. and Seger, R. (2005) Mol Biotechnol 31, 151-74.

6.  Murphy, L.O. and Blenis, J. (2006) Trends Biochem Sci 31, 268-75.

7.  Dalby, K.N. et al. (1998) J Biol Chem 273, 1496-505.

8.  Marais, R. et al. (1993) Cell 73, 381-93.

9.  Kortenjann, M. et al. (1994) Mol Cell Biol 14, 4815-24.

10.  Owens, D.M. and Keyse, S.M. (2007) Oncogene 26, 3203-13.


Entrez-Gene Id 5595, 5594
Swiss-Prot Acc. P27361, P28482


For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
Cell Signaling Technology® is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
PhosphoPlus® is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
U.S. Patent No. 5,675,063.