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REACTIVITY SENSITIVITY MW (kDa) Isotype
H M R Mk Sc Endogenous 40 Mouse IgG1
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p38 MAPK activity of UV-treated or untreated C6 cell extracts was analyzed by IP/kinase assay. Cell extracts were immunoprecipitated with Phospho-p38 MAPK (Thr180/Tyr182) Mouse mAb (Sepharose® Bead Conjugate). In vitro kinase assays were performed using ATF-2 Fusion Protein #9224 as a substrate. Phosphorylation of ATF-2 at Thr71 was measured by Western blot using Phospho-ATF-2 (Thr71) Antibody.

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Immunoprecipitation for Analysis by Western Blotting

This protocol is intended for immunoprecipitation of native proteins for analysis by western immunoblot or kinase activity.

A. Solutions and Reagents

NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalently purified water.

  1. 20X Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS): (#9808).
  2. 10X Cell Lysis Buffer: (#9803) 20 mM Tris (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 1 mM EDTA, 1 mM EGTA, 1% Triton X-100, 2.5 mM Sodium pyrophosphate, 1 mM β-glycerophosphate, 1 mM Na3VO4, 1 μg/ml Leupeptin

    NOTE: CST recommends adding 1 mM PMSF (#8553) before use*.

  1. 3X SDS Sample Buffer: (#7722) 187.5 mM Tris-HCl (pH 6.8 at 25°C), 6% w/v SDS, 30% glycerol, 150 mM DTT, 0.03% w/v bromophenol blue
  2. 10X Kinase Buffer (for kinase assays): (#9802) To Prepare 1 ml of 1X kinase buffer, add 100 µl 10X kinase buffer to 900 µl dH2O, mix.
  3. ATP (10 mM) (for kinase assays): (#9804) To prepare 0.5 ml of ATP (200 µM), add 10 µl ATP (10 mM) to 490 µl 1X kinase buffer.

B. Preparing Cell Lysates

  1. Aspirate media. Treat cells by adding fresh media containing regulator for desired time.
  2. To harvest cells under nondenaturing conditions, remove media and rinse cells once with ice-cold PBS.
  3. Remove PBS and add 0.5 ml 1X ice-cold cell lysis buffer to each plate (10 cm) and incubate the plates on ice for 5 minutes.
  4. Scrape cells off the plates and transfer to microcentrifuge tubes. Keep on ice.
  5. Sonicate samples on ice three times for 5 seconds each.
  6. Microcentrifuge for 10 minutes at 4°C, 14,000 x g, and transfer the supernatant to a new tube. If necessary, lysate can be stored at –80°C.

C. Immunoprecipitation

  1. Take 200 μl cell lysate and add 10 μl of the immobilized antibody, incubate with rotation overnight at 4°C.
  2. Microcentrifuge for 30 seconds at 4°C. Wash pellet five times with 500 μl of 1X cell lysis buffer. Keep on ice during washes.
  3. Proceed to sample analysis by western blotting or kinase activity (section D).

D. Sample Analysis

Proceed to one of the following specific set of steps.

For Analysis by Western Immunoblotting

  1. Resuspend the pellet with 20 µl 3X SDS sample buffer. Vortex, then microcentrifuge for 30 sec at 14,000 x g.
  2. Heat the sample to 95–100°C for 2-5 min and microcentrifuge for 1 min at 14,000 x g.
  3. Load the sample (15–30 µl) on a 4–20% gel for SDS-PAGE.
  4. Analyze sample by western blot (see Western Immunoblotting Protocol).

NOTE: To minimize masking caused by denatured IgG heavy chains (~50 kDa), we recommend using Mouse Anti-Rabbit IgG (Light-Chain Specific) (L57A3) mAb (#3677) or Mouse Anti-Rabbit IgG (Conformation Specific) (L27A9) mAb (#3678) (or HRP conjugate #5127). To minimize masking caused by denatured IgG light chains (~25 kDa), we recommend using Mouse Anti-Rabbit IgG (Conformation Specific) (L27A9) mAb (#3678) (or HRP conjugate #5127).

