Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of high-expressing 293T (left), HeLa (middle), or negative 786-0 (right) cells using PHGDH (D3D5E) Rabbit mAb (green). Blue pseudocolor = DRAQ5® #4084 (fluorescent DNA dye).Learn more about how we get our images.
Achieve higher quality immunofluorescent images using the efficient and cost-effective, pre-made reagents in our #12727 Immunofluorescence Application Solutions Kit
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.
Recommended Fluorochrome-conjugated Anti-Rabbit secondary antibodies:
NOTE: Cells should be grown, treated, fixed and stained directly in multi-well plates, chamber slides or on coverslips.
Aspirate liquid, then cover cells to a depth of 2–3 mm with 4% formaldehyde diluted in 1X PBS.
NOTE: Formaldehyde is toxic, use only in a fume hood.
NOTE: All subsequent incubations should be carried out at room temperature unless otherwise noted in a humid light-tight box or covered dish/plate to prevent drying and fluorochrome fading.
posted November 2006
revised November 2013
Protocol Id: 24
Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA, 50% glycerol and less than 0.02% sodium azide. Store at –20°C. Do not aliquot the antibody.
PHGDH (D3D5E) Rabbit mAb recognizes endogenous levels of total PHGDH protein.
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues surrounding Val304 of human PHGDH protein.
Mammalian cells synthesize serine de novo by diverting a portion of the glycolytic intermediate 3-phosphoglycerate into the phosphorylated pathway of serine synthesis. This shift supports anabolism by providing precursors for the biosynthesis of proteins, nucleotides, creatine, porphyrins, phospholipids, and glutathione. Phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (PHGDH) catalyzes the first step in the serine biosynthesis pathway by converting 3-phosphoglycerate into phosphohydroxy pyruvate (1).
Research studies demonstrate that an increase in serine biosynthesis supports growth and proliferation of cancer cells (2-4), which is supported by amplification and overexpression of PHGDH in a subset of melanoma and breast cancers (5,6). Suppression of PHGDH expression in cell lines with elevated PHGDH levels causes a strong decrease in cell proliferation and inhibits tumor growth in vivo (5). Additional evidence suggests that PHGDH interacts with and stabilizes FoxM1, which promotes the proliferation, invasion, and tumorigenicity of glioma cells (7).
Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc. DRAQ5 is a registered trademark of Biostatus Limited.
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