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97958
SDF1/CXCL12 (D8G6H) Rabbit mAb (IHC-Specific)
Primary Antibodies

Monoclonal Antibody - SDF1/CXCL12 (D8G6H) Rabbit mAb (IHC-Specific), UniProt ID P48061, Entrez ID 6387 #97958

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  1. IHC

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human breast carcinoma using SDF1/CXCL12 (D8G6H) Rabbit mAb (IHC-Specific).

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human ovarian carcinoma using SDF1/CXCL12 (D8G6H) Rabbit mAb (IHC-Specific).

Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human prostate carcinoma using SDF1/CXCL12 (D8G6H) Rabbit mAb (IHC-Specific).

To Purchase # 97958S

Supporting Data

REACTIVITY H
SENSITIVITY Endogenous
MW (kDa) 10
Isotype Rabbit IgG

Product Usage Information

Application Dilutions
Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin) 1:200

Storage:

Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA, 50% glycerol and less than 0.02% sodium azide. Store at –20°C. Do not aliquot the antibody.

Protocol

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Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin)

A. Solutions and Reagents

NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.

  1. Xylene.
  2. Ethanol, anhydrous denatured, histological grade (100% and 95%).
  3. Deionized water (dH2O).
  4. Hematoxylin (optional).
  5. Wash Buffer:
    1. 1X Tris Buffered Saline with Tween® 20 (TBST): To prepare 1L 1X TBST add 100 ml 10X Tris Buffered Saline with Tween® 20 (#9997) to 900 ml dH20, mix.
  6. SignalStain® Antibody Diluent (#8112).
  7. 1X Citrate Unmasking Solution: To prepare 250 mL of 1X citrate unmasking solution, dilute 25 ml of SignalStain® Citrate Unmasking Solution (10X) (#14746) with 225 mL of dH2O.
  8. 3% Hydrogen Peroxide: To prepare 100 ml, add 10 ml 30% H2O2 to 90 ml dH2O.
  9. Blocking Solution: TBST/5% Normal Goat Serum or 1X Animal-Free Blocking Solution.
    1. TBST/5% Normal Goat Serum: to 5 ml 1X TBST, add 250 µl Normal Goat Serum (#5425).
    2. 1X Animal-Free Blocking Solution: to 4 mL of dH2O add 1 ml of Animal-Free Blocking Solution (5X) (#15019).
  10. Detection System: SignalStain® Boost IHC Detection Reagents (HRP, Rabbit #8114).
  11. Substrate: SignalStain® DAB Substrate Kit (#8059).
  12. Hematoxylin: Hematoxylin (#14166).
  13. Mounting Medium: SignalStain® Mounting Medium (#14177).

B. Deparaffinization/Rehydration

NOTE: Do not allow slides to dry at any time during this procedure.

  1. Deparaffinize/hydrate sections:
    1. Incubate sections in three washes of xylene for 5 min each.
    2. Incubate sections in two washes of 100% ethanol for 10 min each.
    3. Incubate sections in two washes of 95% ethanol for 10 min each.
  2. Wash sections two times in dH2O for 5 min each.

C. Antigen Unmasking

For Citrate: Heat slides in a microwave submersed in 1X citrate unmasking solution until boiling is initiated; follow with 10 min at a sub-boiling temperature (95°-98°C). Cool slides on bench top for 30 min.

D. Staining

  1. Wash sections in dH2O three times for 5 min each.
  2. Incubate sections in 3% hydrogen peroxide for 10 min.
  3. Wash sections in dH2O two times for 5 min each.
  4. Wash sections in wash buffer for 5 min.
  5. Block each section with 100–400 µl of preferred blocking solution for 1 hr at room temperature.
  6. Remove blocking solution and add 100–400 µl primary antibody diluted in SignalStain® Antibody Diluent (#8112) to each section. Incubate overnight at 4°C.
  7. Equilibrate SignalStain® Boost Detection Reagent (HRP, Rabbit #8114) to room temperature.
  8. Remove antibody solution and wash sections with wash buffer three times for 5 min each.
  9. Cover section with 1–3 drops SignalStain® Boost Detection Reagent (HRP, Rabbit #8114) as needed. Incubate in a humidified chamber for 30 min at room temperature.
  10. Wash sections three times with wash buffer for 5 min each.
  11. Add 1 drop (30 µl) SignalStain® DAB Chromogen Concentrate to 1 ml SignalStain® DAB Diluent and mix well before use.
  12. Apply 100–400 µl SignalStain® DAB to each section and monitor closely. 1–10 min generally provides an acceptable staining intensity.
  13. Immerse slides in dH2O.
  14. If desired, counterstain sections with hematoxylin (#14166).
  15. Wash sections in dH2O two times for 5 min each.
  16. Dehydrate sections:
    1. Incubate sections in 95% ethanol two times for 10 sec each.
    2. Repeat in 100% ethanol, incubating sections two times for 10 sec each.
    3. Repeat in xylene, incubating sections two times for 10 sec each.
  17. Mount sections with coverslips and mounting medium (#14177).

posted February 2010

revised March 2016

Protocol Id: 283

Specificity / Sensitivity

SDF1/CXCL12 (D8G6H) Rabbit mAb (IHC-Specific) recognizes endogenous levels of total SDF1/CXCL12 protein by immunohistochemistry on paraffin-embedded tissue sections. This antibody recognizes both SDF1/CXCL12α and SDF1/CXCL12β.

Species Reactivity:

Human

Source / Purification

Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with recombinant protein specific to human SDF1/CXCL12 protein.

Background

The stromal cell derived factor 1 (SDF1/CXCL12) is a small, pro-inflammatory chemoattractant cytokine that regulates leukocyte trafficking through interactions with its cognate 7-transmembrane G protein-coupled receptors (1). The SDF1/CXCL12 receptor, CXCR4, also serves as a coreceptor for the entry of human immunodeficiency virus into target cells (2). SDF1/CXCL12 may regulate homing and maintenance of CXCR4-expressing stem or progenitor cells, including embryonic and many somatic stem cells (3,4). Many cancer cells express CXCR4, suggesting that SDF1/CXCL12 plays a role in cancer metastasis (5,6). Alternative splicing and differential processing during maturation produce a pair of SDF1/CXCL12 isoforms (SDF1/CXCL12α and SDF1/CXCL12β) that have different properties and biological activities (7). Additional isoforms of SDF1/CXCL12 have been reported (8,9).

  1. Maekawa, T. and Ishii, T. (2000) Intern Med 39, 90-100.
  2. Ray, N. and Doms, R.W. (2006) Curr Top Microbiol Immunol 303, 97-120.
  3. Sugiyama, T. et al. (2006) Immunity 25, 977-88.
  4. Ara, T. et al. (2003) Immunity 19, 257-67.
  5. Kucia, M. et al. (2004) J Mol Histol 35, 233-45.
  6. Ratajczak, M.Z. et al. (2006) Leukemia 20, 1915-24.
  7. De La Luz Sierra, M. et al. (2004) Blood 103, 2452-9.
  8. Gleichmann, M. et al. (2000) Eur J Neurosci 12, 1857-66.
  9. Yu, L. et al. (2006) Gene 374, 174-9.

Pathways & Proteins

Explore pathways + proteins related to this product.

For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.

Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
SignalStain is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
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