For Analysis by Kinase Assay

  1. Wash pellet twice with 500 µl 1X kinase buffer. Keep on ice.
  2. Suspend pellet in 40 µl 1X kinase buffer supplemented with 200 µM ATP and appropriate substrate.
  3. Incubate for 30 min at 30°C.
  4. Terminate reaction with 20 µl 3X SDS sample buffer. Vortex, then microcentrifuge for 30 sec.
  5. Transfer supernatant containing phosphorylated substrate to another tube.
  6. Heat the sample to 95–100°C for 2–5 min and microcentrifuge for 1 min at 14,000 x g.
  7. Load the sample (15–30 µl) on SDS-PAGE (4–20%).

posted December 2007

protocol id: 27

Product Usage Information

Application Dilutions
Immunoprecipitation 1:20

Solutions and Reagents:

Storage Buffer:

20 mM Tris-HCl (pH 7.4)

150 mM NaCl

1 mM Na2EDTA

1 mM EGTA

1% Triton X-100

2.5 mM sodium pyrophosphate

1 mM β-glycerophosphate

1 mM Na3VO4

1 µg/ml leupeptin

50% glycerol

Note: Please aliquot prior to first use.


Storage: Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA, 50% glycerol. Store at –20°C. Do not aliquot the antibodies.

Specificity / Sensitivity

Phospho-p38 MAPK (Thr180/Tyr182) Mouse mAb (Sepharose® Bead Conjugate) binds only p38 MAPK only when dually phosphorylated at Thr180 and Tyr182. This antibody was immobilized via conjugation of carbohydrates to cross-linked agarose hydrazide beads. This antibody does not significantly cross-react with phosphorylated SAPK/JNK or p44/42 MAPK, or with nonphosphorylated p38 MAPK.


Species Reactivity: Human, Mouse, Rat, Monkey, S. cerevisiae
Species predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology: Zebrafish

Source / Purification

Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic phosphopeptide corresponding to residues around Thr180/Tyr182 of human p38 MAP kinase.

p38 MAP kinase (MAPK), also called RK (1) or CSBP (2), is the mammalian orthologue of the yeast HOG kinase that participates in a signaling cascade controlling cellular responses to cytokines and stress (1-4). Four isoforms of p38 MAPK, p38α, β, γ (also known as Erk6 or SAPK3), and δ (also known as SAPK4) have been identified. Similar to the SAPK/JNK pathway, p38 MAPK is activated by a variety of cellular stresses including osmotic shock, inflammatory cytokines, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), UV light, and growth factors (1-5). MKK3, MKK6, and SEK activate p38 MAPK by phosphorylation at Thr180 and Tyr182. Activated p38 MAPK has been shown to phosphorylate and activate MAPKAP kinase 2 (3) and to phosphorylate the transcription factors ATF-2 (5), Max (6), and MEF2 (5-8).

SB203580 (4-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-(4-methylsulfinylphenyl)-5-(4-pyridyl)-imidazole) is a selective inhibitor of p38 MAPK. This compound inhibits the activation of MAPKAPK-2 by p38 MAPK and subsequent phosphorylation of HSP27 (9). SB203580 inhibits p38 MAPK catalytic activity by binding to the ATP-binding pocket, but does not inhibit phosphorylation of p38 MAPK by upstream kinases (10).


1.  Han, J. et al. (1994) Science 265, 808-11.

2.  Raingeaud, J. et al. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 7420-7426.

3.  Rouse, J. et al. (1994) Cell 78, 1027-1037.

4.  Lee, J.C. et al. (1994) Nature 372, 739-46.

5.  Freshney, N.W. et al. (1994) Cell 78, 1039-49.

6.  Zervos, A.S. et al. (1995) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 92, 10531-10534.

7.  Zhao, M. et al. (1999) Mol. Cell. Biol. 19, 21-30.

8.  Yang, S.H. et al. (1999) Mol. Cell. Biol. 19, 4028-4038.

9.  Cuenda, A. et al. (1995) FEBS Lett 364, 229-33.

10.  Kumar, S. et al. (1999) Biochem Biophys Res Commun 263, 825-31.


Entrez-Gene Id 1432, 5600, 5603, 6300
Swiss-Prot Acc. Q16539, Q15759, O15264, P53778


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