Knowledge of the subcellular location of a protein may reveal the potential role it plays in a variety of cellular processes. Colocalization with one of the organelle-specific reagents listed here can confirm the subcellular location of a protein of interest. While these organelle markers serve as powerful tools for immunofluorescence, they may also be used as western blot controls for fractionated cell lysates.

Expression of these proteins may vary in different cells and tissues.

Cytoskeleton

No. Name Applications Reactivity
8844 β-Actin (13E5) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate) IF-IC, F H, M, R, Mk, B, Pg, (Hm, C, Dg, Hr)
9470 β-Actin (13E5) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 594 Conjugate) IF-IC H, M, R, Mk, B, Pg, (C, Dg, Hr)
8456 Pan-Actin (D18C11) Rabbit mAb W, IHC-P, IF-IC H, M, R, Mk
8584 β-Actin (13E5) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 647 Conjugate) IF-IC, F H, M, R, Mk, B, Pg, (C, Dg, Hr)
8457 β-Actin (D6A8) Rabbit mAb W, IF-IC, F H, M, R, Mk
4970 β-Actin (13E5) Rabbit mAb W, IHC-P, IHC-F, IF-IC, F H, M, R, Mk, B, Pg, (Hm, C, Dg, Hr)
3700 β-Actin (8H10D10) Mouse mAb W, IHC-P, IF-IC, F H, M, R, Hm, Mk, Dg
5332 Desmin (D93F5) XP® Rabbit mAb W, IF-F, IF-IC H, M, R, (Mk)
13063 Keratin 20 (D9Z1Z) XP® Rabbit mAb W, IHC-P, IF-IC, F H
4528 Pan-Keratin (C11) Mouse mAb (Alexa Fluor® 647 Conjugate) IF-P, IF-IC, F H, R, Mk
4523 Pan-Keratin (C11) Mouse mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate) IF-P, IF-IC, F H, R, Mk
4545 Pan-Keratin (C11) Mouse mAb W, IHC-P, IF-P, IF-IC, F H, R, Mk
4898 Keratin 7 (R458) Antibody W, IF-IC H
4543 Keratin 17 (D73C7) XP® Rabbit mAb W, IF-IC, F H, M, R, (Mk, Dg)
12434 Keratin 17/19 (D4G2) XP® Rabbit mAb W, IHC-P, IF-IC H, M, R
8953 Alexa Fluor® 555 Phalloidin IF-F, IF-IC All
12956 DyLight™ 650 Phalloidin IF-F, IF-IC All
12877 DyLight™ 594 Phalloidin IF-F, IF-IC All
13054 DyLight™ 554 Phalloidin IF-F, IF-IC All
12935 DyLight™ 488 Phalloidin IF-F, IF-IC All
12848 DyLight™ 350 Phalloidin IF-F, IF-IC All
8940 Alexa Fluor® 647 Phalloidin IF-F, IF-IC All
8878 Alexa Fluor® 488 Phalloidin IF-F, IF-IC All
3623 β-Tubulin (9F3) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate) IF-IC, F H, M, R, Mk, Dm, Z, B, (C)
3624 β-Tubulin (9F3) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 647 Conjugate) IF-IC, F H, M, R, Mk, Dm, Z, B, (C)
2116 β-Tubulin (9F3) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 555 Conjugate) IF-IC H, M, Mk, Dm, Z, B, (C)
2128 β-Tubulin (9F3) Rabbit mAb W, IHC-P, IF-IC, F H, M, R, Mk, Z, B, (C)
2146 β-Tubulin Antibody W, IHC-P, IF-IC, F H, M, R, Mk, Z, B, (X)
2148 α/β-Tubulin Antibody W, IHC-P, IF-IC, F H, M, R, Mk, Z, B
2125 α-Tubulin (11H10) Rabbit mAb W, IHC-P, IF-IC, F H, M, R, Mk, Dm, B, (Dg, Pg)
3873 α-Tubulin (DM1A) Mouse mAb W, IHC-P, IF-IC H, M, R, Mk
2144 α-Tubulin Antibody W, IHC-P, IF-IC, F H, M, R, Mk, Dm, B, (X)
5741 Vimentin (D21H3) XP® Rabbit mAb W, IHC-P, IF-IC, F H, M, R, Mk

Cytoplasm

No. Name Applications Reactivity
8727 MEK1/2 (D1A5) Rabbit mAb W, IF-IC, F H, M, R, Mk, (Hm), Dm, (X, Z, B, Dg, Pg, Ce)
4694 MEK1/2 (L38C12) Mouse mAb W, IHC-P, IF-IC, F H, M, R, Mk

Centrioles / Centrisome

No. Name Applications Reactivity
5259 PCM-1 (Q15) Antibody W, IP, IF-IC, F H, (Mk)
5213 PCM-1 (G2000) Antibody W, IP, IF-IC, F H, M, (Mk)

