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35172
FastScan™ Total LC3B ELISA Kit
ELISA Kits

FastScan™ Total LC3B ELISA Kit #35172

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Figure 1: LC3B protein from untreated and chloroquine-treated HeLa cells is detected by FastScan™ Total LC3B ELISA kit. A much lower signal of LC3B protein is seen in the untreated lysate. The relationship between lysate protein concentration from untreated and chloroquine-treated cells and the absorbance at 450 nm using the FastScan™ Total LC3B ELISA Kit #35172 is shown in the upper figure. The corresponding western blot using a LC3B antibody is shown in the lower figure. Unstarved HeLa cells (80-90% confluence) were treated with chloroquine (50 μM, overnight), and then lysed.

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Product Includes Volume (with Count) Solution Color
FastScan™ ELISA Microwell Strip Plate, 96 Well 53257 1 x 96 tests
LC3B Rabbit Capture mAb 1 x 1 ea Green (Lyophilized)
LC3B Mouse HRP-linked mAb 1 x 1 ea Red (Lyophilized)
FastScan™ ELISA Capture Antibody Diluent 1 x 3 ml Green
FastScan™ ELISA HRP Antibody Diluent 1 x 3 ml
TMB Substrate 7004 1 x 11 ml
STOP Solution 7002 1 x 11 ml
ELISA Wash Buffer (20X) 9801 1 x 25 ml
FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Buffer (5X) 69905 1 x 10 ml
FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Enhancer Solution (50X) 25243 1 x 1 ml
FastScan™ ELISA Kit #35172 Positive Control 2 x 1 ea
Sealing Tape 1 x 1 ea

FastScan™ ELISA Protocol

A. Solutions and Reagents

NOTE: Prepare solutions with deionized/purified water or equivalent.
Prepare only as much reagent as needed on the day of the experiment.

  1. FastScan™ ELISA Microwell Strip Plate, 96 well (#53257): Bring all to room temperature before opening bag/use. Unused microwell strips should be returned to the original re-sealable bag containing the desiccant pack and stored at 4°C.
  2. 1X ELISA Wash Buffer: Prepare by diluting ELISA Wash Buffer (20X) (included in each kit) to 1X with deionized water.
  3. 1X Cell Extraction Buffer: Prepare by diluting FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Buffer (5X) #69905 and FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Enhancer Solution (50X) #25243* to 1X with deionized water. This buffer can be stored at 4°C for short-term use (1-2 weeks). To make 10 mL 1X Cell Extraction Buffer, combine 7.8 mL deionized water, 2 mL FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Buffer (5X), and 200 μL FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Enhancer Solution (50X). Alternatively, Enhancer Solution may be added to the Cell Extraction Buffer after extraction of cells or tissue. When using the 1X Cell Extraction Buffer as a sample diluent for the assay, it is recommended to equilibrate it to room temperature prior to use.

*IMPORTANT: The provided FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Enhancer Solution (50X) may precipitate when stored at 4°C. To dissolve, warm briefly at 37°C and mix gently. The FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Enhancer Solution (50X) can be stored at room temperature to avoid precipitation.

NOTE: The 1X Cell Extraction Buffer contains phosphatase inhibitors. Protease inhibitors should be added to the 1X Cell Extraction Buffer immediately prior to lysing cells. Additional phosphatase inhibitors can also be added (e.g. Protease/Phosphatase Inhibitor Cocktail (100X) #5872, not supplied).

