Figure 3. Dose dependence curve of PDGFRalpha D842V kinase activity: DELFIA® data generated using Phospho-Tyrosine Mouse mAb (P-Tyr-100) #9411 to detect phosphorylation of substrate peptide (#1305) by PDGFRalpha D842V kinase. In a 50 µl reaction, increasing amounts of PDGFRalpha D842V and 1.5 µM substrate peptide were used per reaction at room temperature for 30 minutes. (DELFIA® is a registered trademark of PerkinElmer, Inc.)
Figure 5. Sensitivities of wild type and mutant PDGFRalpha D842V kinases to Staurosporine (A) and Gleevec (B) were compared: DELFIA® data generated using Phospho-Tyrosine mAb (P-Tyr-100) #9411 to detect phosphorylation of PDGFRalpha substrate peptide (#1305) by the PDGFRalpha kinases. In a 50 µl reaction, 100 ng of kinase, 1.5 µM substrate peptide, 20 µM ATP and increasing concentration of indicated inhibitors were used per reaction well at room temperature for 30 minutes. (DELFIA® is a registered trademark of PerkinElmer, Inc.)
Figure 4. Peptide concentration dependence of PDGFRalpha D842V kinase activity: DELFIA® data generated using Phospho-Tyrosine Mouse mAb (P-Tyr-100) #9411 to detect phosphorylation of substrate peptide (#1305) by PDGFRalpha D842V kinase. In a 50 µl reaction, 100 ng of PDGFRalpha D842V and increasing concentrations of substrate peptide were used per reaction at room temperature for 30 minutes. (DELFIA® is a registered trademark of PerkinElmer, Inc.)
Figure 2. Time course of PDGFRalpha D842V kinase activity: DELFIA® data generated using Phospho-Tyrosine Mouse mAb (P-Tyr-100) #9411 to detect phosphorylation of PDGFRalpha D842V substrate peptide (#1305) by PDGFRalpha D842V kinase. In a 50 µl reaction, 100 ng PDGFRalpha D842V and 1.5 µM substrate peptide were used per reaction. (DELFIA® is a registered trademark of PerkinElmer, Inc.)
Figure 1. PDGFRalpha D842V kinase activity was measured in a radiometric assay using the following reaction conditions: 60 mM HEPES-NaOH, pH 7.5, 5 mM MgCl2, 5 mM MnCl2, 3 µM Na-orthovanadate, 1.2 mM DTT, 100 µM ATP, 100 µM FLT3 (Tyr589) Biotinylated Peptide (#1305) and variable amount of Recombinant PDGFRalpha D842V. Reaction mixture incubated at room temperature for 10 minutes.
The kit provides a means of performing kinase activity assays with recombinant human PDGFRalpha D842V kinase. It includes active PDGFRalpha D842V kinase (supplied as a GST fusion protein), a biotinylated peptide substrate and a phospho-tyrosine monoclonal antibody for detection of the phosphorylated form of the substrate peptide.
Peptide substrate, Biotin-FLT3 (Tyr589): 1945 Daltons. GST-PDGFRalpha D842V Kinase: 76 kDa.
Platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) family proteins exist as several disulphide-bonded, dimeric isoforms (PDGF AA, PDGF AB, PDGF BB, PDGF CC, and PDGF DD) that bind in a specific pattern to two closely related receptor tyrosine kinases, PDGF receptor α (PDGFRα) and PDGF receptor β (PDGFRβ). PDGFRα and PDGFRβ share 75% to 85% sequence homology between their two intracellular kinase domains, while the kinase insert and carboxy-terminal tail regions display a lower level (27% to 28%) of homology (1). PDGFRα homodimers bind all PDGF isoforms except those containing PDGF D. PDGFRβ homodimers bind PDGF BB and DD isoforms, as well as the PDGF AB heterodimer. The heteromeric PDGF receptor α/β binds PDGF B, C, and D homodimers, as well as the PDGF AB heterodimer (2). PDGFRα and PDGFRβ can each form heterodimers with EGFR, which is also activated by PDGF (3). Various cells differ in the total number of receptors present and in the receptor subunit composition, which may account for responsive differences among cell types to PDGF binding (4). Ligand binding induces receptor dimerization and autophosphorylation, followed by binding and activation of cytoplasmic SH2 domain-containing signal transduction molecules, such as GRB2, Src, GAP, PI3 kinase, PLCγ, and NCK. A number of different signaling pathways are initiated by activated PDGF receptors and lead to control of cell growth, actin reorganization, migration, and differentiation (5). Tyr751 in the kinase-insert region of PDGFRβ is the docking site for PI3 kinase (6). Phosphorylated pentapeptides derived from Tyr751 of PDGFRβ (pTyr751-Val-Pro-Met-Leu) inhibit the association of the carboxy-terminal SH2 domain of the p85 subunit of PI3 kinase with PDGFRβ (7). Tyr740 is also required for PDGFRβ-mediated PI3 kinase activation (8).
A subset of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are associated with PDGFRalpha activating mutations (8,9). The most common mutation is D842V which located in the kinase activation loop domain and results in contitutively active PDGFRalpha (8,9). This mutation also renders the kinase resistant to Gleevec (Imatinib) inhibition (9,10) and predicts poor clinical response of the patients to Gleevec (10).
Explore pathways + proteins related to this product.
Except as otherwise expressly agreed in a writing signed by a legally authorized representative of CST, the following terms apply to Products provided by CST, its affiliates or its distributors. Any Customer's terms and conditions that are in addition to, or different from, those contained herein, unless separately accepted in writing by a legally authorized representative of CST, are rejected and are of no force or effect.
Products are labeled with For Research Use Only or a similar labeling statement and have not been approved, cleared, or licensed by the FDA or other regulatory foreign or domestic entity, for any purpose. Customer shall not use any Product for any diagnostic or therapeutic purpose, or otherwise in any manner that conflicts with its labeling statement. Products sold or licensed by CST are provided for Customer as the end-user and solely for research and development uses. Any use of Product for diagnostic, prophylactic or therapeutic purposes, or any purchase of Product for resale (alone or as a component) or other commercial purpose, requires a separate license from CST. Customer shall (a) not sell, license, loan, donate or otherwise transfer or make available any Product to any third party, whether alone or in combination with other materials, or use the Products to manufacture any commercial products, (b) not copy, modify, reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble or otherwise attempt to discover the underlying structure or technology of the Products, or use the Products for the purpose of developing any products or services that would compete with CST's products or services, (c) not alter or remove from the Products any trademarks, trade names, logos, patent or copyright notices or markings, (d) use the Products solely in accordance with CST's Product Terms of Sale and any applicable documentation, and (e) comply with any license, terms of service or similar agreement with respect to any third party products or services used by Customer in connection with the Products.