Revision 1

#93195Store at -20C

1 Kit

(8 x 20 microliters)

Cell Signaling Technology

Orders: 877-616-CELL (2355) [email protected]

Support: 877-678-TECH (8324)

Web: [email protected]

3 Trask LaneDanversMassachusetts01923USA
For Research Use Only. Not for Use in Diagnostic Procedures.
Product Includes Product # Quantity Mol. Wt Isotype/Source
ASC/TMS1 (D2W8U) Rabbit mAb 67824 20 µl 22 kDa Rabbit IgG
HS1 (D5A9) XP® Rabbit mAb 3892 20 µl 80 kDa Rabbit IgG
Cathepsin B (D1C7Y) XP® Rabbit mAb 31718 20 µl 44, 27, 24 kDa Rabbit IgG
HIF-1α (D1S7W) XP® Rabbit mAb 36169 20 µl 120 kDa Rabbit IgG
Hydroxy-HIF-1α (Pro564) (D43B5) XP® Rabbit mAb 3434 20 µl 120 kDa Rabbit IgG
Galectin-3/LGALS3 (D4I2R) XP® Rabbit mAb 87985 20 µl 28 kDa Rabbit IgG
Axl (C89E7) Rabbit mAb 8661 20 µl 138 kDa Rabbit IgG
CD68 (D4B9C) XP® Rabbit mAb 76437 20 µl Rabbit IgG
CD68 MultiMab® Rabbit mAb mix 86985 20 µl 70-80, 130-140 kDa Rabbit IgG
Anti-rabbit IgG, HRP-linked Antibody 7074 100 µl Goat 

Please visit for individual component applications, species cross-reactivity, dilutions, protocols, and additional product information.


The Microglia Neurodegeneration Module Antibody Sampler Kit provides an economical means of detecting proteins identified as markers of microglial activity during neurodegeneration by western blot and/or immunofluorescence.


Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA, 50% glycerol and less than 0.02% sodium azide. Store at –20°C. Do not aliquot the antibody.


Distinct microglial activation states have been identified using RNA-seq data from a vast array of neurological disease and aging models. These activation states have been categorized into modules corresponding to proliferation, neurodegeneration, interferon-relation, LPS-relation, and many others (1). Previous work identifying markers of specific brain cell types using RNA-seq has shown HS1 and ASC/TMS1 to be useful and specific tools to study microglia (2). HS1 is a protein kinase substrate that is expressed only in tissues and cells of hematopoietic origin (3) and ASC/TMS1 has been found to be a critical component of inflammatory signaling where it associates with and activates caspase-1 in response to pro-inflammatory signals (4).
CD68 is a common marker for macrophage lineage cells; with expression found in the lysosome making it a useful marker for activated phagocytic microglia (5). Galectin-3 has been shown to regulate inflammatory response in neurodegenerative diseases, released by microglia in response to inflammatory stimuli (6). Cathepsin B is a widely expressed cysteine peptidase located in the lysosome as well as processed and secreted, playing a role in microglial-mediated neuronal death (7). Hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1α) is a transcription factor responsible for adaptation to low oxygen environments whose downstream effects have been shown in a number of neurodegenerative diseases. Under normoxic conditions, HIF-1α is proline hydroxylated leading to ubiquitin mediated degradation (8). Axl is a receptor tyrosine kinase that binds Gas6, stimulating regulatory effects on microglial phagocytic response to inflammatory stimuli (9).

  1. Friedman, B.A. et al. (2018) Cell Rep 22, 832-47.
  2. Zhang, Y. et al. (2014) J Neurosci 34, 11929-47.
  3. Kitamura, D. et al. (1995) Biochem Biophys Res Commun 208, 1137-46.
  4. Srinivasula, S.M. et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 21119-22.
  5. Hopperton, K.E. et al. (2018) Mol Psychiatry 23, 177-98.
  6. Yip, P.K. et al. (2017) Sci Rep 7, 41689.
  7. Gan, L. et al. (2004) J Biol Chem 279, 5565-72.
  8. Zhang, Z. et al. (2011) Curr Med Chem 18, 4335-43.
  9. Grommes, C. et al. (2008) J Neuroimmune Pharmacol 3, 130-40.

Background References

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    MultiMab is a registered trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
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