This Cell Signaling Technology antibody is conjugated to phycoerythrin (PE) and tested in-house for direct flow cytometry analysis in human cells. This antibody is expected to exhibit the same species cross-reactivity as the unconjugated ROS1 (D4D6®) Rabbit mAb #3287.
Supplied in PBS (pH 7.2), less than 0.1% sodium azide and 2 mg/ml BSA. Store at 4°C. Do not aliquot the antibodies. Protect from light. Do not freeze.
ROS1 (D4D6®) Rabbit mAb (PE Conjugate) recognizes endogenous levels of total ROS1 protein. The unconjugated antibody does not cross-react with other related proteins when analyzed by western blot. Please note that staining may be observed in ROS1 rearranged lung carcinomas, macrophages/giant cells, reactive type II pneumocyte hyperplasia, and the epithelium in areas of bronchiolar metaplasia. Staining of unknown specificity has been observed in cholangiocarcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, and kidney tissues.
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a protein corresponding to residues in the carboxy terminal domain of the human ROS1 protein.
ROS1, an orphan receptor tyrosine kinase of the insulin receptor family, was initially identified as a homolog of v-ros from the UR2 sarcoma virus (1). ROS1 consists of a large extracellular domain that is composed of six fibronectin repeats, a transmembrane domain, and an intracellular kinase domain. While the function of ROS1 is undefined, it has been shown to play an important role in differentiation of epididymal epithelium (2). The first oncogenic fusion of ROS1, FIG-ROS1, was initially identified by research studies in glioblastoma (3), and subsequent studies have found this fusion in cholangiocarcinoma (4), ovarian cancer (5) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) (6). Investigators have found additional oncogenic ROS1 fusion proteins in NSCLC (at a frequency of ~1.6%), where the ROS1 kinase domain is fused to the amino-terminal region of a number of different proteins, including CD74 and SLC34A2 (6-8). ROS1 fusion proteins activate the SHP-2 phosphatase, PI3K/Akt/mTOR, Erk, and Stat3 pathways (3,4,9).
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