  1. FastScan™ ELISA Capture Antibody Diluent: Green diluent for reconstitution of the Capture Antibody.
  2. FastScan™ ELISA HRP Antibody Diluent: Diluent (amber bottle) for reconstitution of the HRP-linked Antibody. Protect from light.
  3. 4X Capture Antibody: Reconstitute lyophilized Capture Antibody (green colored cake) with 3 mL FastScan™ ELISA Capture Antibody Diluent (green diluent). Incubate at room temperature for 5 min with occasional gentle mixing to fully reconstitute. For best results, use immediately following antibody reconstitution. Unused reconstituted 4X Capture Antibody may be stored for up to 4 weeks at 4°C, although there may be some loss of signal compared to freshly reconstituted antibody.
  4. 4X HRP-linked Antibody: Reconstitute lyophilized HRP-linked Antibody (red colored cake) with 3 mL FastScan™ ELISA HRP Antibody Diluent. Incubate at room temperature for 5 min with occasional gentle mixing to fully reconstitute. For best results, use immediately following antibody reconstitution. Unused reconstituted 4X HRP-linked Antibody may be stored for up to 4 weeks at 4°C protected from light, although there may be some loss of signal compared to freshly reconstituted antibody.
  5. Antibody Cocktail: Combine equal volumes of the reconstituted 4X Capture and 4X HRP-linked Antibodies immediately prior to assay and mix. To make 6 mL of the Antibody Cocktail (enough for 1x 96-well plate), combine 3 mL 4X Capture Antibody with 3 mL 4X HRP-linked Antibody.
  6. Positive Control: Reconstitute 1 vial of lyophilized Positive Control by adding 250 μL deionized water. Mix thoroughly and gently, hold at room temperature for 1 minute and then follow the steps outlined below in the "Test Procedure" section. Positive Controls are recommended to be used immediately after reconstituting in deionized water, however remaining material may be stored at -80°C (there may be some loss of the positive control signal if freeze/thawed). Positive Controls are supplied as a control reagent, not as an absolute quantitation measure.
  7. TMB Substrate (#7004): Bring to room temperature before use.
  8. STOP Solution (#7002): Bring to room temperature before use.

B. Preparing Cell Lysates

For adherent cells

  1. Aspirate media when the culture reaches 80-90% confluence.
  2. Remove media and rinse cells once with ice-cold 1X PBS.
  3. Remove PBS and add 0.5 mL ice-cold 1X Cell Extraction Buffer (recommended to supplement with protease inhibitors and additional phosphatase inhibitors as needed) to each plate (10 cm diameter) and incubate the plate on ice for 5 min.
  4. Scrape cells off the plate and transfer to an appropriate tube. Keep on ice.
  5. Sonicate lysates on ice.
  6. Microcentrifuge for 5 min (x14,000 rpm) at 4°C and transfer the supernatant to a new tube. The supernatant is the cell lysate. Store at −80°C in single-use aliquots.

For suspension cells

  1. Remove media by low speed centrifugation (~1200 rpm) when the culture reaches 0.5-1.0 x 106 viable cells/ml.
  2. Wash once with ice-cold 1X PBS.
  3. Cells harvested from 50 mL of growth media can be lysed in 2.0 mL of 1X Cell Extraction Buffer (recommended to supplement with protease inhibitors and additional phosphatase inhibitors as needed).
  4. Sonicate lysates on ice.
  5. Microcentrifuge for 5 min (x14,000 rpm) at 4°C and transfer the supernatant to a new tube. The supernatant is the cell lysate. Store at −80°C in single-use aliquots.

C. Test Procedure

NOTE: Equilibrate all materials and prepared reagents to room temperature prior to running the assay.

  1. Prepare all reagents as indicated above (Section A).
  2. Samples should be undiluted or diluted with 1X Cell Extraction Buffer to a 2X protein concentration in order to achieve a final 1X protein concentration upon addition of the antibody cocktail. Individual datasheets for each kit provide a sensitivity curve that serves as a reference for selection of an appropriate starting lysate concentration. The sensitivity curve shows typical results across a range of lysate concentration points.
  3. Add 50 μL of each sample or Positive Control to the appropriate wells.
  4. Add 50 μL of the Antibody Cocktail to each well.
  5. Seal the plate with the supplied sealing tape and incubate for 1 hour at room temperature on a plate shaker set to 400 rpm (moderate agitation).
  6. Gently remove the tape and wash wells:
    1. Discard plate contents into a receptacle.
    2. Wash 3 times* with 1X ELISA Wash Buffer, 200 μL each time for every well. After each wash, aspirate or decant from wells. Invert the plate and blot it against clean paper towels to remove the residual solution in each well, but do not allow wells to completely dry at any time.
    3. Clean the underside of all wells with a lint-free tissue.