Ribosomes

No. Name Applications Reactivity
2415 Ribosomal Protein L7a (E109) Antibody W, IF-IC H, M, R, Mk
9538 Ribosomal Protein S3 (D50G7) XP® Rabbit mAb W, IP, IF-IC H, M, R, Mk
2579 Ribosomal Protein S3 Antibody W, IF-IC H, M, R, Mk
2217 S6 Ribosomal Protein (5G10) Rabbit mAb W, IHC-P, IF-F, IF-IC H, M, R, Mk, (Pg)
6989 S6 Ribosomal Protein (54D2) Mouse mAb (Alexa Fluor® 555 Conjugate) IF-IC H, M, R, Mk, Dm
5317 S6 Ribosomal Protein (54D2) Mouse mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate) IF-F, IF-IC, F H, M, R, Dm
2317 S6 Ribosomal Protein (54D2) Mouse mAb W, IP, IHC-P, IF-IC, F H, M, R, Mk, Dm
5548 S6 Ribosomal Protein (54D2) Mouse mAb (Alexa Fluor® 647 Conjugate) IF-F, IF-IC, F H, M, R, Mk, Dm

Endoplasmic Reticulum

No. Name Applications Reactivity
8787 ER-Tracker™ Green (BODIPY® FL Glibenclamide) IF-IC  
5033 ERp72 (D70D12) XP® Rabbit mAb W, IF-IC, F H, M, R, Mk
3501 PDI (C81H6) Rabbit mAb W, IHC-P, IF-IC H, M, R, Mk

Golgi

No. Name Applications Reactivity
12480 GM130 (D6B1) XP® Rabbit mAb W, IP, IF-IC H, Mk
12290 RCAS1 (D2B6N) XP® Rabbit mAb W, IP, IF-IC, F H, M, R, (Mk)
13192 Golgin-97 (D8P2K) Rabbit mAb W, IP, IF-IC H, M

Mitochondria

No. Name Applications Reactivity
5318 AIF (D39D2) XP® Rabbit mAb W, IP, IF-IC H, M, R, Mk, (B, Dg)
7561 COX IV (3E11) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 647 Conjugate) IF-IC, F H, R, Mk, Z, B, Pg
8693 COX IV (3E11) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 555 Conjugate) IF-IC H, R, Mk, Z, B, Pg
4853 COX IV (3E11) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate) IF-IC, F H, R, Mk, Z, B, Pg
8692 COX IV (3E11) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 594 Conjugate) IF-IC H, R, Mk, Z, B, Pg
4850 COX IV (3E11) Rabbit mAb W, IP, IHC-P, IHC-F, IF-IC, F H, R, Mk, Z, B, Pg
4844 COX IV Antibody W, IP, IHC-P, F H, M, R, Mk, B
12963 Cytochrome c (6H2.B4) Mouse mAb IP, IF-IC H, M, R
2024 Hexokinase I (C35C4) Rabbit mAb W, IP, IHC-P, IF-IC H, M

Endosomes

No. Name Applications Reactivity
3267 Caveolin-1 (D46G3) XP® Rabbit mAb W, IP, IHC-P, IF-IC, F H, M, R, Hm, Mk, B, Dg
3238 Caveolin-1 Antibody W, IP, IHC-P, IHC-F, IF-IC, F H, M, R, Hm, Z, B, Pg
8522 Caveolin-2 (D4A6) XP® Rabbit mAb W, IP, IF-IC H, Mk
4796 Clathrin Heavy Chain (D3C6) XP® Rabbit mAb W, IP, IF-IC H, M, R, Mk, (Pg)
2410 Clathrin Heavy Chain (P1663) Antibody W, IF-IC H, M, R, Mk, B, (Pg)
3288 EEA1 (C45B10) Rabbit mAb W, IP, IF-IC H, M, R
2411 EEA1 Antibody W, IP, IF-IC H, M, R, Mk
5589 Rab11 (D4F5) XP® Rabbit mAb W, IP, IF-IC H, M, R, Mk, (Hm, Pg)
3547 Rab5 (C8B1) Rabbit mAb W, IF-IC H, M, R, Mk
2143 Rab5 Antibody W, IF-IC H, M, R, Hm, Mk
9367 Rab7 (D95F2) XP® Rabbit mAb W, IP, IF-IC H, M, R, Mk
5118 Rab9 (D52G8) XP® Rabbit mAb W, IP, IF-IC H, M, R, Mk

