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Human Interleukin-1β (hIL-1β)
Growth Factors and Cytokines

Human Interleukin-1β (hIL-1β) #8900

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Citations (3)
other Image 1 - Human Interleukin-1β (hIL-1β)

The production of IL-8 by primary human fibroblasts cultured with increasing concentrations of human IL-1β was assessed. Media from cells incubated with IL-1β for 24 hours was collected and assayed for IL-8 by ELISA and the OD450-OD650 was determined.

other Image 2 - Human Interleukin-1β (hIL-1β)

The purity of recombinant hIL-1β was determined by SDS-PAGE of 6 µg reduced (+) and non-reduced (-) recombinant hIL-1β and staining overnight with Coomassie Blue.

other Image 3 - Human Interleukin-1β (hIL-1β)

Western blot analysis of extracts from MCF-7 cells, untreated or treated with hIL-1β for 20 minutes, using Phospho-NF-κB p65 (Ser536) (93H1) Rabbit mAb #3033 (upper) and NF-κB p65 Antibody #3034 (lower).


With carrier: Lyophilized from a 0.22 μm filtered solution of PBS, pH 7.2 containing 20 μg BSA per 1 μg hIL-1β. Carrier free: Lyophilized from a 0.22 μm filtered solution of PBS, pH 7.2.


Stable in lyophilized state at 4°C for 1 year after receipt. Sterile stock solutions reconstituted with carrier protein are stable at 4°C for 2 months and at -20°C for 6 months. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.Maintain sterility. Storage at -20°C should be in a manual defrost freezer.

Product Description


>98% as determined by SDS-PAGE of 6 μg reduced (+) and non-reduced (-) recombinant hIL-1β. All lots are greater than 98% pure.

Molecular Formula:

Recombinant hIL-1β does not have a Met on the amino terminus and has a calculated MW of 17,377. DTT-reduced and non-reduced protein migrate as 18 kDa polypeptides. The expected amino-terminal APVRS of recombinant hIL-1β was verified by amino acid sequencing.


The bioactivity of recombinant IL-1β was determined by its ability to induce IL-8 production by primary human fibroblasts. The ED50 of each lot is between 5-20 pg/ml.


Less than 0.01 ng endotoxin/1 μg hIL-1β.

Source / Purification

Recombinant human IL-1β (hIL-1β) Ala117-Ser269 (Accession #NM_000576) was produced in E. coli at Cell Signaling Technology.


IL-1β is a pro-inflammatory cytokine produced predominantly by activated monocytes and epithelial cells (1). Precursor IL-1β is cleaved by caspase-1 and mature IL-1β is then secreted (1-3). Target cells include macrophages and many other cell types. Signaling by IL-1β involves IL-1β binding to IL-1 accessory protein (IL-1-AcP) and then the complex binds to IL-1RI (1,2). Signaling is through activation of MAP kinase and NF-κB pathways (1,2). IL-1β also binds to IL-1RII that lacks an intracellular signaling domain and thereby serves as a high affinity decoy receptor. IL-1β binding to IL-1RI is inhibited by the negative regulator, IL-1R antagonist (IL-1Ra). IL-1Ra binding to IL-1RI does not signal and serves to block IL-1β signaling. IL-1β plays critical roles in the acute phase response and sepsis (1-3).

  1. Dinarello, C.A. (1996) Blood 87, 2095-147.
  2. Allan, S.M. et al. (2005) Nat Rev Immunol 5, 629-40.
  3. Kramer, F. et al. (2008) Mol Immunol 45, 2678-89.

Pathways & Proteins

Explore pathways + proteins related to this product.

For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.

Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.

To Purchase # 8900SC
Product # Size Price
10 µg  (With Carrier) $ 221
10 µg  (Carrier Free) $ 221