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Product Usage Information

Storage: Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA and 50% glycerol. Store at –20°C. Do not aliquot the antibody.

Specificity / Sensitivity

HIF-1β/ARNT Antibody detects endogenous levels of total HIF-1β/ARNT protein.

Source / Purification

Polyclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to the sequence of human HIF-1β/ARNT. Antibodies are purified by protein A and peptide affinity chromatography.

Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF1) is a heterodimeric transcription factor that plays a critical role in the cellular response to hypoxia (1). The HIF1 complex consists of two subunits, HIF-1α and HIF-1β, which are basic helix-loop-helix proteins of the PAS (Per, ARNT, Sim) family (2). HIF1 regulates the transcription of a broad range of genes that facilitate responses to the hypoxic environment, including genes regulating angiogenesis, erythropoiesis, cell cycle, metabolism, and apoptosis. The widely expressed HIF-1α is typically degraded rapidly in normoxic cells by the ubiquitin/proteasomal pathway. Under normoxic conditions, HIF-1α is proline hydroxylated leading to a conformational change that promotes binding to the von Hippel Lindau protein (VHL) E3 ligase complex; ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation follows (3,4). Both hypoxic conditions and chemical hydroxylase inhibitors (such as desferrioxamine and cobalt) inhibit HIF-1α degradation and lead to its stabilization. In addition, HIF-1α can be induced in an oxygen-independent manner by various cytokines through the PI3K-AKT-mTOR pathway (5-7).

HIF-1β is also known as AhR nuclear translocator (ARNT) due to its ability to partner with the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) to form a heterodimeric transcription factor complex (8). Together with AhR, HIF-1β plays an important role in xenobiotics metabolism (8). In addition, a chromosomal translocation leading to a TEL-ARNT fusion protein is associated with acute myeloblastic leukemia (9). Studies also found that ARNT/HIF-1β expression levels decrease significantly in pancreatic islets from patients with type 2 diabetes, suggesting that HIF-1β plays an important role in pancreatic β-cell function (10).

1.  Sharp, F.R. and Bernaudin, M. (2004) Nat Rev Neurosci 5, 437-48.

2.  Wang, G.L. et al. (1995) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 92, 5510-4.

3.  Jaakkola, P. et al. (2001) Science 292, 468-72.

4.  Maxwell, P.H. et al. (1999) Nature 399, 271-5.

5.  Fukuda, R. et al. (2002) J Biol Chem 277, 38205-11.

6.  Jiang, B.H. et al. (2001) Cell Growth Differ 12, 363-9.

7.  Laughner, E. et al. (2001) Mol Cell Biol 21, 3995-4004.

8.  Walisser, J.A. et al. (2004) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101, 16677-82.

9.  Salomon-Nguyen, F. et al. (2000) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 97, 6757-62.

10.  Gunton, J.E. et al. (2005) Cell 122, 337-49.

Entrez-Gene Id 405
Swiss-Prot Acc. P27540

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HIF-1β/ARNT Antibody