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8902
Human Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (hTNF-α)
Cytokines
Growth Factors and Cytokines

Human Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (hTNF-α) #8902

Reviews ()
Citations (9)
Human Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (hTNF-α): Image 1

The purity of recombinant hTNF-α was determined by SDS-PAGE of 6 µg reduced (+) and non-reduced (-) recombinant hTNF-α and staining overnight with Coomassie Blue.

Human Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (hTNF-α): Image 2

The viability of L-929 cells treated with increasing amounts of hTNF-α in the presence of 2 ng/ml actinomycin D was determined. Cells were stained with crystal violet at the end of treatment and the OD595 was determined.

Human Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (hTNF-α): Image 3

Western blot analysis of extracts from HeLa cells treated with hTNF-α for 20 minutes, using Phospho-NF-κB p65 (Ser536) (93H1) Rabbit mAb #3033 (upper) and total NF-κB p65 Antibody #3034 (lower).

Formulation

With carrier: Lyophilized from a 0.22 μm filtered solution of PBS, pH 7.2 containing 20 μg BSA per 1 μg hTNF-α. Carrier free: Lyophilized from a 0.22 μm filtered solution of PBS, pH 7.2.

Storage

Stable in lyophilized state at -20°C for 1 year after receipt. Sterile stock solutions reconstituted with carrier protein are stable at 4°C for 2 months and at -20°C for 6 months. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.Maintain sterility. Storage at -20°C should be in a manual defrost freezer.

Product Description

Purity

>98% as determined by SDS-PAGE of 6 μg reduced (+) and non-reduced (-) recombinant hTNF-α. All lots are greater than 98% pure.

Molecular Formula

Recombinant hTNF-α does not have a Met on the amino terminus and has a calculated MW of 17,352. DTT-reduced and non-reduced protein migrate as 18 kDa polypeptides. The expected amino-terminal VRSSS of recombinant hTNF-α was verified by amino acid sequencing. TNF-α is a non-disulfide-linked homotrimer in solution as determined by chemical cross-linking.

Source / Purification

Recombinant human TNF-α (hTNF-α) Val77-Leu233 (Accession #HUMTNFAB) was produced in E. coli at Cell Signaling Technology.

Background

TNF-α, the prototypical member of the TNF protein superfamily, is a homotrimeric type-II membrane protein (1,2). Membrane bound TNF-α is cleaved by the metalloprotease TACE/ADAM17 to generate a soluble homotrimer (2). Both membrane and soluble forms of TNF-α are biologically active. TNF-α is produced by a variety of immune cells including T cells, B cells, NK cells and macrophages (1). Cellular response to TNF-α is mediated through interaction with receptors TNF-R1 and TNF-R2 and results in activation of pathways that favor both cell survival and apoptosis depending on the cell type and biological context. Activation of kinase pathways (including JNK, ERK (p44/42), p38 MAPK and NF-κB) promotes the survival of cells, while TNF-α mediated activation of caspase-8 leads to programmed cell death (1,2). TNF-α plays a key regulatory role in inflammation and host defense against bacterial infection, notably Mycobacterium tuberculosis (3). The role of TNF-α in autoimmunity is underscored by blocking TNF-α action to treat rheumatoid arthritis and Crohn’s disease (1,2,4).

  1. Aggarwal, B.B. (2003) Nat Rev Immunol 3, 745-56.
  2. Hehlgans, T. and Pfeffer, K. (2005) Immunology 115, 1-20.
  3. Lin, P.L. et al. (2007) J Investig Dermatol Symp Proc 12, 22-5.
  4. Brennan, F.M. and McInnes, I.B. (2008) J Clin Invest 118, 3537-45.

Pathways & Proteins

Explore pathways + proteins related to this product.

Limited Uses

Except as otherwise expressly agreed in a writing signed by a legally authorized representative of CST, the following terms apply to Products provided by CST, its affiliates or its distributors. Any Customer's terms and conditions that are in addition to, or different from, those contained herein, unless separately accepted in writing by a legally authorized representative of CST, are rejected and are of no force or effect.

Products are labeled with For Research Use Only or a similar labeling statement and have not been approved, cleared, or licensed by the FDA or other regulatory foreign or domestic entity, for any purpose. Customer shall not use any Product for any diagnostic or therapeutic purpose, or otherwise in any manner that conflicts with its labeling statement. Products sold or licensed by CST are provided for Customer as the end-user and solely for research and development uses. Any use of Product for diagnostic, prophylactic or therapeutic purposes, or any purchase of Product for resale (alone or as a component) or other commercial purpose, requires a separate license from CST. Customer shall (a) not sell, license, loan, donate or otherwise transfer or make available any Product to any third party, whether alone or in combination with other materials, or use the Products to manufacture any commercial products, (b) not copy, modify, reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble or otherwise attempt to discover the underlying structure or technology of the Products, or use the Products for the purpose of developing any products or services that would compete with CST's products or services, (c) not alter or remove from the Products any trademarks, trade names, logos, patent or copyright notices or markings, (d) use the Products solely in accordance with CST's Product Terms of Sale and any applicable documentation, and (e) comply with any license, terms of service or similar agreement with respect to any third party products or services used by Customer in connection with the Products.

For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
To Purchase # 8902SC
Product # Size Price
8902SC
10 µg  (With Carrier) $ 201
8902SF
10 µg  (Carrier Free) $ 201

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