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Antibody Sampler Kit Regulation of Neurogenesis

Also showing Antibody Sampler Kit Positive Regulation of Neurogenesis, Antibody Sampler Kit Negative Regulation of Neurogenesis

The Notch Receptor Interaction Antibody Sampler Kit provides an economical means to evaluate Notch signaling. The kit contains enough primary antibody to perform two western blots per primary.
The Hippo Signaling Antibody Sampler Kit provides an economical means of detecting target proteins of the Hippo signaling pathway. The kit contains enough primary antibody to perform two western blots per primary.
The Phospho-YAP/TAZ Antibody Sampler Kit uses phospho-specific and control antibodies to provide an economical means of detecting the phosphorylation of YAP and TAZ proteins at critical residues that are reported to regulate YAP and TAZ protein stability. The kit includes enough antibody to perform two western blot experiments with each primary antibody.

Background: YAP and TAZ (WWTR1) are transcriptional co-activators that play a central role in the Hippo Signaling pathway that regulates cell, tissue and organ growth. YAP and TAZ are structurally and functionally similar, but exhibit differential patterns of expression among cells and tissues that suggest partially non-redundant functions (1). YAP and TAZ are dynamically regulated in response to internal and external cellular signals. Under growth conditions, YAP and TAZ are translocated to the nucleus, where they interact with transcription factors (e.g., TEA domain proteins) that regulate the transcription of genes that control proliferation and cell survival (2). The subcellular localization of YAP and TAZ is dynamically regulated by a kinase cascade that regulates the phosphorylation status of key residues within YAP and TAZ. Phosphorylation of YAP and TAZ (e.g., Ser109, Ser127, Ser397 in YAP; Ser89 in TAZ) results in their cytoplasmic translocation, sequestration by 14-3-3 proteins, and recruitment of the β-TrCP (SCF) ubiquitin ligase complex (3,4). This complex ubiquitinates YAP and TAZ, triggering their proteolytic degradation in the proteasome, thereby altering the transcription of genes that control proliferation and cell survival (3-5).

The Wnt Signaling Antibody Sampler Kit provides an economical means of detecting integral proteins within the Wnt signaling pathway. The kit contains enough primary and secondary antibody to perform two Western blots with each.
The Notch Activated Targets Antibody Sampler Kit provides an economical means of detecting target proteins of activated Notch. The kit contains enough primary antibody to perform four western blot experiments per primary antibody.
The Hippo Pathway Proteins Antibody Sampler Kit provides an economical means of detecting proteins that have been identified as upstream regulators of the Hippo Signaling Pathway. The kit provides enough antibody to perform two western blot experiments with each primary antibody.
The Mouse Reactive Inflammasome Antibody Sampler Kit provides an economical means of detecting multiple inflammasome components. The kit includes enough antibodies to perform at least two western blot experiments with each primary antibody.

Background: The innate immune system works as the first line of defense in protection from pathogenic microbes and host-derived signals of cellular distress. One way in which these “danger” signals trigger inflammation is through activation of inflammasomes, which are multiprotein complexes that assemble in the cytosol after exposure to pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) or danger-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) and result in the activation of caspase-1 and subsequent cleavage of proinflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-18 (Reviewed in 1-6). Inflammasome complexes typically consist of a cytosolic pattern recognition receptor (PRR; a nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich-repeat [NLR] or AIM2-like receptor [ALR] family member), an adaptor protein (ASC/TMS1), and pro-caspase-1. A number of distinct inflammasome complexes have been identified, each with a unique PRR and activation triggers. The best characterized is the NLRP3 complex, which contains NLRP3, ASC/TMS1, and pro-caspase-1. The NLRP3 inflammasome is activated in a two-step process. First, NF-κB signaling is induced through PAMP- or DAMP-mediated activation of TLR4 or TNFR, resulting in increased expression of NLRP3, pro-IL-1β, and pro-IL-18 (priming step, signal 1). Next, indirect activation of NLRP3 occurs by a multitude of signals (whole pathogens, PAMPs/DAMPs, potassium efflux, lysosomal-damaging environmental factors [uric acid, silica, alum] and endogenous factors [amyloid-β, cholesterol crystals], and mitochondrial damage), leading to complex assembly and activation of caspase-1 (signal 2). The complex inflammasome structure is built via domain interactions among the protein components. Other inflammasomes are activated by more direct means: double-stranded DNA activates the AIM2 complex, anthrax toxin activates NLRP1, and bacterial flagellin activates NLRC4. Activated caspase-1 induces secretion of proinflammatory cytokines IL-1β and -18, but also regulates metabolic enzyme expression, phagosome maturation, vasodilation, and pyroptosis, an inflammatory programmed cell death. Inflammasome signaling contributes to the onset of a number of diseases, including atherosclerosis, type II diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, and autoimmune disorders.