Autophagosomes

No. Name Applications Reactivity
2011 Atg12 Antibody (Mouse Specific) W, IP, IF-IC M
2010 Atg12 Antibody (Human Specific) W, IP, IF-IC H
4599 LC3A (D50G8) XP® Rabbit mAb W, IHC-P, IF-IC, F H, M, R, (Mk, Dg)
13118 LC3A/B (D3U4C) XP® Rabbit mAb (Biotinylated) W H, M, R, (Mk, X, B, Dg, Pg)
13082 LC3A/B (D3U4C) XP® Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate) IF-IC, F H, M, R, (Mk, X, B, Dg, Pg)
12741 LC3A/B (D3U4C) XP® Rabbit mAb W, IHC-P, IF-IC, F H, M, R, (Mk, X, B, Dg, Pg)
13173 LC3A/B (D3U4C) XP® Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 555 Conjugate) IF-IC H, M, R, (Mk, X, B, Dg, Pg)
13611 LC3A/B (D3U4C) XP® Rabbit mAb (PE Conjugate) F H, M, R, (X, B, Dg, Pg)
3868 LC3B (D11) XP® Rabbit mAb W, IP, IHC-P, IF-IC, F H, M, R, (Mk, B, Pg)
2775 LC3B Antibody W, IF-IC, F H, M, R, (Mk, B, Pg)
7695 SQSTM1/p62 (D10E10) Rabbit mAb (IF Preferred) IP, IF-IC H

Lysosome

No. Name Applications Reactivity
9091 LAMP1 (D2D11) XP® Rabbit mAb W, IP, IF-IC H, Mk

Nucleus

No. Name Applications Reactivity
5019 ASH2L (D93F6) XP® Rabbit mAb W, IP, IF-IC H, M, R, Mk, (Dm)
2196 ESET (C1C12) Rabbit mAb W, IP, IF-IC H, Mk
2718 Histone H2A.Z Antibody W, IP, IF-IC H, M, R, Mk, Z, (C, X, B)
2184 LSD1 (C69G12) Rabbit mAb W, IP, IHC-P, IHC-F, IF-IC H, M, R, Mk
2139 LSD1 Antibody W, IP, IHC-P, IF-IC, F H, M, R, Mk

Nuclear Envelope

No. Name Applications Reactivity
4777 Lamin A/C (4C11) Mouse mAb W, IP, IHC-P, IF-F, IF-IC, F H, M, R, Mk
12255 Lamin B2 (D8P3U) Rabbit mAb W, IP, IF-IC H, Mk
2598 NUP98 (C39A3) Rabbit mAb W, IP, IF-IC H, M, R, Mk

Nucleolus

No. Name Applications Reactivity
3833 eIF6 (D16E9) XP® Rabbit mAb W, IP, IF-IC H, M, R, Mk
2639 Fibrillarin (C13C3) Rabbit mAb W, IF-IC H, M, R, Mk

Peroxisomes

No. Name Applications Reactivity
12980 Catalase (D4P7B) XP® Rabbit mAb W, IP, IF-IC H

Centromeres

No. Name Applications Reactivity
2048 CENP-A (C51A7) Rabbit mAb (Mouse Specific; IF Preferred) W, IF-IC M
2186 CENP-A Antibody W, IF-IC H

Intercellular Junctions

No. Name Applications Reactivity
3199 E-Cadherin (24E10) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate) IF-P, IF-IC, F H, M, (B, Dg, Pg)
3195 E-Cadherin (24E10) Rabbit mAb W, IHC-P, IHC-F, IF-IC, F H, M, (B, Dg, Pg)
7687 E-Cadherin (24E10) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 594 Conjugate) IF-IC H, M, (Dg, Pg)
4295 E-Cadherin (24E10) Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 555 Conjugate) IF-IC H, M, (Dg)
13116 N-Cadherin (D4R1H) XP® Rabbit mAb W, IP, IHC-P, IF-IC H
2189 P-Cadherin (C13F9) Rabbit mAb W, IF-IC H, (Mk)
2500 VE-Cadherin (D87F2) XP® Rabbit mAb W, IP, IF-IC, F H, Dm, B, Pg, (Mk)
3512 Connexin 43 Antibody W, IHC-P, IHC-F, IF-F, IF-IC H, M, R, Mk, Z, (Dg, Pg)
2847 ZO-2 Antibody W, IF-IC H, M, R, Mk, B, Dg
3704 ZO-3 (D57G7) XP® Rabbit mAb W, IF-IC H

Applications Key: W=Western blot  IP=Immunoprecipitation  IHC-P=Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin)  IHC-F=Immunohistochemistry (Frozen)  IF-IC=Immunofluorescence (Immunocytochemistry)  IF-F=Immunofluorescence (Frozen)  IF-P=Immunofluorescence (Paraffin)  F=Flow cytometry 
Reactivity Key: H=Human  M=Mouse  R=Rat  Hm=Hamster  Mk=Monkey  C=Chicken  Dm=D.melanogaster  X=Xenopus  Z=Zebrafish  B=Bovine  Dg=Dog  Pg=Pig  Hr=Horse  Ce=C.elegans  All=All Species Expected 
Species enclosed in parentheses are predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology.