Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of HeLa cells, untreated (left) or treated with staurosporine #9953 (right) using Cleaved-PARP (Asp214) (D64E10) XP® Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 555 Conjugate) (red) and α-Tubulin (DM1A) Mouse mAb #3873 (green). Blue pseudocolor= DRAQ5® #4084 (fluorescent DNA dye).
This Cell Signaling Technology antibody is conjugated to Alexa Fluor® 555 fluorescent dye and tested in-house for immunofluorescent analysis in human cells. The antibody is expected to exhibit the same species cross-reactivity as the unconjugated Cleaved-PARP (Asp214) (D64E10) XP® Rabbit mAb #5625.
Supplied in PBS (pH 7.2), less than 0.1% sodium azide and 2 mg/ml BSA. Store at 4°C. Do not aliquot the antibody. Protect from light. Do not freeze.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.
NOTE: Cells should be grown, treated, fixed and stained directly in multi-well plates, chamber slides or on coverslips.
Aspirate liquid, then cover cells to a depth of 2–3 mm with 4% formaldehyde diluted in 1X PBS.
NOTE: Formaldehyde is toxic, use only in a fume hood.
NOTE: All subsequent incubations should be carried out at room temperature unless otherwise noted in a humid light-tight box or covered dish/plate to prevent drying and fluorochrome fading.
posted November 2006
revised November 2013
Protocol Id: 182
Cleaved-PARP (Asp214) (D64E10) XP® Rabbit mAb (Alexa Fluor® 555 Conjugate) detects endogenous levels of the large fragment (89 kDa) of human PARP1 protein produced by caspase cleavage. The antibody does not recognize full length PARP1 or other PARP isoforms.
Monoclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues surrounding Asp214 in human PARP protein.
PARP, a 116 kDa nuclear poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase, appears to be involved in DNA repair in response to environmental stress (1). This protein can be cleaved by many ICE-like caspases in vitro (2,3) and is one of the main cleavage targets of caspase-3 in vivo (4,5). In human PARP, the cleavage occurs between Asp214 and Gly215, which separates the PARP amino-terminal DNA binding domain (24 kDa) from the carboxy-terminal catalytic domain (89 kDa) (2,4). PARP helps cells to maintain their viability; cleavage of PARP facilitates cellular disassembly and serves as a marker of cells undergoing apoptosis (6).
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