Figure 1: Treatment of serum-starved WI-38 cells (3 days) with serum for 2 days induces Rb protein expression, as detected by the PathScan® Total Rb Sandwich ELISA Kit #12915. The absorbance readings at 450 nm are shown in the top figure while the corresponding western blot using Rb (D20) Rabbit mAb #9313 is shown in the bottom figure.
Figure 2: The relationship between protein concentration of lysates from Jurkat (Rb-positive) and Saos-2 (Rb-negative) cells and the absorbance at 450 nm is shown, as detected by the PathScan® Total Rb Sandwich ELISA Kit #12915.
|Product Includes||Volume||Solution Color|
|Rb Rabbit mAb Coated Microwells||96 tests|
|Biotinylated Rb Mouse Detection mAb||1 ea||Green (Lyophilized)|
|HRP-Linked Streptavidin (ELISA Formulated)||1 ea||Red (Lyophilized)|
|Detection Antibody Diluent||11 ml||Green|
|HRP Diluent||11 ml||Red|
|TMB Substrate 7004||11 ml|
|STOP Solution 7002||11 ml|
|Sealing Tape||2 ea|
|ELISA Wash Buffer (20X) 9801||25 ml|
|ELISA Sample Diluent||25 ml||Blue|
|Cell Lysis Buffer (10X) 9803||15 ml|
PathScan® Total Rb Sandwich ELISA Kit is a solid phase sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that detects endogenous levels of total Rb protein. An Rb antibody has been coated onto the microwells. After incubation with cell lysates, Rb protein is captured by the coated antibody. Following extensive washing, a biotinylated Rb Antibody is added to detect the captured Rb protein. HRP-linked Streptavidin is then used to recognize the bound detection antibody. HRP substrate, TMB, is added to develop color. The magnitude of optical density for this developed color is proportional to the quantity of total Rb protein.
Antibodies in kit are custom formulations specific to kit.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with purified water.
*NOTE: Some PathScan® ELISA Kits may include HRP-Linked Streptavidin in place of HRP-Linked Antibody.
NOTE: Initial color of positive reaction is blue, which changes to yellow upon addition of STOP Solution.
posted November 2013
Protocol Id: 204
PathScan® Total Rb Sandwich ELISA Kit recognizes endogenous levels of Rb protein as shown in Figure 1. The kit sensitivity is shown in Figure 2. This kit detects proteins from the indicated species, as determined through in-house testing, but may also detect homologous proteins from other species.Species Reactivity:
The retinoblastoma tumor suppressor protein Rb regulates cell proliferation by controlling progression through the restriction point within the G1-phase of the cell cycle (1). Rb has three functionally distinct binding domains and interacts with critical regulatory proteins including the E2F family of transcription factors, c-Abl tyrosine kinase, and proteins with a conserved LXCXE motif (2-4). Cell cycle-dependent phosphorylation by a CDK inhibits Rb target binding and allows cell cycle progression (5). Rb inactivation and subsequent cell cycle progression likely requires an initial phosphorylation by cyclin D-CDK4/6 followed by cyclin E-CDK2 phosphorylation (6). Specificity of different CDK/cyclin complexes has been observed in vitro (6-8) and cyclin D1 is required for Ser780 phosphorylation in vivo (9).
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PathScan is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.