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14821
PathScan® Cancer Phenotype Antibody Array Kit (Chemiluminescent Readout)
ELISA Kits
Antibody Array Kit

PathScan® Cancer Phenotype Antibody Array Kit (Chemiluminescent Readout) #14821

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PathScan® Cancer Phenotype Antibody Array Kit (Chemiluminescent Readout): Image 1

Figure 1. Target Map of the PathScan® Cancer Phenotype Antibody Array Kit (Chemiluminescent Readout) #14821.

PathScan® Cancer Phenotype Antibody Array Kit (Chemiluminescent Readout): Image 2

Figure 2. HeLa and A-431 cells (upper), and HCC827 and Calu-3 cells (lower) were grown to 90% confluency. Cell Lysates were prepared and analyzed using the PathScan® Cancer Phenotype Antibody Array Kit (Chemiluminescent Readout) #14821. Images were acquired by briefly exposing the slide to standard chemiluminescent film.

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Product Description

The PathScan® Cancer Phenotype Antibody Array Kit (Chemiluminescent Readout) uses glass slides as the planar surface and is based upon the sandwich immunoassay principle. The array kit allows for the simultaneous detection of 19 cancer cell associated proteins. Target-specific capture antibodies have been spotted in duplicate onto nitrocellulose-coated glass slides. Each kit contains two slides allowing for the interrogation of 32 different samples and the generation of 608 data points in a single experiment. Cell lysates are incubated on the slide followed by a biotinylated detection antibody cocktail. HRP-linked Streptavidin and LumiGLO® Reagent are then used to visualize the bound detection antibody by chemiluminescence. An image of the slide can be captured with either a digital imaging system or standard chemiluminescent film. The image can be analyzed visually or the spot intensities quantified using array analysis software.

Specificity / Sensitivity

PathScan® Cancer Phenotype Antibody Array Kit (Chemiluminescent Readout) detects the target proteins as specified on the Array Target Map. No substantial cross-reactivity has been observed between targets. This kit is optimized for cell lysates diluted to a total protein concentration between 0.2 and 1 mg/ml (see kit protocol). All sandwich assays have been validated for human derived samples. This kit may also detect homologous proteins from other species.

Background

Despite shared hallmarks and common overarching principles, cancers are heterogeneous in nature. Widely used tumor derived cell lines often exhibit both genomic and proteomic differences relative to one another. Factors contributing to these differences include gradual accumulation of genetic lesions within cell lines, transcriptional networks and epigenetic marks remaining from the original tissue, and various adaptations to in vitro culture conditions. Cell lines may differ considerably in the architectural details of basic machineries, the wiring of signal transduction circuitry, and the set points of metabolic pathways. As a result, heterogeneous phenotypes within cell lines will manifest as differences in fundamental cellular functions and a range of behaviors under experimental conditions.

The cell surface represents a compartment where a high level of heterogeneity is displayed. Cancer cells can use the wide array of cell surface proteins to sense, attract, and respond to survival or growth factors in order to promote cancer cell proliferation and growth. Certain cell surface molecules can shield cancer cells from the immune response, help to procure nutrients and create more favorable conditions, and provide a means for the spread and colonization of the cancer cells to other tissues. The presence (or absence) of specific cellular proteins can be regarded as a characteristic phenotypic trait that allows for the classification of cancer cell type and may help predict cellular response to specific experimental conditions both in vitro and in vivo.

Understanding and modeling tumor cell behavior, sensitivity and resistance to various drugs, identification of oncogene dependencies and network vulnerabilities requires a systems-level measurement of multiple parameters. Therefore, it is important to simultaneously survey both the cell surface as well as key molecules that serve as indicators for cell cycle progression, epithelial to mesenchymal transition, and activation of the hypoxic response program.

  1. Scheel, C. and Weinberg, R.A. (2012) Semin Cancer Biol 22, 396-403.
  2. Hale, J.S. et al. (2012) Cell Adh Migr 6, 346-55.
  3. Varga, J. et al. (2014) FEBS Lett 588, 2422-7.
  4. Zöller, M. (2011) Nat Rev Cancer 11, 254-67.
  5. van Roy, F. (2014) Nat Rev Cancer 14, 121-34.
  6. Schnell, U. et al. (2013) Biochim Biophys Acta 1828, 1989-2001.
  7. Kufe, D.W. (2013) Oncogene 32, 1073-81.

Pathways & Proteins

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Limited Uses

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Products are labeled with For Research Use Only or a similar labeling statement and have not been approved, cleared, or licensed by the FDA or other regulatory foreign or domestic entity, for any purpose. Customer shall not use any Product for any diagnostic or therapeutic purpose, or otherwise in any manner that conflicts with its labeling statement. Products sold or licensed by CST are provided for Customer as the end-user and solely for research and development uses. Any use of Product for diagnostic, prophylactic or therapeutic purposes, or any purchase of Product for resale (alone or as a component) or other commercial purpose, requires a separate license from CST. Customer shall (a) not sell, license, loan, donate or otherwise transfer or make available any Product to any third party, whether alone or in combination with other materials, or use the Products to manufacture any commercial products, (b) not copy, modify, reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble or otherwise attempt to discover the underlying structure or technology of the Products, or use the Products for the purpose of developing any products or services that would compete with CST's products or services, (c) not alter or remove from the Products any trademarks, trade names, logos, patent or copyright notices or markings, (d) use the Products solely in accordance with CST's Product Terms of Sale and any applicable documentation, and (e) comply with any license, terms of service or similar agreement with respect to any third party products or services used by Customer in connection with the Products.

For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
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PathScan is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
XP is a registered trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
LumiGLO is a registered trademark of Kirkegaard & Perry Laboratories.