*NOTE: Certain FastScan™ ELISA Kits may require additional washes at this step. Any requirements for additional washes will be specifically noted in the product “Description” of the kit’s datasheet.

  1. Add 100 μL of TMB Substrate to each well. Seal with tape and incubate the plate in the dark for 15 min at room temperature on a plate shaker (400 rpm, moderate agitation) or alternatively for 10 min at 37°C without shaking.
  2. Add 100 μL of STOP Solution to each well. Shake gently for a few seconds.

NOTE: Initial color of positive reaction is blue, which changes to yellow upon addition of STOP Solution.

  1. Read results:
    1. Visual Determination: Read within 30 min after adding STOP Solution.
    2. Spectrophotometric Determination: Wipe underside of wells with a lint-free tissue. Read absorbance at 450 nm within 30 min after adding STOP Solution.

posted May 2018

revised November 2018

The FastScan™ Total LC3B ELISA Kit is a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that detects endogenous levels of LC3B. To perform the assay, sample is incubated with a capture antibody conjugated with a proprietary tag and a second detection antibody linked to HRP, forming a sandwich with LC3B in solution. This entire complex is immobilized to the plate via an anti-tag antibody. The wells are then washed to remove unbound material. TMB is then added. The magnitude of observed signal is proportional to the quantity of LC3B. Antibodies in kit are custom formulations specific to kit.

IMPORTANT: This FastScan™ ELISA Kit requires 4 washes at Step 6 of the protocol.

The FastScan™ Total LC3B ELISA Kit detects endogenous levels of LC3B as shown in Figure 1. This kit detects proteins from the indicated species, as determined through in-house testing, but may also detect homologous proteins from other species.

Species Reactivity:

Human, Mouse, Rat, Monkey

Autophagy is a catabolic process for the autophagosomic-lysosomal degradation of bulk cytoplasmic contents (1,2). Autophagy is generally activated by conditions of nutrient deprivation, but it has also been associated with a number of physiological processes including development, differentiation, neurodegenerative diseases, infection, and cancer (3). Autophagy marker Light Chain 3 (LC3) was originally identified as a subunit of microtubule-associated proteins 1A and 1B (termed MAP1LC3) (4) and subsequently found to contain similarity to the yeast protein Apg8/Aut7/Cvt5 critical for autophagy (5). Three human LC3 isoforms (LC3A, LC3B, and LC3C) undergo post-translational modifications during autophagy (6-9). Cleavage of LC3 at the carboxy terminus immediately following synthesis yields the cytosolic LC3-I form. During autophagy, LC3-I is converted to LC3-II through lipidation by a ubiquitin-like system involving Atg7 and Atg3 that allows for LC3 to become associated with autophagic vesicles (6-10). The presence of LC3 in autophagosomes and the conversion of LC3 to the lower migrating form, LC3-II, have been used as indicators of autophagy (11).

  1. Reggiori, F. and Klionsky, D.J. (2002) Eukaryot. Cell 1, 11-21.
  2. Codogno, P. and Meijer, A.J. (2005) Cell Death Differ. 12 Suppl 2, 1509-18.
  3. Levine, B. and Yuan, J. (2005) J. Clin. Invest. 115, 2679-88.
  4. Mann, S.S. and Hammarback, J.A. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 11492-97.
  5. Lang, T. et al. (1998) EMBO J. 17, 3597-607.
  6. Kabeya, Y. et al. (2000) EMBO J. 19, 5720-28.
  7. He, H. et al. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278, 29278-87.
  8. Tanida, I. et al. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279, 47704-10.
  9. Wu, J. et al. (2006) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 339, 437-42.
  10. Ichimura, Y. et al. (2000) Nature 408, 488-92.
  11. Kabeya, Y. et al. (2004) J. Cell Sci. 117, 2805-12.
Entrez-Gene Id
81631
Swiss-Prot Acc.
Q9GZQ8
For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.

Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
FastScan™ ELISA is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
U.S. Patents 9,086,407, 9,261,500, and 9,476,874, foreign equivalents, and child patents deriving therefrom.

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