Figure 1: Treatment of HeLa cells with UV light stimulates phosphorylation of HSP27 at Ser78, detected by PathScan® Phospho-HSP27 (Ser78) Sandwich ELISA kit, #7290, but does not affect the level of total HSP27 protein detected by PathScan® Total HSP27 Sandwich ELISA kit, #7295. OD450 readings (upper) and the corresponding Western blot using Phospho-HSP27 (Ser78) Ab #2405 (lower right) or HSP27 (G31) Mouse mAb #2402 (lower left), are shown.
Figure 2: Relationship between protein concentration of lysates from untreated and UV-treated HeLa cells and kit assay optical density readings. HeLa cells (70-85% confluence) were treated with UV and lysed after incubation at 37oC for 30 minutes.
|Product Includes||Volume||Solution Color|
|HSP27 Rabbit Ab Coated Microwells||96 tests|
|HSP27 Mouse Detection mAb||1 ea||Green (Lyophilized)|
|Anti-mouse IgG, HRP-linked Antibody (ELISA Formulated)||1 ea||Red (Lyophilized)|
|Detection Antibody Diluent||11 ml||Green|
|HRP Diluent||11 ml||Red|
|TMB Substrate 7004||11 ml|
|STOP Solution 7002||11 ml|
|Sealing Tape||2 ea|
|ELISA Wash Buffer (20X) 9801||25 ml|
|ELISA Sample Diluent||25 ml||Blue|
|Cell Lysis Buffer (10X) 9803||15 ml|
CST's PathScan® Total HSP27 Sandwich ELISA Kit is a solid phase sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that detects endogenous levels of total HSP27 protein. An HSP27 Antibody has been coated onto the microwells. After incubation with cell lysates, both nonphospho- and phospho-HSP27 are captured by the coated antibody. Following extensive washing, an HSP27 Mouse mAb is added to detect the captured HSP27 protein. Anti-mouse IgG, HRP-linked antibody is then used to recognize the bound detection antibody. HRP substrate, TMB, is added to develop color. The magnitude of optical density for this developed color is proportional to the quantity of total HSP27 protein.
Antibodies in kit are custom formulations specific to kit.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with purified water.
*NOTE: Some PathScan® ELISA Kits may include HRP-Linked Streptavidin in place of HRP-Linked Antibody.
NOTE: Initial color of positive reaction is blue, which changes to yellow upon addition of STOP Solution.
posted November 2013
Protocol Id: 204
CST's PathScan® Total HSP27 Sandwich ELISA Kit detects endogenous levels of total HSP27 protein. Using PathScan® Phospho-HSP27 (Ser78) Sandwich ELISA Kit #7290, a significant induction of phospho-HSP27 (Ser78) in HeLa cells treated with UV light can be detected. However, the level of total HSP27 (phospho and non-phospho), detected by this Sandwich ELISA Kit #7295, remains unchanged (Figure 1). COS cells treated with UV light show similar results (data not shown). This kit detects proteins from the indicated species, as determined through in-house testing, but may also detect homologous proteins from other species.
Heat shock protein (HSP) 27 is one of the small HSPs that are constitutively expressed at different levels in various cell types and tissues. Like other small HSPs, HSP27 is regulated at both the transcriptional and posttranslational levels (1). In response to stress, the HSP27 expression increases several-fold to confer cellular resistance to the adverse environmental change. HSP27 is phosphorylated at Ser15, Ser78, and Ser82 by MAPKAPK-2 as a result of the activation of the p38 MAP kinase pathway (2,3). Phosphorylation of HSP27 causes a change in its tertiary structure, which shifts from large homotypic multimers to dimers and monomers (4). It has been shown that phosphorylation and increased concentration of HSP27 modulates actin polymerization and reorganization (5,6).
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