Product Pathways - Protein Translation
SignalSilence® RCAS1 siRNA I #6463
|6463S||300 µl (3 nmol)||---||In Stock||---|
|6463||carrier free and custom formulation / quantity||email request|
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Western blot analysis of extracts from HeLa cells, transfected with 100 nM SignalSilence® Control siRNA (Unconjugated) #6568 (-), SignalSilence® RCAS1 siRNA I (+) or SignalSilence® RCAS1 siRNA II #6496 (+), using RCAS1 Antibody #6960 (upper) or α-Tubulin (11H10) Rabbit mAb #2125 (lower). The RCAS1 Antibody confirms silencing of RCAS1 expression, while the α-Tubulin (11H10) Rabbit mAb is used as a loading control.
SignalSilence® RCAS1 siRNA I from Cell Signaling Technology (CST) allows the researcher to specifically inhibit RCAS1 expression using RNA interference, a method whereby gene expression can be selectively silenced through the delivery of double stranded RNA molecules into the cell. All SignalSilence® siRNA products from CST are rigorously tested in-house and have been shown to reduce target protein expression by western analysis.
Oligonucleotide synthesis is monitored base by base through trityl analysis to ensure appropriate coupling efficiency. The oligo is subsequently purified by affinity-solid phase extraction. The annealed RNA duplex is further analyzed by mass spectrometry to verify the exact composition of the duplex. Each lot is compared to the previous lot by mass spectrometry to ensure maximum lot-to-lot consistency.
Directions For Use
CST recommends transfection with 100 nM RCAS1 siRNA I 48 to 72 hours prior to cell lysis. For transfection procedure, follow protocol provided by the transfection reagent manufacturer. Please feel free to contact CST with any questions on use.
Each vial contains the equivalent of 100 transfections, which corresponds to a final siRNA concentration of 100 nM per transfection in a 24-well plate with a total volume of 300 μl per well.
Receptor binding cancer antigen expressed on SiSo cells (RCAS1) is also known as estrogen receptor-binding fragment-associated gene 9 (EBAG9). Originally identified as an estrogen-inducible gene (1), RCAS1 was recently found to play a novel role in the adaptive immune response by negatively regulating the cytolytic activity of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) (2). RCAS1 is conserved in phylogeny and is ubiquitously expressed in most human tissues and cells (3,4). There is evidence that tissue expression of RCAS1 is increased in a variety of malignancies, including cancers of the gastrointestinal tract, liver, lung, breast, ovary, endometrium, and cervix. Research studies have shown that levels of RCAS1 tissue expression are negatively correlated with the prognosis of patients harboring the aforementioned malignancies (4). It is also noteworthy that research studies have detected elevated levels of RCAS1 in the sera of cancer patients (4). Initial studies indicated that RCAS1 was secreted from cancer cells and functioned as a ligand for a putative receptor expressed on NK cells, as well as T and B lymphocytes, inducing their apoptosis, which enabled cancer cells to evade immune surveillance (5,6). Subsequent studies have identified RCAS1 as a type III transmembrane Golgi protein with the ability to regulate vesicle formation, secretion, and protein glycosylation (2,7-9). Indeed, it has been shown that RCAS1 overexpression negatively regulates the cytolytic function of CTLs by negatively regulating protein trafficking from the trans-Golgi to secretory lysosomes (2). Furthermore, RCAS1 overexpression delays vesicle transport from the ER to Golgi and causes components of the ER quality control and glycosylation machinery to mislocalize. As a consequence, RCAS1 induces the deposition of tumor-associated glycan antigens on the cell surface, which are thought to contribute to tumor pathogenesis through the mediation of adhesion, invasion, and metastasis (8,9).
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- Rüder, C. et al. (2009) J Clin Invest 119, 2184-203.
- Tsuchiya, F. et al. (2001) Biochem Biophys Res Commun 284, 2-10.
- Giaginis, C. et al. (2009) Histol Histopathol 24, 761-76.
- Matsushima, T. et al. (2001) Blood 98, 313-21.
- Nakashima, M. et al. (1999) Nat Med 5, 938-42.
- Reimer, T.A. et al. (2005) BMC Cancer 5, 47.
- Wolf, J. et al. (2010) FASEB J 24, 4000-19.
- Engelsberg, A. et al. (2003) J Biol Chem 278, 22998-3007.
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For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
SignalSilence® is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
Cell Signaling Technology® is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.